CSS is the style sheet language for web page presentation and design, including colors, fonts, and layouts. CSS is a popular language used in various electronic devices, devices -from printers to large or small screens. This article will explore the CSS Box Model, which is the basics of every element on the web page.
What is the CSS Box Model?
The CSS box model is a container that contains multiple properties including borders, margin, padding, and the content itself. It is used to create the design and layout of web pages. According to the CSS box model, the web browser supplies each element as a square prism.
The following diagram illustrates the box model.
Properties of the Box Model
There are several properties in the CSS box model. They are as mentioned below:
The content area consists of content like image, text, or other forms of media content. The height and width properties help to modify the box dimensions.
The padding area is the space around the content area and within the border-box. It can be applied to all sides of the box or to the specific, selected side(s) - top, right, bottom, and/or left.
The border area surrounds the padding and the content, and can be applied to all the sides of the box or to selected side(s) - top, right, bottom, and/or left.
The margin area consists of space between the border and the margin. The margin does not possess its own background color and is completely transparent. It shows the background color of the element, like the body element.
Here is an ideal example to understand the CSS box model better.
You will get the following output:
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By completing this tutorial, you have now gained a very strong understanding of the CSS Box Model layout. The CSS box model is an integral component of design, and possessing a good working-level command over it is important to help you to better align the elements on a web page.
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