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ITTOs (Input, Tools & Technique, and Outputs) in the Project Management:

Do you know what ITTOs are? What does it mean in the project management? ITTOs stand for Input, Tools & Techniques, and Outputs. These ITTOs are very useful in the project management. It shows what you need really to deliver a process and what would be the outcome of this process. Additionally you will understand what tools and techniques required for accomplishing a process. Let me map the entire ITTOs for PMP aspirants:

ITTOs Integration Management
Processes Inputs Tools & Techniques Outputs
1. Develop Project Charter 1. Project Statement Of Work2. Business Case3. Contract4. Enterprise Environmental Factors,5.Organizational Process Assets 1.Expert Judgment 1.Project Charter
2. Develop Project Management Plan 1.Project Charter2.Outputs from Planning processes 3.Enterprise Environmental Factors4.Organizational Process Assets 1.Expert Judgment 1.Project Management Plan
3. Direct And Manage Project Execution 1.Project Management Plan,2.Approved Change Requests3.Enterprise Environmental Factors4.Organizational Process Assets 1.Project Management InformationSystems2.Expert Judgment 1.Deliverables2.Work Performance Information3.Change Requests4.Project Management Plan updates5.Project Document updates
4. Monitor and Control Project Work 1.Project Management Plan2.Performance Reports3.Enterprise Environmental Factors4.Organizational Process Assets 1.Expert Judgment 1.Change Requests2.Project Management Plan updates3.Project Document updates
5. Integrated Change Control 1.Project Management Plan2.Work Performance Information3.Change Requests4.Enterprise Environmental Factors5.Organizational Process Assets 1.Expert Judgment2. Change Control Meetings 1. Change Request Status updates2.Project Management Plan updates3.Project Document updates
6. Close Project or Phase 1.Project Management Plan2.Accepted Deliverables3.Organizational Process Assets 1.Expert Judgment 1.Final Product, Service or result2.Organizational Process Assets

Scope Management

Processes Inputs Tools & Techniques Outputs
1. Collect Requirements 1.Project Charter2.Stakeholder Register 1.Interviews2.Focus Groups3.Facilitated Workshops4.Group Creativity techniques5.Group Decision making techniques6.Questionnaires and Surveys7.Observations 8.Prototypes 1.Requirements Documentation2.Requirements Management Plan3.Requirements Traceability Matrix
2. Define Scope 1.Project Charter2.Requirements Documentation3. Organizational Process Assets 1. Expert Judgment2.Product Analysis3.Alternatives Identification4.Facilitated Workshops 1.Project Scope Statement2.Project Document updates
3. Create WBS 1.Project Scope Statement2.Requirements Documentation3.Organizational Process Assets 1.Decomposition 1.WBS2.WBS dictionary3.Scope baseline4. Project Document updates
4. Verify Scope 1.Project Management Plan2. Requirements Documentation3.Requirements Traceability Matrix4.Validated Deliverables Inspection 1.Accepted Deliverables2.Change Requests3.Project Document updates
5.Control Scope 1.Project Management Plan2. Work performance information3. Requirements Documentation4.Requirements Traceability Matrix5. Organizational Process Assets 1.Variance Analysis 1.Work Performance Measurements2. Organizational Process Asset updates3. Change Requests4.Project Management Plan updates5.Project Document updates

