Research, testing, marketing, and security can all benefit significantly from databases. As relational databases, they are even more beneficial. Similar to a conventional database, a relational database also has the capacity to locate and access data in connection to other data. Data tables are the most popular way to accomplish this.

What is a Relational Database Management System?

A Relational Database Management System is referred to as RDBMS. The data is stored in relational tables. These tables have several rows and columns, also known as records and fields. A key is a common name for the unique ID that each document has. Millions of rows could exist in an RDBMS. The columns frequently include only one type of data per row, such as the names and numbers that make up the record characteristics. Because RDBMSs allow for the usage of the data in relation to other stored datasets, the majority of modern organizations, IT systems, and other programs frequently employ them.

How does RDBMS Work?

An RDBMS uses the relational database paradigm, which organizes data into tables and frequently makes it simple to add new entries and link them to existing records and tables. Each system often comprises a different number of tables, and each table has its unique primary key. Each table is identified by its main key. The table's rows each contain information for a single entry, but the table's columns provide details about each individual field.


RDBMS full form is Relational Database Management, and DBMS stands for database management systems. RDBMS and DBMS store data differently; RDBMS stores it as tables, and DBMS stores it as files.



RDBMS is software that enables the development and maintenance of tabular databases for effective data retrieval, updating, and archiving.

System software, known as DBMS, is used to create, store, manage, update, and retrieve data from databases. 

Multiple users can access databases thanks to relational database management systems. 

A single user is all that a database management system can accommodate. 

In RDBMS, normalization is enabled. In actuality, Edgar F. Codd invented it for his relational database model.

Normalization is not supported by DBMS. 

Features of Relational Database Management Systems

  • An RDBMS provides all of the data that is contained in the tables. 
  • Ensures that all information is kept as rows and columns. 
  • Allows for the primary key, which aids in the rows' individual identification. 
  • Creating an index to speed up data retrieval 
  • enables the sharing of a common column between two or more tables. 
  • Individual users have the ability to control accessibility for multiple users. 
  • To store sensitive information and make queries easier, a virtual table can be created.

What are Primary Keys and Foreign Keys in a Relational Database?

Primary Key

In a database, a primary key is a column used to identify certain rows or records. There must be a distinct key for every row. Any table attribute, such as the user's phone number or other data they submit, can serve as the primary key.

Foreign Key

The primary key of one table is referenced or linked to by a column or combination of columns known as a foreign key. It serves as a representation of the primary key of another table.

Brief History of RDBMS

E.F. Codd produced a study in 1970–1972 proposing the use of a relational database model. E.F. Codd's creation of the relational model served as the foundation for RDBMS.

Types of Relational Database Management Systems

Here is a list of several popular relational database management systems that many businesses use to keep tabs on their operations:

Both unstructured data and a variety of computer languages are supported by this software. 

  • MySQL 

Popular free, open-source database MySQL has features for structured data. This is combined with other web-based technologies by many enterprises. 

An independent, zero-configuration SQL database engine powers this free, widely used database.

Benefits of Using RDBMS

  • Facilitates data sharing more efficiently and speeds up the creation of new apps. 
  • It is compatible with straightforward data structures like tables or relations. 
  • Limit data repetition or redundant information. 
  • It provides improved integrity since it prevents data inconsistencies by keeping data in a single location. 
  • As it offers physical data independence, users are not required to be aware of underlying objects. 
  • Offer logical database independence, allowing users to access data in a variety of ways.

Tips for Implementing an RDBMS

One of the most crucial aspects of using a relational database is its functionality. Another is its accuracy. To accomplish your desired outcomes, be careful to apply the correct relational database functions (RDBF). An individual object in a relational database, for instance, should never be referred to by the function id. You should substitute the name of the function.


Relational databases store data in tables and have the capacity to save large amounts of data with set relations, making them easier to access and superior to other databases. 

Simplilearn’s Big Data Engineering Course is perfect program if you are looking at starting a new career in Big Data or even if you are looking to join a new role within your organization. Upskilling is a great way to ensure that you keep growing and keeping up with the ever-changing world of technology.

Want to begin your career as a Data Engineer? Check out the Data Engineering Course and get certified.


1. What is a relational database, with example?

A relational database is a repository of data that arranges data points into well-defined relationships for quick access. You may be familiar with the relational DBMS idea as it applies to databases like SQL, MySQL, and Oracle.

2. What is Relational Database Management System, and describe its features?

A row-based table structure that links similar data components is used to store data in an RDBMS, a form of a database management system. 

Create, read, update, and delete operations are the most fundamental RDBMS operations. They serve as the cornerstone of a well-structured system that encourages consistent handling of data.

3. What is the meaning of RDMS?

A typical sort of database that saves information in tables so that it can be utilized in conjunction with other datasets that have been stored is a relational database management system.

4. What are the 4 types of DBMS?

  • Relational database.
  • Object oriented database.
  • Hierarchical database.
  • Network database.

5. What are advantages of RDBMS?

  • Easy access to data
  • Data accuracy
  • Data integrity
  • Normalization
  • High Security 

6. What are functions of DBMS?

  • Integration of data
  • Separation of data
  • Controlling data
  • Retrieving data
  • Protection of data

Our Big Data Courses Duration And Fees

Big Data Courses typically range from a few weeks to several months, with fees varying based on program and institution.

Program NameDurationFees
Post Graduate Program in Data Engineering

Cohort Starts: 25 Apr, 2024

8 Months$ 3,850

Learn from Industry Experts with free Masterclasses

  • Skyrocket Your Cloud Architect Career to New Heights in 2024 with Simplilearn's MP

    Cloud Computing

    Skyrocket Your Cloud Architect Career to New Heights in 2024 with Simplilearn's MP

    28th Feb, Wednesday9:00 PM IST
  • Test Webinar: Simulive

    Big Data

    Test Webinar: Simulive

    13th Oct, Friday5:00 PM IST
  • Step Into the Sunlight: Cloud Computing and DevOps Work in the Post-COVID Era

    Cloud Computing

    Step Into the Sunlight: Cloud Computing and DevOps Work in the Post-COVID Era

    14th Jul, Tuesday9:00 PM IST