The Difference Between Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning, and Deep Learning

The difference between Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning, and Deep Learning is that the algorithm's job is to recognize a pattern in data and execute the task in the first two. Still, in the latter, the algorithm is a program that is "designed to perform a specific task." That means that in the first two, the algorithm can learn something, and in the latter, it can be programmed to perform that same task with 100 percent certainty.

Deep learning is still a very new field, which has developed rapidly over the past decade. It started in the mid-1980s when researchers, primarily working in government and military funding, discovered massive data sets could be utilized to train algorithms and predict outcomes. With the exponential growth in data and the rise of internet access, deep learning has gained colossal adoption and brought some inspiring opportunities.

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Artificial Intelligence

Artificial intelligence is the study of designing computer systems that mimic human thinking and behavior.

Artificial intelligence in computing originated with computers controlling other computer systems. The invention of the first digital computers in the 1940s and 1950s introduced the possibility of computers achieving human-level intelligence. AI researchers theorized and researched the application of AI to solve specific tasks in the late 1950s.

In the 1960s, AI became more widespread and began being used to solve new problems. AI became a regular focus of researchers in many different areas.

Today, artificial intelligence has more applications than ever before. For example, AI is used in online search, weather prediction, online shopping, image processing, logistics, search engine optimization, robotics, and medicine.

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Machine Learning

Machine learning algorithms work only in the computer systems and systems on top of them. Deep learning algorithms work across organizations and systems.

Machine learning provides a way to make predictions and insights. The ability to make predictions and insights is key to a wide range of businesses. In healthcare, machine learning provides insurance companies with risk-based decisions about potential clients and insurance risks.

Financial services firms rely on machine learning to improve their expertise and make further recommendations to customers. The banking industry can use machine learning to make proactive changes to financial transactions. For example, machine learning can determine when a customer has requested an overdraft and provide tips on how to pay off the overdraft more quickly. Insurance companies use machine learning to decide what will make customers eligible for discounts.

Companies in various industries rely on machine learning to help customers make better choices and provide better experiences. Machine learning can identify future trends and predict things like market fluctuations. It can determine which trends are likely to become a problem and help companies prevent issues from becoming problems.

Machine learning is already creating new industries and opportunities in fields ranging from healthcare to automotive.

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Deep Learning

Deep learning is a subset of machine learning. While machine learning and deep learning are often used interchangeably, deep learning is more complex than machine learning.

Deep learning is one of the most promising forms of machine learning. It allows computer systems to make more complex and accurate predictions than machine learning and deep learning systems.

Deep learning algorithms typically work by learning a lot about the information in their inputs. Deep learning is a potent form of machine learning, as it uses a technique called sequence learning. The method starts with a sequence of examples and turns the lines into hypotheses. Based on the views, deep learning algorithms make predictions, but these predictions can either be accurate or inaccurate.

Next, deep learning algorithms have to collect more data and tweak their algorithms to learn more.

Finally, deep learning algorithms undergo a rigorous process of proving themselves to their users. Deep learning algorithms typically use deep neural networks.

Deep learning can also make new products and ideas possible. Companies can use deep learning to create new products and ideas, even if it makes the final products or ideas unlikely to become a reality.

Deep learning and deep learning algorithms are making a variety of impacts. This is where machine learning and deep learning differ. Deep learning is helping the world understand more. Machine learning is making more sense of the world around us. Deep learning is a natural trend, and deep learning may become an essential trend in the future.

What Is the Best Strategy for Implementing AI Into Your Organization?

Don't start with a data scientist. A data scientist will do the work to build the AI system, but to determine what business purpose the system should fulfill, you need someone who understands the user's needs or the interactions that occur on a day-to-day basis. For that, you need a UX or user experience expert.

I recommend finding a business person who has worked on software development and is very excited about AI. Put them in charge of setting up the technology and get them immersed in the process. That will enable them to spot challenges before they even arise. They'll also be the ones to identify the next generation of applications and tools that take advantage of AI.