Time Management

Processes Inputs Tools & Techniques Outputs
1. Define Activities 1.Scope Baseline2.Enterprise Environmental Factors3.Organizational Process Assets 1. Decomposition2. Rolling Wave Planning3.Templates4.Expert Judgment 1.Activity List2.Activity Attributes3.Milestone List
2. Sequence Activities 1.Activity List2.Activity Attributes3.Milestone List4.Project Scope Statement5. Organizational Process Assets 1.Precedence Diagramming Method (PDM)2.Dependency Determination3.Applying Leads and Lags4.Schedule Network templates 1.Project Schedule Network Diagrams2. Project Document updates
3.Estimate Activity Resources 1.Activity List2.Activity Attributes3.Resource Calendars4.Enterprise Environmental Factors5.Organizational Process Assets 1.Expert Judgment2.Alternatives Analysis3.Published Estimating data4.Bottom up Estimating5.Project management Software 1.Activity Resource Requirements2.Resource breakdown Structure3.Project Document updates
4.Estimate Activity Durations 1.Activity List2.Activity Attributes3.Activity Resource Requirements4.Resource Calendars5.Project Scope Statement6.Enterprise Environmental Factors7.Organizational Process Assets 1.Expert Judgment2.Analogous Estimating3.Parametric Estimating4.Three-point Estimates5.Reserve Analysis 1.Activity Duration Estimates2. Project Document updates
5. Develop Schedule 1.Activity List2.Activity Attributes3.Project Schedule Network Diagrams4.Activity Resource Requirements5.Resource Calendars6.Activity Duration Estimates7. Project Scope Statement 8. Enterprise Environmental Factors 9.Organizational Process Assets 1.Schedule Network Analysis2.Critical path method3. Critical chain method4. Resource leveling5.What-if Scenario analysis6. Applying Leads and Lags7. Schedule Compression 8. Scheduling Tool 1.Project Schedule2. Schedule baseline3.Schedule Data4. Project Documents update
6. Control Schedule 1.Project Management Plan2.Project Schedule3.Work performance Information4. Organizational Process Assets 1.Performance Reviews2. Variance Analysis3. Project Management Software4. Resource leveling5. What-if Scenario analysis6. Adjusting Leads and Lags7.Schedule Comparison 8.Scheduling Tool 1.Work Performance Measurements2. Organizational Process Asset updates3. Change Requests4.Project Management Plan updates5.Project Document updates

Cost Management

Processes Inputs Tools & Techniques Outputs
1. Estimate Costs 1.Scope Baseline2.Project Schedule3.Human Resource Plan4.Risk Register5.Enterprise Environmental Factors6.Organizational Process Assets 1.Expert Judgment2.Analogous Estimating3. Parametric Estimating4. Bottom-up Estimating5.Three-point Estimates6.Reserve analysis7.Cost of Quality 8.Project Management Software 9.Vendor bid Analysis 1.Activity Cost Estimates2. Basis of estimate3. Project Document updates
2. Determine Budget 1.Activity Cost Estimates2. Basis of estimate3. Scope Baseline4.Project Schedule5.Resource Calendars6.Contracts7. Organizational Process Assets 1.Cost aggregation2.Reserve analysis3.Expert Judgment4.Historical relationships5.Funding Limit reconciliation 1.Cost Performance Baseline2.Project Funding requirements3. Project Document updates
3. Control Costs 1.Project Management Plan2.Project Funding requirements3.Work Performance information4.Organizational Process Assets 1.Earned Value Management2.Forecasting3. To-Complete Performance Index (TCPI)4.Performance reviews5.Variance Analysis6.Project Management software 1.Work Performance Measurements2.Budget Forecasts3.Organizational Process Asset updates4.Change Requests5.Project Management Plan updates6.Project Document updates

Quality Management

Processes Inputs Tools & Techniques Outputs
1. Plan Quality 1.Scope Baseline2.Stakeholder Register3.Cost Performance Baseline4. Schedule Baseline5.Risk register6.Enterprise Environmental Factors7.Organizational Process Assets 1.Cost Benefit Analysis2.Cost of Quality (COQ)3.Control Charts4.Benchmarking5.Design of Experiments6.Statistical Sampling7.Flow charting 8.Proprietary Quality Management Methodologies 9.Additional Quality Planning Tools 1.Quality Management Plan2.Quality Metrics3.Quality Checklists4.Process improvement Plan5.Project Document updates
2.Perform Quality Assurance 1.Project Management Plan2.Quality Metrics3.Work Performance Information4.Quality Control Measurements 1.Plan Quality and Perform Quality control Tools & techniques2.Quality audits3.Process Analysis 1.Organizational Process Asset updates2.Change Requests3.Project Management Plan updates4.Project Document updates
3.Perform Quality Control 1.Project management Plan2.Quality Metrics3.Quality Checklists4.Work Performance Measurements5. Approved Change requests6. Deliverables7.Organizational Process Assets 1.Cause and effect Diagram2.Control Charts3.Flowcharting4.Histogram5.Pareto Chart6.Run Chart7.Scatter Diagram 8.Statistical Sampling 9.Inspection 10.Approved Change Requests Review 1.Quality Control Measurements2.Validated Changes3. Validated Deliverables4. Organizational Process Asset updates5. Change Requests6.Project Management Plan updates7.Project Document updates

