Since its introduction in 2014, XGBoost has become the machine learning algorithm of choice for data scientists and machine learning engineers. It's an open-source library that can train and test models on large amounts of data. It has been used in many domains, from predicting ad click-through rates to classifying high-energy physics events.

XGBoost is particularly popular because it's so fast, and that speed comes at no cost to accuracy!

What is XGBoost Algorithm?

XGBoost is a robust machine-learning algorithm that can help you understand your data and make better decisions.

XGBoost is an implementation of gradient-boosting decision trees. It has been used by data scientists and researchers worldwide to optimize their machine-learning models.

What is XGBoost in Machine Learning?

XGBoost is designed for speed, ease of use, and performance on large datasets. It does not require optimization of the parameters or tuning, which means that it can be used immediately after installation without any further configuration.

XGBoost Features

XGBoost is a widespread implementation of gradient boosting. Let’s discuss some features of XGBoost that make it so attractive.

  • XGBoost offers regularization, which allows you to control overfitting by introducing L1/L2 penalties on the weights and biases of each tree. This feature is not available in many other implementations of gradient boosting.
  • Another feature of XGBoost is its ability to handle sparse data sets using the weighted quantile sketch algorithm. This algorithm allows us to deal with non-zero entries in the feature matrix while retaining the same computational complexity as other algorithms like stochastic gradient descent.
  • XGBoost also has a block structure for parallel learning. It makes it easy to scale up on multicore machines or clusters. It also uses cache awareness, which helps reduce memory usage when training models with large datasets.
  • Finally, XGBoost offers out-of-core computing capabilities using disk-based data structures instead of in-memory ones during the computation phase.

Master Deep Learning, NLP, Networks & Much More!

Caltech AI & Machine Learning BootcampExplore Program
Master Deep Learning, NLP, Networks & Much More!

XgBoost Formula

XgBoost is a gradient boosting algorithm for supervised learning. It's a highly efficient and scalable implementation of the boosting algorithm, with performance comparable to that of other state-of-the-art machine learning algorithms in most cases.

Following is the XGBoost formula:

Why XGBoost?

XGBoost is used for these two reasons: execution speed and model performance.

Execution speed is crucial because it's essential to working with large datasets. When you use XGBoost, there are no restrictions on the size of your dataset, so you can work with datasets that are larger than what would be possible with other algorithms.

Model performance is also essential because it allows you to create models that can perform better than other models. XGBoost has been compared to different algorithms such as random forest (RF), gradient boosting machines (GBM), and gradient boosting decision trees (GBDT). These comparisons show that XGBoost outperforms these other algorithms in execution speed and model performance.

What Algorithm Does XGBoost Use?

Gradient boosting is a ML algorithm that creates a series of models and combines them to create an overall model that is more accurate than any individual model in the sequence.

It supports both regression and classification predictive modeling problems.

To add new models to an existing one, it uses a gradient descent algorithm called gradient boosting.

Gradient boosting is implemented by the XGBoost library, also known as multiple additive regression trees, stochastic gradient boosting, or gradient boosting machines.

XGBoost Benefits and Attributes

XGBoost is a highly portable library on OS X, Windows, and Linux platforms. It's also used in production by organizations across various verticals, including finance and retail.

XGBoost is open source, so it's free to use, and it has a large and growing community of data scientists actively contributing to its development. The library was built from the ground up to be efficient, flexible, and portable.

You can use XGBoost for classification, regression, ranking, and even user-defined prediction challenges! You can also use this library with other tools like H2O or Scikit-Learn if you want to get more out of your model-building process.

Artificial Intelligence Engineer

Your Gateway to Becoming a Successful AI ExpertView Course
Artificial Intelligence Engineer


If you want to stand out in the AI and Machine Learning industry, look no further than this.

The Professional Certificate Program in AI and Machine Learning is a joint effort between Purdue University and IBM, and it's designed after Simplilearn's Bootcamp learning model. The program will help you become a certified expert in AI and Machine Learning, which means that you'll be able to achieve the most remarkable results in your industry while elevating your expertise.


1. What is the use of XGBoost?

The main reasons why you should consider using XGBoost are:

  • It is more efficient than other machine-learning algorithms
  • It allows you to handle large datasets easily

2. What is XGBoost, and how does it work?

XGBoost is a powerful open-source tool for machine learning. It's designed to help you build better models and works by combining decision trees and gradient boosting.

3. Is XGBoost a classification or regression?

XGBoost is a classification algorithm. It's designed for problems where you have a bunch of training data that can be used to create a classifier, and then you have new data that you want to classify.

4. Is XGBoost boosting algorithm?

XGBoost is a boosting algorithm.

It takes in training data, uses it to train a model, and then evaluates the model on new data. This process repeats until the model stops improving.

5. How do you explain XGBoost in an interview?

XGBoost is a robust algorithm that can help you improve your machine-learning model's accuracy. It's based on gradient boosting and can be used to fit any decision tree-based model.

The way it works is simple: you train the model with values for the features you have, then choose a hyperparameter (like the number of trees) and optimize it so that your model has the highest possible accuracy.

6. How is XGBoost different from Random Forest?

XGBoost is a boosting algorithm that uses bagging, which trains multiple decision trees and then combines the results. It allows XGBoost to learn more quickly than other algorithms but also gives it an advantage in situations with many features to consider.

Random Forest is a classification algorithm that uses decision trees as its base learning model. The underlying assumption of Random Forest is that each tree will make different mistakes, so combining the results of multiple trees should be more accurate than any single tree.

About the Author


Simplilearn is one of the world’s leading providers of online training for Digital Marketing, Cloud Computing, Project Management, Data Science, IT, Software Development, and many other emerging technologies.

View More
  • Disclaimer
  • PMP, PMI, PMBOK, CAPM, PgMP, PfMP, ACP, PBA, RMP, SP, and OPM3 are registered marks of the Project Management Institute, Inc.
  • *According to Simplilearn survey conducted and subject to terms & conditions with Ernst & Young LLP (EY) as Process Advisors