HTML vs. CSS: The Best Guide to Understand the Difference

Want to know the real deal about HTML and CSS? HTML and CSS are scripting languages used to create a web page and web applications. HTML provides web page structure, whereas CSS is mainly used to control web page styling. This article will discuss the significant differences between HTML and CSS.

In this article, we will discuss the following topics: 

  • What is HTML?
  • What is CSS?
  • Difference between HTML and CSS
  • Example

What Is HTML?

HTML or HyperText Markup Language is used for creating web applications and websites. Below, we break the expansion down for better understanding:

  • HyperText: HyperText or “text wrapped within a text.” is very similar to a hyperlink, but contains an underlying text which, when clicked, initiates a redirection to a new webpage.
  • Markup language: A markup language needn’t be a programming language, but helps in applying formatting and layout to a text document. It helps create a more dynamic and interactive text content.

What Is CSS?

  • Cascading Style Sheets, fondly referred to as CSS, is a simple design language intended to simplify the process of making web pages presentable.
  • CSS is designed to enable the separation of document content from document presentation, including elements such as font, layout, and colors.
  • The style definitions are usually saved in external .css files.

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Difference Between HTML and CSS

HTML

CSS

HTML is a markup language used to create static web pages and web applications.

CSS is a style sheet language responsible for the presentation of documents written in a markup language.

Consists of tags surrounding content. For Example: 

<p>Welcome to Simplilearn</p>

Consists of selectors succeeded by a declaration mark. For Example:

header{

background-color: green;

HTML cannot be used in a CSS file.

CSS can be used in an HTML file.

It is used to build the structure of the web pages.

It is used to make web pages more presentable.

Example

You can find below an example of how both HTML and CSS file looks like:

html-example-html-vs-css

The page will look like the image depicted below without the use of CSS:

output-html

Now let’s style the page using CSS and observe how a CSS file changes the look of a webpage:

css

output-css

Pros and Cons of HTML

Pros

Cons

HTML is easy enough to write.

It can create only static and plain pages.

Every browser supports HTML language.

The security features in comparison aren't very good in HTML.

It’s easy to learn and use.

It isn’t as flexible as other web page developers like Dreamweaver.

It is fast to download because the text is compressible.

It has very limited styling capabilities.

Pros and Cons of CSS

Pros

Cons

CSS can set and update styles for many documents at once.

It is vulnerable.

No additional network requests to retrieve style information.

CSS is not yet uniformly supported by the browser.

CSS saves lots of time.

Confusion due to its many levels.

Easy maintenance is present. 

Slower page load time.

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Conclusion

HTML and CSS are used for ease of creation of desirable web documents. After comparing HTML vs CSS over different factors, it can be concluded that both the language is necessary for creating attractive web pages.

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If you have any questions for us, please share them with us in the comments section, and our experts will answer them promptly. 

About the Author

Aryan GuptaAryan Gupta

Aryan is a tech enthusiast who likes to stay updated about trending technologies of today. He is passionate about all things technology, a keen researcher, and writes to inspire. Aside from technology, he is an active football player and a keen enthusiast of the game.

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