HR Management

Processes Inputs Tools & Techniques Outputs
1. Develop Human Resource Plan 1. Activity Resource Requirements2.Enterprise Environmental Factors3.Organizational Process Assets 1.Organizational Charts and Position Descriptions2.Networking3.Organizational Theory 1.Human Resource Plan
2.Aquire Project Team 1.Project Management Plan2.Enterprise Environmental Factors3.Organizational Process Assets 1.Pre-assignment2.Negotiation3.Acquisition4.Virtual teams 1.Project Staff Assignments2.Resource Calendar3.Project Management Plan updates
3. Develop Project team 1.Project Staff Assignments2.Project Management Plan3.Resource Calendars 1.Interpersonal skills2.Training3.Team Building Activities4.Ground Rules5.Co-location6.Recognition and rewards 1.Team Performance Assessment2. Enterprise Environmental Factor updates
4. Manage Project Team 1.Project Staff Assignments2. Project Management Plan3.Team Performance Assessment4.Performance Reports5.Organizational Process Assets 1.Observation and Conversation2.Project Performance Appraisals3.Conflict management4.Issue log5.Interpersonal skills 1. Enterprise Environmental Factor updates2.Organizational Process Asset updates3.Change Requests4.Project Management Plan updates

Communication Management

Processes Inputs Tools & Techniques Outputs
1. Identify Stakeholders 1.Project Charter2. Procurement Documents3. Enterprise Environmental Factors4.Organizational Process Assets 1.Stakeholder Analysis2. Expert Judgment 1.Stakeholder Register2. Stakeholder Management Strategy
2. Plan Communications 1.Stakeholder Register2. Stakeholder Management Strategy 3.Enterprise Environmental Factors4.Organizational Process Assets 1.Communications Requirements analysis2.Communications technology3.Communication Model4.Communication methods 1.Communications Management Plan2.Project Document updates
3. Distribute Information 1.Project Management Plan2.Performance Reports3. Organizational Process Assets 1.Communications methods2.Information Distribution tools 1.Organizational Process Asset updates
4.Manage Stakeholder Expectations 1.Stakeholder Register2. Stakeholder Management Strategy3. Project Management Plan4.Issue Log5.Change Log6. Organizational Process Assets 1.Communication methods2.Interpersonal skills3. Management skills 1.Organizational Process Asset updates2.Change Requests3.Projec t Management plan updates4.Project Document updates
3.Report Performance 1. Project management Plan2.Work performance Information3. Work performance Measurements4.Budget Forecasts5. Organizational Process Assets 1.Variance Analysis2.Forecasting methods3.Communication methods4.Reporting systems 1.Performance reports2.Organizational Process Asset updates3.Change Requests

