CSS Grid Layout: The Best Guide To Understand Grid Layout

Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) is a style sheet language used to describe a document written in a markup language like HTML. CSS is a foundation technology of the World Wide Web, alongside HTML and JavaScript. In this tutorial, you will understand how to use the CSS Grid Layout and its different properties.

What is CSS Grid Layout?

CSS Grid is a framework that offers a lot more freedom for developers than HTML. It allows developers to construct custom grids with more flexibility and control than ever before. In contrast to the block system, it has no layout restrictions and allows one to play around with UI elements up to one’s liking. It can also be used to position and size each element inside the grid using just CSS, and without affecting any HTML changes.

The image below shows the layout of the grid model.

grid-layout

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 Important Terminology

Grid Item 

The grid container contains the grid items. 

Grid Line

The grid line is either a vertical or horizontal grid line that makes up the structure of the grid. 

Grid Cell

The smallest unit on a grid is referred to as a Grid cell. It is the space between the two adjacent rows and columns.

Rows

The grid row is the horizontal track of the grid.

Columns

The grid column is the vertical track of the grid.

Gutter

A gutter is a space between the rows and columns in the grid.

grid-term

Grid Container

A Grid container is an element on which the display: grid property is applied. It is the direct parent of all the grid items. The items of the grid container are placed inside rows and columns.

Let’s understand the grid container better with the help of an example.

css-grid-con-html

grid-con-exam-css

  • grid-template-columns: It is used to set the size of the columns.
  • grid-template-rows: It is used to set the size of the rows.
  • grid-gap: The grid-gap property sets the gap between rows and columns.
  • The fr unit is used to create flexible grid tracks. It represents a fraction of the available space in the grid container.

grid-con-output

Repeating Grid Tracks

The repeating grid track is specified using the repeat() function. The function is useful when you have grid items of equal sizes.

grid-repeat-css

The first argument represents the number of times the track should repeat, and the second item mentions the size of the track.

grid-repeat-output

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Align-Content and Justify-Content Property

The align-content is used to align the grid along the row-axis and justify-content is used to align the grid along the column axis.

justify-content

justify-output

Browser Support

Chrome

Firefox

Safari

Opera

57.0

52.0

10

44

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Conclusion

In this article, you took a sneak peek at how the CSS grid allows you to create a responsive design and modern layouts using just CSS. You have also explored how to define layouts with CSS grids, the fr unit, the repeat function, and the important terminology regarding grids. 

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Do you have any queries or feedback for us on this CSS Grid Layout tutorial? If you do, feel free to write to us in the comments section. Our experts will review and respond to them as soon as possible.

About the Author

Aryan GuptaAryan Gupta

Aryan is a tech enthusiast who likes to stay updated about trending technologies of today. He is passionate about all things technology, a keen researcher, and writes to inspire. Aside from technology, he is an active football player and a keen enthusiast of the game.

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