An aggregate function in SQL performs a calculation on multiple values and returns a single value. SQL provides many aggregate functions that include avg, count, sum, min, max, etc. An aggregate function ignores NULL values when it performs the calculation, except for the count function.

## What is an Aggregate Function in SQL?

An aggregate function in SQL returns one value after calculating multiple values of a column. We often use aggregate functions with the GROUP BY and HAVING clauses of the SELECT statement.

Various types of SQL aggregate functions are:

• Count()
• Sum()
• Avg()
• Min()
• Max()

Gain expertise in Business analytics tools ## COUNT() Function

The COUNT() function returns the number of rows in a database table.

Syntax:

COUNT(*)

or

COUNT( [ALL|DISTINCT] expression )

Example:

We will use the ‘products’ table from the sample database for our demonstration. The following SQL statement fetches the number of products in the table. This will produce the following result. The below-given command will display those product ids where the unit price is greater than 4. This will display the following result. Let's look at how we can use GROUP BY and HAVING functions with the COUNT function.

Consider the following dataset: The SQL command given below will list the number of customers in each city. This will produce the following results: #### FREE Course: Introduction to Data Analytics

Mastery to Data Analytics Basics is a Click Away! ## SUM() Function

The SUM() function returns the total sum of a numeric column.

Syntax:

SUM()

or

SUM( [ALL|DISTINCT] expression )

Example:

The following SQL statement finds the sum of the "unit price" fields in the "products" table: This will produce the following result.

Let’s look at how we can use GROUP BY and HAVING functions with the SUM function.

Consider the following dataset: The SQL command below will list the number of customers in each city, having a sum of points greater than 3000. This will produce the following result: ## AVG() Function

The AVG() function calculates the average of a set of values.

Syntax:

AVG()

or

AVG( [ALL|DISTINCT] expression )

Example:

The following SQL command calculates the average quantity in stock. This will produce the following result. ## MIN() Function

The MIN() aggregate function returns the lowest value (minimum) in a set of non-NULL values.

Syntax:

MIN()

or

MIN( [ALL|DISTINCT] expression )

Example: The above code will give us the minimum quantity in stock in the products table. ## MAX() Function

The MAX() aggregate function returns the highest value (maximum) in a set of non-NULL values.

Syntax:

AVG()

or

AVG( [ALL|DISTINCT] expression )

Example:

The code depicted below will give us the maximum quantity in stock in the products table. This will produce the following result. Gain expertise in the latest Business analytics tools and techniques with the Post Graduate Program in Business Analysis. Enroll now!

## Conclusion

The aggregate function in SQL is very powerful in the database. It serves the same purpose as their equivalents in MS Excel. In this article, we have seen several examples of aggregate functions.

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