PRINCE2 Project Management Methodology
Purpose of Organization Theme
The purpose of Organization theme is to define and establish the project’s structure of accountabilities and responsibilities. This theme is based on the principle of Defined Roles and Responsibilities.
PRINCE2 is based on a customer/supplier environment. It assumes that there will be a customer who will specify the desired result and probably pay for the project and a supplier who will provide the resources and skills to deliver that result.
Let’s discuss the definition of an organization in the next screen.
This is one of the most important PRINCE2 themes. People are required to perform the project activities and so it is essential to define the project organization structure beforehand.
Let us study the key definitions associated with Organization. To understand PRINCE2 methodology, these definitions have to be remembered and understood.
Program is a temporary organizational structure created to coordinate, direct and oversee the implementation of a set of related projects and activities to deliver the outcomes and benefits related to the organization’s strategic objectives.
Program has a longer life than a single project. A project can be a standalone entity or be a part of a program of related projects.
Let us continue our discussion of the definitions in the following screen.
Project is a temporary organization created for delivering one or more business products according to the agreed business case.
PRINCE2 does not define management jobs to be allocated to people on a one-to-one basis. It defines roles, each of which is defined by an associated set of responsibilities.
Roles might be shared or combined according to the project’s needs but the responsibilities must always be allocated.
Let’s look into the three project interests in the next screen.
Three Project Interests
PRINCE2® defines a project as a temporary organization that is created for the purpose of delivering one or more business products according to an agreed Business Case. The PRINCE2® principle of defined roles and responsibilities states that a PRINCE2® project will always have three primary categories of stakeholder. As seen in the image on the screen, they are Business, User and Supplier. The reason for undertaking a project is to introduce change to meet the current business challenges.
We will continue our discussion on the three project interests in the following screen.