The challenge you have is that, while you can hire many skilled workers, it's a tiny percentage that has the expertise in a particular area. In a sense, you need to create an environment that supports people with AI backgrounds. Companies will need to build up the talent pool, so young people will feel encouraged and able to develop creative solutions.

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Next Steps

The upcoming AI revolution will be unprecedented in the annals of humankind. On the one hand, it will improve the performance of AI and possibly even humanity. On the other hand, it will likely make life more challenging for everyone due to the expanded responsibility for AI that will fall to human intelligence. Traditional decisions about the future of AI will be replaced by a new, radical, philosophy-like concept: machines will manage AI, and humans will manage machines.

The rest of this article will explain the impending AI revolution and explain our society's choices. To put things in perspective, consider the trajectory of AI research since its beginning: From this perspective, there is no debate whatsoever about the benefits of AI, such as our ability to create, train, and sustain artificial intelligence. Indeed, according to the cost-benefit analysis of AI researchers, there is strong evidence that AI will have a substantial positive economic impact (primarily because of AI as a driver of cost savings) and likely will result in significant reductions in healthcare costs (primarily because of AI as a driver of automation). So how come we have doubts about the impact that AI will have on society?

Before I address this question, we must understand why we are unsure about this now and were not when commercial AI was introduced in the 1980s. One of the most common arguments against AI is that AI is not ready for widespread application. It is true that many pieces of research still require improvement, and it is unclear if these improvements will be achieved before AI matures to the point where these improvements are no longer necessary.

However, there are also a great many innovations that have brought about massive improvements in society, such as the industrial revolution or the introduction of modern medicine, which are widely accepted as beneficial. In each of these cases, people believed that those inventions were an enormous benefit but were also uncertain about the level of economic growth that they will yield. This hesitation in using new inventions on a wide scale was inevitable because these inventions were novel and complex. Each innovation required substantial time to mature for it to meet its potential. 

We have progressed tremendously as a civilization because of this cautious approach to novel technologies. Sure, we have had tremendous benefits, but these benefits have only been realized over many decades, not over a few years. Because of this slow accumulation of incremental improvements, we still do not know precisely what the impact of each of these technologies will be, nor are we in a position to estimate the expected benefits at this point. 

Because of this cautious approach to innovation, we have exponential progression in our abilities to solve technical problems. However, there has been a deceleration in the rate of human progress that results from material progress. Even though our material progress has increased substantially over the last several decades, this rise is not matched by corresponding gains in other areas of human flourishing, such as emotional and intellectual well-being. This delay in the pace of human progress has exacerbated the already existing problems that most people, at this time, are currently experiencing. 

I have argued elsewhere that the slow pace of technology-driven human progress will continue to be an issue for many decades to come. Despite the considerable investment in developing and testing AI systems, the technology is still far from being ready for widespread application. We still have to improve many of the same problems that existed in the past. 

I must add, however, that while some aspects of technical progress have been slow, the rate of improvement in other dimensions of human flourishing has been swift. This conclusion is confirmed by the vast body of research on the impact that AI can have on the overall state of human well-being. A large body of literature shows that some aspects of AI, such as big data, automation, and robotic technology, will significantly benefit humankind. For example, an AI system designed to make recommendations to doctors can substantially increase healthcare personalization, resulting in a substantial reduction in costs. This promise is why the future of AI, ML, and deep learning looks hopeful.

To become part of the future of AI, ML, and DL, look into the Post Graduate Program in Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning from Simplilearn in partnership with Purdue University.  This comprehensive program will give you access to Purdue’s resources as you become certified as an expert in AI and ML.

About the Author

Matthew DavidMatthew David

Matt is a Digital Leader at Accenture. His passion is a combination of solving today's problems to run more efficiently, adjusting focus to take advantage of digital tools to improve tomorrow and move organizations to new ways of working that impact the future.

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