Risk Management

Processes Inputs Tools & Techniques Outputs
1. Plan Risk Management 1. Project Scope Statement2.Cost management plan3.Schedule management plan4.Communication management plan5.Enterprise Environmental Factors6.Organizational Process Assets 1.Planning Meetings and Analysis 1.Risk Management Plan
2.Identify Risks 1.Risk Management Plan2.Activity cost estimates3.Activity Duration estimates4.Scope baseline5.Stakeholder register6. Cost management plan7.Schedule management plan 8.Quality management plan 9.Project Documents 10. Enterprise Environmental Factors 11.Organizational Process Assets 1.Documentation reviews2.Information Gathering Techniques3.Checklist Analysis4.Assumptions Analysis5.Diagramming Techniques6.SWOT Analysis7.Expert Judgment 1.Risk Register
3. Perform Qualitative Risk Analysis 1. Risk Register2. Risk Management Plan3. Project Scope Statement4.Organizational Process Assets 1.Risk Probability and Impact Assessment2.Probability and Impact Matrix3.Risk data Quality Assessment4.Risk Categorization5.Risk Urgency Assessment6.Expert Judgment 1.Risk Register updates
4. Perform Quantitative Risk Analysis 1. Risk Register2. Risk Management Plan3. Cost management plan4.Schedule management plan5.Organizational Process Assets 1.Data Gathering and representation Techniques2.Quantitative Risk Analysis and Modeling Techniques3.Expert Judgment 1.Risk Register updates
5.Plan Risk Responses 1.Risk Register2. Risk management Plan 1.Strategies for negative risk or threats2.Strategies for positive risks or opportunities3.Contingent response strategies4.Expert Judgment 1.Risk Register updates2. Risk related Contract decisions3.Project Management plan updates4.Project Document updates
6. Monitor and Control Risks 1.Risk Register2.Project Management Plan3.Work Performance Information4.Performance reports 1.Risk Assessment2.Risk Audits3.Variance and trend Analysis4.Technical Performance Measurement5.Reserve Analysis6.Status Meetings 1.Risk Register updates2. Organizational Process Asset updates3.Change Requests4. Project Management plan updates5.Project Document updates

Procurement Management

Processes Inputs Tools & Techniques Outputs
1.Plan Procurements 1. Scope Baseline2. Requirements Documentation3.Teaming Agreements4. Risk Register5.Risk related Contract decisions6.Activity Resource requirements7.Project schedule 8.Activity cost estimates 9.Cost performance baseline 10. Enterprise Environmental Factors 11.Organizational Process Assets 1.Make or buy Analysis2.Expert judgment3.Contract Types 1.Procurement management Plan2.Procurement statements of work3.Make or-buy Decisions4.Procurement Documents5.Source selection criteria6.Change Requests
2. Conduct Procurements 1.Project management Plan2. Procurement Documents3.Source selection criteria4.Qualified sellers List5.Seller Proposals6.Project Documents7.Make or buy decisions 8.Teaming Agreements 9.Organizational Process Assets 1.Bidder Conferences2. Proposal Evaluation Techniques3. Independent Estimates4. Expert Judgment5.Advertising6.Internet search7.Procurement negotiations 1.Selected Sellers2.Procurement contract award3.Resource calendars4. Change Requests5. Project Management plan updates6.Project Document updates
3.Administer Procurements 1.Procurement Documents2.Project Management Plan3.Contract4.Performance reports5.Approved Change Requests6.Work Performance Information 1.Contract change control system2.Procurement Performance reviews3.Inspections and Audits4.Performance Reporting5.Payment system6.Claims administration7. Record management system 1. Procurement Documentation2. Organizational process assets updates3.Change Requests4.Project management plan updates
4. Close Procurements 1.Project Management Plan2.Procurement Documentation 1.Procurement Audits2.Negotiated settlements3.Record management system 1.Closed Procurements2.organizational Process assets updates

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ITTOs (Input, Tools & Technique, and Outputs) in the Project Management is a very helpful document for PMP Aspirants. Grab this learning and improve your PMP exam prep.

Pradip Dwevedi, PMP is currently the Lead PMP Trainer / Corporate Trainer at Reputed Global REPs, India and also the Head – Project Management at Invida Trans IT Solutions PVT LTD. Prior to this, he was Divisional Manager at Stylo Graphic Imaging and before this he was working as Facilitator/Team Leader at Aptara.

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