The Excel Freeze Panes option allows you to lock your columns and/or rows so that when you scroll down or over to view the rest of your sheet, the column and/or row will remain on the screen.

Freeze Top Row

To freeze only the top row, execute the steps mentioned below:

  1. In the windows group, go to the View tab, and click Freeze Panes.
  2. Click Freeze Top Row.freeze

Your top row is now frozen. You can scroll down to the rest of the worksheet.

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Unfreeze Panes

To unlock all the rows and columns, follow the steps mentioned below:

  1. Go to View > Freeze Panes > Unfreeze Panes.
  2. Click on Unfreeze Panes.


Freeze First Column

You can freeze only the first column for your worksheet by following these steps:

  1. Go to View tab > Windows group > Freeze First Column.
  2. Select Freeze First Column.

first cloumn

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Freeze Rows

Excel provides you with the option to freeze multiple rows at once. To freeze the multiple rows, follow these steps: 

  1. For example, select row 5.
  2. Go to View tab > Windows group > Freeze Panes.
  3. Select Freeze Panes.


As you can see below, it freezes all the rows above row 5.


In a similar way, you can freeze multiple columns as well.

Magic Freeze Button

The magic freeze button is a shortcut to freeze the rows and columns with a single click.

To add the magic freeze shortcut to the quick access toolbar, follow these steps:

  • Click on the down arrow and click more commands.


  • Add the Freeze Panes option to the quick access toolbar and click OK.


As you can see, it adds the shortcut to your toolbar.


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In this article, we have discussed a useful function of freezing the rows and columns in Excel.

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