Data ingestion is a critical part of any data-centric process. It's the first step in getting your data from here to there, and it's crucial to ensure you have the correct information at the right time.
The most important thing about data ingestion is knowing what kind of information will be needed by your target environment—and understanding how that environment will use that information once it arrives there.
What is Data Ingestion?
Data Ingestion is the process of importing and loading data into a system. It's one of the most critical steps in any data analytics workflow. A company must ingest data from various sources, including email marketing platforms, CRM systems, financial systems, and social media platforms.
Data scientists typically perform data ingestion because it requires expertise in machine learning and programming languages like Python and R.
Data Ingestion vs. ETL
Data ingestion and ETL are two very different processes. Data ingestion is importing data into a database or other storage engine, while ETL is extracting, transforming, and loading.
The difference between the two can be confusing due to their similar names and the fact that they often coincide.
The main difference between data ingestion and ETL is what each one does for you:
Data ingestion is a process that involves copying data from an external source (like a database) into another storage location (like a database). In this case, it's typically done without any changes to the data.
For example, if you have an Amazon S3 bucket containing some files that need to be imported into your database, then data ingestion would be required to move those files into your database location.
ETL stands for extract transform load; it's a process that involves taking data from one system and transforming it so that it can be loaded into another system for use there.
In this case, rather than just copying data from one location to another without making any changes.
Data Ingestion vs. Data Integration
Data ingestion and integration describe moving data from one system to another. Data ingestion is the process of putting data into a database, while data integration is pulling that same data out of a database and putting it back into another system.
Data integration is often necessary when you want to use one company's product with another company's product or if you want to combine your internal business processes with those of an external organization.
The difference between the two terms stems from their definitions:
1) Data Ingestion - The act or process of introducing data into a database or other storage repository. Often this involves using an ETL (extract, transform, load) tool to move information from a source system (like Salesforce) into another repository like SQL Server or Oracle.
2) Data Integration - The process of combining multiple datasets into one dataset or data model that can be used by applications, particularly those from different vendors like Salesforce and Microsoft Dynamics CRM.
Types of Data Ingestion
Data ingestion is collecting and preparing data from various sources in a data warehouse. It involves gathering, cleansing, transforming, and integrating data from disparate sources into a single system for analysis.
There are two main types of data ingestion:
- Real-time ingestion involves streaming data into a data warehouse in real-time, often using cloud-based systems that can ingest the data quickly, store it in the cloud, and then release it to users almost immediately.
- Batch ingestion involves collecting large amounts of raw data from various sources into one place and then processing it later. This type of ingestion is used when you need to order a large amount of information before processing it all at once.
Benefits of Data Ingestion
Data ingestion is a critical part of any big data project. It's the process by which you get your data into your Hadoop cluster, and it can be a complicated and challenging process. But there are plenty of benefits to be gained from ingesting your data, including:
- Accuracy: You'll be able to ensure that all the information you're working with is accurate and reliable.
- Flexibility: Once you've ingested the data, it will be easier to access, manipulate, and analyze than if you were just using it in raw form.
- Speed: If you're using Hadoop for analytics or machine learning purposes, having all your data in one place will speed up processing times significantly.
Data Ingestion Challenges
Data is a valuable resource. It's why we can make decisions and get work done; it keeps us on top of our game. But with how much data there is, how do you know what to keep and discard?
Data ingestion challenges can be divided into four categories: coding and maintenance, latency, data quality, and data capture.
Coding and maintenance are two enormous challenges that can take time to overcome. Sometimes it's easier to throw out old data than figure out how to organize it so that you can use it for future projects.
Latency is another challenge companies face when trying to ingest new data. If you're waiting too long between ingesting your data and using it in another application or process, then there may be significant delays in getting things done!
Data quality is also a challenge—how often have you had to clean up or reprocess old data because there wasn't enough information or detail? Sometimes we'll even need to go back through old files multiple times before they're ready for our purposes!
Finally, there's the problem of capturing all this information in the first place—how do we even begin collecting all this data without losing any of its required information?
Data Ingestion Tools
Data ingestion tools are the lifeblood of any organization. These software products gather and transfer structured, semi-structured, and unstructured data from source to target destinations. They automate otherwise laborious and manual ingestion processes, so organizations can spend less time moving data around and more time using it to make better business decisions.
Data is moved along a data ingestion pipeline, a series of processing steps that take data from one point to another. The pipeline might start with a database or other source for raw information, then pass through an ETL tool that cleanses and formats it before moving it on to a reporting tool or data warehouse for analysis.
The ability to ingest data quickly and efficiently is crucial for any business looking to stay competitive in today's digital economy.
Data Ingestion Framework
The data ingestion framework (DIF) is a set of services that allow you to ingest data into your database. It includes the following components:
- The data source API enables you to retrieve data from an external source, load it into your database, or store it in an Amazon S3 bucket for later processing.
- The data source API proxy provides an interface between your application and the data source API. This proxy acts as a gateway between your application and other AWS services, enabling your application to access resources such as Amazon S3 buckets without requiring credentials or further authorization details from you.
- The data source service contains all of the code required to interact with external data sources through one or more APIs using a method similar to web browsing (for example, GET requests).
Data Ingestion Best Practices
A well-designed and implemented data pipeline can take time and effort. More is needed to collect data. You need to ensure that you're collecting it in a way that will make it easy for your team to use later. Here are some best practices for gathering data:
- Collect only the data you need at each stage of the process. It will save time and money because you won't have to reprocess anything later.
- Make sure each collected data piece has an associated timestamp or unique identifier so that it can be matched up with other parts of information later on in your analysis process. It will also help ensure accuracy in your final results.
- Create a well-structured format for each piece of information so that anyone who needs access can easily find what they're looking for later on.
What if you could get a job in data analytics?
Not just any job, but the job of your dreams: using data analytics to solve real-world problems and make an impact in your organization.
It's not impossible. It's just that it takes work.
But one way of getting started is by taking Simplilearn's Data Analyst Master's Program. It's designed specifically for people who want to enter the field but have yet to gain much experience.
It will teach you everything you need to know about data analytics so that you can immediately impact your company or organization when you get out there.
1. Is data ingestion the same as ETL?
No, data ingestion is not the same as ETL.
ETL stands for extract, transform, and load. It's a process that extracts data from one system and converts it into another format to be loaded into a different design.
Data ingestion is a process that takes data in an anonymous form or format and puts it into a database or other storage system.
2. What are the two main types of data ingestion?
There are two main types of data ingestion: real-time and batch. Real-time data ingestion is when data is ingested as it occurs, and batch data ingestion is when the information is collected over time and then processed at once.
3. Why do we need data ingestion?
Data ingestion is the process of moving data from one place to another. In this case, it's from your device to our servers.
We need data ingestion because it allows us to store your data in a safe and secure location for you.
4. What is data ingestion & data processing?
Data ingestion is gathering data from external sources and transforming it into a format that a data processing system can use. Data ingestion can either be in real-time or batch mode.
Data processing is the transformation of raw data into structured and valuable information. It can include statistical analyses, machine learning algorithms, and other processes that produce insights from data.
5. What is a data ingestion example?
A data ingestion example is a process by which data is collected, organized, and stored in a manner that allows for easy access. The most common way to ingest data is through databases, which are structured to hold large amounts of information and can be accessed by multiple users at once.
6. What is API data ingestion?
API data ingestion is collecting and storing data from different sources.
It uses an API to access a database, website, or another resource. The data is then stored in a database for future use.