Automation testing is a full-fledged career nowadays in the software industry. Automation testing professionals work in continuity with the development team to deliver the project on deadlines, and has brought several advantages and offers a lucrative career for modern age professionals. Here are the top 14 Automation Testing Interview Questions you must know before going for your next interview to ace your Automation Testing Interview in one go.
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1. How would you explain the meaning of Automation Testing?
A. Generally, any process that reduces human effort is termed as automation. Automation Testing is a process of using software, bots, or any method to perform repetitive tasks to eliminate errors, bugs, or find any vulnerabilities in the script.
Automation testing plays a very crucial role in the software development process of continuous testing and continuous delivery when several updates are required regularly. Though in the software development process, testing is a separate field that requires expert professionals and the use of testing tools.
2. What are the general types of Automation tests used in the industry?
A. Depending on the need, many types of Automation tests are there:
- Unit Testing is performed at the development stage to find and overcome bugs in the process.
- Graphical User Testing (GUI) is performed to test the front-end or user interface of the application.
- Functional Testing is performed to test the ability of the functions present in the applications.
- Smoke Testing is performed to check if special feature stability with the overall product is feasible or not.
- Integration Testing is performed to test the integration of the new module with the overall application logically and ease of communication throughout the whole process.
- Regression Testing is performed to test the recent code that affects the current features of the application to avoid any conflict.
3. What are some good practices for automation testing?
A. Some of the best industry practices are
- Following naming standards throughout the script
- Use of appropriate comments
- Separating codes based on use
- Avoid duplicate cases
- Test scripts regularly
- Adhere to coding conventions
4. What is an automation testing framework?
An automation testing framework is a tool or software that follows the guidelines and best practices to ease the automation process. This framework consists of various functional libraries, object details, test data sources, methods, and reusable models to complement the testing.
5. How are the automation testing frameworks helpful?
A. Automation testing frameworks complement the process with numerous advantages.
- Consistency and reliability to get desired goals
- Helps implement uniform testing throughout the system
- Easy to manage large and complex code
- Able to add new cases
6. What type of testing framework are available in the industry?
A. Several types of testing frameworks are there in the market depending on the need for the software:
- Data-driven testing
- Modularity-driven testing
- Keyword-driven testing
- Hybrid testing
- Model-based testing
- Code-driven testing
- Behavior-driven development
7. What are some ideal and nonideal cases for using Automation testing?
A. Automation is considered ideal in scenarios such as repetitive tasks, regression test cases, humongous data sets, smoke testing, etc. While Automation testing is ideally not suited for random testing, individual test cases, Application changing regularly, ad-hoc testing, exploratory, and user interface, etc. Time and ROI (Return on Investment) play a vital role in selecting the automation testing.
8. How would you map the success of automation testing?
A. Several factors can be used to check the effectiveness of automation testing, such as:
- Quality of software
- Installment costs
- Number of errors or bugs found
- Software or test coverage
9. How would you differentiate between manual testing and Automation testing?
A. Here are some major differences:
Characterized by low accuracy and low reliability.
Offers quick, reliable, and more proficient solutions.
All tasks are performed by humans, so time-consuming.
Tools perform the tasks, so comparatively, it takes less time.
Low investment and lower ROI.
Higher investment and higher ROI.
Ideally suited for individual cases, exploratory, ad-hoc, and usability scenarios.
Ideally suited for repetitive tasks, performance testing, load testing, and functional tests.
The intervention of humans helps in customer experience.
No guarantee of customer experience.
10. Do you expect automation testing to replace manual testing?
A. Both automation and manual are part of the overall testing process with their pros and cons. Though automated testing has added benefits, it still can't replace manual testing due to its limitation on several scenarios.
11. What are the main steps in the life cycle in Automation testing?
A. Here are the steps that one should follow while implementing automation testing in general.
- Define the goals for automation testing
- Define the scope of automation
- Select the types of automation testing and cases to be performed
- Build test scripts and test suits to check cases
- Execute with automation tools
- Record test logs in a specific report formats
12. What are some of the most popular tools you would use for automation testing?
A. Several automation tools are used in the industry based on the requirement of the software in general, such as Selenium, UFT, Appium, Ranorex, Watir, Tosca, and SoapUI, etc.
13. How would you select an automation tool?
A. As a testing expert, one should consider several factors before selecting the right automation tool.
- Understand project requirements
- Search list of tools to match these requirements
- Consider the budget for the testing
- Compare the tools for its unique solution, reusability, reporting, and ease of working for that project
- Select the tool based on a comparison that benefits your organization in every aspect.
14. Can we achieve 100% automation possible in any case scenario?
A. It is almost impossible to implement 100% automation to any testing procedures. Due to the presence of some real-life scenarios such as captcha matching that separates bots from humans or checking the background of the screen that will only take more time for more straightforward tasks. Manual testing is preferred in some cases. Generally, it is not recommended to use 100% automation in any case.
Grow in Your Automation Testing Career
These Automation Testing Interview Questions will help you to check the level of preparations and help you gain that extra confidence to scale new heights for your automation testing career. You can also get a solid hand at automation testing and become an Automation Test Engineer. With our Automation Test Engineer Master’s program, you can advance your career and learn top skills demanded in the industry, including GIT, Selenium, Jenkins, and JMeter to apply engineering to software development processes and build quality products.