Before the advent of cloud computing, organizations relied entirely on in-house or on-premises solutions to develop and deliver business-critical applications. Managing and maintaining an in-house IT environment involved resource-intensive deployments, including high-performance servers, specialized hardware, and software stacks, with tight security for on-premises computer systems.
Over the last decade, the business world has moved to the "cloud". In other words, enterprises have been adopting a cloud-based computing architecture to reduce their operational burden, save time, cut costs, and improve efficiency. Cloud computing services — which third-party cloud service providers typically offer — enable remote operability of applications while ensuring high availability via the internet.
Businesses have the flexibility to choose from a variety of pay-as-you-go cloud-based computing models based on their organizational requirements. Categorized into 4 types, cloud computing services include Platform as a Service (PaaS), Software as a Service (SaaS), Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS), and Functions as a Service (FaaS).
This article presents a comprehensive view of PaaS in cloud computing, including what is PaaS, PaaS definition, PaaS architecture, benefits of PaaS, and PaaS examples.
What Is PaaS?
Let's begin with what is PaaS.
PaaS, or Platform as a Service, leverages an internet-based cloud computing environment to provide complete application lifecycle support, from development to testing, deployment to management, and updating.
Platform as a Service frees organizations from the complexity and cost of acquiring and maintaining a range of tools and resources, such as AIM (Application Infrastructure Middleware), software licenses, and container orchestrators, for example, Kubernetes.
Integrating storage, servers, and networks, cutting-edge middleware, DBMS (Database Management System), and BI (Business Intelligence) services, PaaS in cloud computing enables rapid application development and deployment, be it a basic cloud-based app or a complex, enterprise-class cloud application.
In simplified terms, Platform as a Service refers to a computing service in the cloud, where third-party cloud service providers employ virtualization technology to deliver a fully loaded, high-performing development platform to application developers over an Internet connection.
PaaS in cloud computing features a virtual infrastructure that includes servers, networking equipment, storage, and database. In addition to hardware tools, PaaS also incorporates a software layer with resources that enhance development capabilities and usability.
Businesses can take advantage of a flexible pay-as-you-go approach to deploy PaaS solutions in all three cloud computing models: the private cloud, the public cloud, and the hybrid cloud. PaaS does not replace existing IT infrastructure; rather, it augments what is already in place.
In general, the PaaS architecture has three key components:
- The Cloud Infrastructure: comprising virtual machines, firewalls, networking, storage, and the operating system
- Software Tools: used for development, management, and deployment of applications
- The GUI (Graphic User Interface): simplifies workload monitoring throughout the entire lifecycle of applications.
Application developers can test, collaborate, design, develop, and roll out apps from anywhere, using the online GUI within the PaaS architecture. The GUI, or Graphic User Interface, also allows teams to streamline operations and work on multiple development projects simultaneously.
How Does PaaS Work?
PaaS in cloud computing is ideally suited for software-related product development. It is purely a development-oriented cloud computing model that cannot accommodate non-development processes, unlike other cloud solutions such as IaaS and SaaS, which serve various purposes.
Overcoming geographical barriers, the online interface of PaaS delivers a development platform with tools and resources that teams can access on the go simply by logging into the enterprise PaaS system from any Internet-enabled device. The simplicity and flexibility of the PaaS architecture give organizations more freedom to focus on business-critical issues.
Benefits of PaaS
By offering a platform as a service, PaaS in cloud computing provides a range of benefits that enable the rapid development and deployment of applications cost-effectively.
The middleware feature of PaaS, its development and BI tools, give organizations the edge they need in a competitive environment. The other key benefits of PaaS are:
- Reduced Coding Time: Platform-as-a-Service integrates high-level development tools, security features, directory services, and pre-coded app components that reduce a substantial amount of time spent on coding new applications.
- Increased Capabilities With a Smaller Workforce: PaaS in cloud computing delivers state-of-the-art tools, resources, and components that empower development teams with enhanced capabilities without businesses having to add staff to buy and maintain infrastructure.
- Development Across Multiple Platforms: Most PaaS service providers offer development options on multiple platforms, for example, mobile devices, desktop computers, and web browsers, making cross-platform application development faster and easier.
- Powerful Tools at an Affordable Price: The pay-as-you-go pricing model of PaaS in cloud computing allows enterprises to take advantage of advanced development tools, analytics software, DBMS, and BI services that many small businesses cannot afford to buy outright.
- Support for Distributed Teams: Since the PaaS development environment is accessible via the Internet, supporting distributed teams in remote locations gets a lot easier.
- Efficient Application Lifecycle Management: PaaS in cloud computing facilitates organizations with all the tools, resources, and capabilities they require to support the full lifecycle of applications, from development to testing, managing, deploying, and updating.
PaaS Use Cases
The PaaS architecture enables offloading of infrastructure management, thereby freeing up time to focus on mission-critical initiatives, such as application development, deployment, and management. Popular PaaS use cases include:
- API (Application Programming Interface) Development and Management: The in-built frameworks of PaaS in cloud computing simplify a variety of complex tasks related to developing, running, managing, and securing Application Programming Interfaces (APIs) for the sharing of functionality and data between applications.
- IoT (Internet of Things): The PaaS architecture provides advanced support for multiple programming languages, such as Python, Java, and Swift, which are widely used for developing IoT applications.
- Agile DevOps and Development: PaaS in cloud computing offers a fully-configured development environment that facilitates complete automation of the application lifecycle, which includes integration, testing, deployment, delivery, and security.
- Cloud-native Developments and Cloud Migration: With ready-to-run development tools and excellent integration capabilities, Platform as a Service streamlines application migration to the cloud via refactoring and re-platforming, which lets applications take full advantage of load balancing, scalability, and other cloud features.
- Hybrid Cloud Strategies: The hybrid cloud - composed of public cloud services, the private cloud, and on-premises IT infrastructure - enables outstanding portability, orchestration, and management of applications across all 3 platforms, which leads to the creation of a flexible and unified computing environment that developers can use to run and scale workloads on any suitable computing model. PaaS in cloud computing allows development teams to build, deploy, and manage apps in the hybrid cloud.
The PaaS architecture incorporates tools that give organizations the ability to access Business Process Management (BPM) platforms, analyze data, maintain databases, and add communication functions.
Besides simplifying application development and testing, most PaaS offerings also provide support for a range of programming languages, allowing developers to get started straight away with building applications without the need to worry about security issues, maintenance, and administration.
Some popular PaaS examples include:
- Microsoft Azure App Services
- Elastic Beanstalk from Amazon Web Services (AWS)
- Google App Engine
- Red Hat OpenShift
- IBM Cloud
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Frequently Asked Questions:
1. What is the difference between SaaS and PaaS?
With Platform as a Service, a third-party service provider offers the application stack and integrates operating systems, middleware, for instance, databases, servers, and runtimes, into a cloud environment. Google App Engine and AWS Elastic Beanstalk are top-tier PaaS products on the market today.
With Software as a Service, applications run on the service provider's infrastructure, which is managed by the SaaS vendor. Users can easily access applications over the Internet via a web browser. SaaS examples include Google Workspace, Salesforce, and Dropbox.
2. What is PaaS used for?
Enterprises are adopting the cost-effective PaaS architecture to add speed and agility to application development processes while reducing the burden of acquiring and maintaining an on-premises infrastructure.
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