How to Use Concatenate in Excel [with Syntax and Examples]

The word CONCATENATE means to join or combine. The CONCATENATE function in Excel is used to combine the text from different cells into one cell. This Excel tutorial will explain how to use the Excel CONCATENATE function with syntax and examples.

Excel CONCATENATE Function

The Excel CONCATENATE function is used to join up to 30 text items and return the result as a text. 

The syntax of the Excel Concatenate function is as follows:

Syntax: =CONCATENATE (text1, text2, [text3], ...)

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Concatenating the Values of Several Cells

The simple formula to CONCATENATE the values of two cells A2 and B2 are as follows:


The values will be combined without any delimiters.

To separate the values with space, use “ “.



Concatenating a Text String and a Cell Value

The Excel CONCATENATE function is not only limited to joining cell value. You can use the function to join a cell value and a string as well. For example:



Concatenating a Text String and Formula Calculated Value

You can also concatenate a text string and a formula calculated value. 

For example, you can use the following formula to return the current date:

=CONCATENATE("Today is ",TEXT(TODAY(), "dd-mmm-yy"))


Important Points To Remember

You should follow some rules to ensure that the CONCATENATE function always delivers the correct result.

  • There should be at least one “text” argument in the CONCATENATE function for it to work.
  • If the CONCATENATE function's arguments are invalid, the formula returns a #VALUE! Error.
  • The result of the CONCATENATE function is always a text string, even when all the source values are numbers.

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Concatenate Cells with Space, Comma, and Other Characters

In the worksheet, you may require to join the values in a way that will include commas, spaces, or various punctuation marks. To do that, follow the syntax mentioned below.

Concatenating two cells with space:


Concatenating two cells with a comma:

=CONCATENATE(A3, “, ”, B3) 

Concatenating two cells with space:

=CONCATENATE(A4, “ - “, B4)


Concatenate Columns In Excel

Concatenating the whole column at once is very easy. Just enter the formula in the first cell and then copy it down to the other cells by dragging the fill handle (the small square that appears at the lower right corner of the selected cells).


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So, in this article, we discussed how to concatenate text in our Excel worksheet. We have seen several examples of the CONCATENATE function with different syntax.

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About the Author

Aryan GuptaAryan Gupta

Aryan is a tech enthusiast who likes to stay updated about trending technologies of today. He is passionate about all things technology, a keen researcher, and writes to inspire. Aside from technology, he is an active football player and a keen enthusiast of the game.

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