Every project has a start and a finish, and requires the oversight and leadership of someone knowledgeable. This is why an organization needs project managers to lead the entire project from its inception to completion.
As more and more companies realize the increasing importance of project management training, there has been an increase in the need for skilled management workers to fill those roles. According to a study by the Project Management Institute, businesses will need 87.7 million individuals working in project managerial roles.
Roles and Responsibilities of the Project Manager
A project manager takes responsibility for a specific project or a number of projects within an organization. They are in charge of planning, budgeting, monitoring and reporting the project with the use of project management tools. Sometimes, they may even be required to pitch the idea of the project and lead it until its fruition.
One of the main project manager roles and responsibilities is to act as a bridge between the upper management and the people who are actually responsible for the execution of the project. They need to make sure that the project runs smoothly and stays on schedule. They also need to update the progress of the project regularly to the upper management.
Skills Required for Project Manager
There is no such thing as one general project management skill set that fits all. To lead a successful project, a project manager needs to be skilled in almost all fields - from tech to human resources, from marketing to construction and everything else in between. It is one of the most complex fields of work out there, but it sure is never a dull one.
Here are some of the most sought after skills that successful project managers need to have:
- A solid understanding of business cases and risk management processes
- Strong leadership skills
- Proven self-management and team-management skills
- Ability to monitor and control project budgets
- Capability to make decisions under pressure
A project manager also needs to have great social and communication skills as well. The project manager duties range from being a team leader, a supervisor and a co-worker, all at the same time. They will also be the first person that the team goes to whenever there are any problems regarding the project. As such, it is one of the most challenging careers, and you will need to utilize all the project management skills you have learned for every single project.
Project Manager Qualifications and Requirement
Most project managers start out their careers as software engineers, marketing experts, or even sales reps. A successful project manager usually has five or more years in a relevant field with several formal qualifications.
A project manager job description would normally include the following qualifications that a project manager needs to have:
- A bachelor's degree in IT, computer science, business management, or a related field.
- Any relevant project management related experience.
- A Project Management Professional (PMP) certification is preferred
Sample Project Manager Job Description
The project manager roles and responsibilities may differ from one project to another. In fact, it may even differ based on company size and industry. However, these are some of the most common project manager duties found in a project manager job description for any company:
- Ensure all projects are delivered on time within the stipulated scope and budget
- Lead the initiation and planning of a project and ensure technical feasibility
- Ensure resource availability and allocation
- Develop a detailed plan to monitor and track the progress of the project
- Coordinate with internal and external parties for the flawless execution of projects
- Manage relationships between clients and stakeholders
- Measure project performance using appropriate project management tools
- Perform risk management analysis to reduce project risks
- Report and escalate to upper management as and when needed
- Create and maintain a comprehensive project documentation
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Project Manager Job Description by Industry
1. Technical Project Manager Job Description
- Oversee all the technical aspects of the project
- Identify the technical resources needed for the project and source these materials from third party vendors
- Assign and monitor the work of technical personnel
- Maintain technical alignment with key stakeholders
- Ensure all technical devices or platforms used by the team are on their top shape at all times
2. Software Project Manager Job Description
- Manage the software development projects and facilitate sprint releases
- Recommend upcoming software trends and strategies to be used in the projects
- Possess a high-level understanding of computer programming languages
- Check the software projects periodically to evaluate its performance and provide updates
3. Construction Project Manager Job Description
- Collaborate with engineers, architects, and other parties included in the construction project
- Obtain actionable permits from the appropriate authorities
- Determine all the resources needed (equipment, manpower, materials) with attention to budget constraints
- Hire and allocate responsibilities to contractors, laborers, and other staff
- Supervise the work of all the laborers and provide them with guidance
- Evaluate the construction project progress and prepare reports
4. Senior Project Manager Job Description
- Lead project management teams to deliver projects that span to a number of business units
- Manage project development timelines across the company
- Resolve conflict between projects and align the work done by junior project managers and their teams
- Possess strong knowledge of project management processes, such as Scrum and Agile
Project Manager Salary
Due to the large skill sets that they possess, project managers are well-compensated for their work. The average salary for a project manager in the United States is $95,260. Those at the top 10 percent earn $164,790 per year and those at the bottom 10 percent make $56,140 per year.
The importance of project managers has led to a number of universities that offer a project management degree. However, beyond the academic route is also certification for those who want to jump straight into project manager roles across all industries.
Simplilearn’s PMP® Certification Training Course covers the latest best practices highlighted in the PMBOK guide - 6th edition, the main study resource for project management. It includes all the most important guidelines and characteristics needed for you to boost your career in project management.