SAP was formed in Walldorf, Germany, in 1972. They provide software solutions for the administration of corporate operations and the management of customer interactions. Considering that SAP professions provide well-paying and fulfilling work for SAP technical abilities, it's no wonder that the area has been more saturated with talent. You will discover a compilation of the most popular SAP interview questions and in-line responses to those questions in this article. 

1. What is an ERP system?

Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) is a computer-based tool for efficiently managing a company's resources. It facilitates the flow of information between different departments of an organization and organizes processes.

2. What are the various ERP types?

The various types of ERP are as under:

  • Siebel
  • Peoplesoft
  • Microsoft Dynamics
  • SAP
  • Baan
  • JD Edwards

3. Explain SAP to me in a nutshell

SAP is among the most prominent providers of software solutions for the administration of business operations in the world. The company develops solutions that enable efficient data handling and the movement of information between organizations. System Analysis Program Development was the original name of the corporation, which was eventually shortened to SAP when it was established in 1972.

4. SAP products

  • SAP R/3

It is an ERP industry leader and is the successor of SAP R/2. The term "R/3" refers to a three-tier architecture, which consists of a presentation layer, a logic layer, and a data layer. It encompasses almost all company departments owing to its multiple modules, which include SD, FI, HR, and others.

  • mySAP

It is a collection of SAP products that, in addition to SAP R/3, also consists of SRM, CRM, PLM, and SCM.

5. What exactly is NetWeaver?

NetWeaver is a program that allows you to connect numerous business operations and databases. SAP AG developed NetWeaver, which allows for the integration of data and operations from several locations.

If you use NetWeaver, one of the benefits is that you will have access to SAP data through mobile devices as well as the web (using the HTTP protocol). As a result, you may reduce the expenses associated with educating users on the SAP Client-side GUI.

6. List the various SAP modules.

Listed below are the various modules of SAP: 

  • BW (Business Warehousing)
  • CO(Controlling)
  • EC (Enterprise Controlling)
  • FI (Financial Accounting)
  • HR (Human Resource)
  • IM (Investment Management)
  • MM (Materials Management)
  • PM (Plant Maintenance)
  • PP (Production Planning)
  • QM – Quality Management
  • SD (Sales and Distribution)
  • TR(Treasury)

In addition to the ever-expanding number of modules shown above, SAP also offers a wide variety of solutions that are tailored to certain industries.

7. What exactly are Meta data, master data, and transaction data?

  • Metadata 

The term "metadata" refers to information about data. It provides information on the organizational structure of data as well as MetaObjects.

  • Master data 

This data consists of essential pieces of company information such as details on customers, employees, and resources, among other things. In the event that a customer purchases 10 pieces of your product, instead of repeatedly requesting the client's delivery address, the same information may be accessed from the Consumer Master Data.

  • Transaction data 

This information pertains to the typical business dealings that take place.

8. Is SAP a type of database?

No. In reality, SAP is a program that utilizes databases from Oracle, Microsoft SQL Server, and others.

9. Is there a limit to how many SAP sessions you may work on at once?

At any one moment, the maximum number of sessions that you may work on for a specific customer is six.

10. In SAP terminology, what exactly is a transaction?

When referring to an SAP transaction, the phrase simply means a set of interconnected dialogue stages.

11. Can we operate a company warehouse without using SAP R/3?

A business warehouse can, in fact, function well even without R/3 installation. You may either link your raw data and other sources of information by transferring structures that are connected with commercial warehousing data sources (ODS tables, Info cubes), to the incoming data files; alternatively, you can utilize tools that are provided by a third party.

12. Explain what you mean by “Datasets.”

The data sets are organized in a sequential fashion inside files that are handled by the application server. They are used in the SAP system for the management of files.

13. What exactly are the variables?

Variables are components of a query established in the measurement query specification; however, they are not populated with information until the results are put into the workbooks.

14. Mention the several categories of variables

Variables used in various applications include:

  • Characteristics variable
  • Formulas
  • Hierarchies
  • Hierarchy nodes
  • Processing Types
  • Replacement Path
  • Text
  • User entry/default type

15. Mention some of SAP's drawbacks

Some of the setbacks of SAP include: 

  • It is costly.
  • Requires highly skilled personnel
  • Protracted implementation period
  • Interfaces are rather complicated.
  • Does not identify the location of master data

16. Specify where t-code names and programme values are kept. How can one get a complete list of SAP t-codes?

You may use the st11 transaction code to inspect the TSTC transaction table, and the se93 transaction code will let you construct a new t-code for usage in the system.

17. Explain the distinction between OLAP and data mining.

  • OLAP

The acronym OLAP stands for "Online Analytical Processing," and it refers to a reporting tool that may be set up to comprehend the structure, dimensions, and information that make up your database.

  • Data Mining 

Exploring data with the goal of identifying repeatable patterns or logical connections between different variables is known as Data Mining.

18. What are the three steps involved in data mining?

The process of data mining consists of three parts.

  1. Initial Investigation
  2. Constructing a scale model
  3. Deployment

19. Describe the R/3 system's many tiers.

Included among the R/3 system's distinct tiers are

  • Presentation Stack
  • Database stack
  • Implementation stack

20. Describe the procedure for creating a table in the data dictionary.

You need to go through this stage in order to construct a record in the database structure.

  • Making new domains available
  • Developing datasets
  • Making table layouts 

21. Mention what AWB is.

It is an acronym for Administrator Workbench. It is a framework for assessing, regulating, and sustaining all the operations linked with data storage and execution in financial data warehousing.

22. Explain what Bex is.

"Bex" stands for "Business Explorer." The end-user may search for reports, examine data, read reports, and run queries owing to this tool's many features. The queries that are in the workbook may be stored in the Bex browser in the categories that are appropriate for them.  It comprises the following elements: the Bex site, the Bex analyzer, and the Bex Map.

23. Mention the significance of ODS in BIW.

A document-level ODS object stores debugged and aggregated transaction data. It's a way of describing a collection of data that has been compiled from many sources. Either an Infoset query or a Bex query may be used in order to analyze the contents of this dataset.

24. Explain the distinction between domain and data element.

  • Data element 

It is a kind of object that sits in between the domain and the table type.

  • Domain 

It specifies features like length and type, as well as the potential value ranges.

25. What are the distinctions between Set and Get parameters?

Values must first be "Set" into a global memory region, and then "Get" from that memory area using parameter IDs. When using the online application, you will need to "Set" values for display fields before you can "get" those values for display fields.

26. Explain simply what ALE, IDOC, EDI, and RFC Are.

ALE stands for Application Linking enabling.

EDI stands for Electronic data interchange.

IDOC stands for Intermediary documents.

RFC stands for Remote function call.

27. Explain what LUW (Logical Unit of Work) is.

The LUW refers to the period of time in which system entries are changed, either by committing or rolling back changes.

28. Mention the acronym for BDC. how many BDC strategies exist?

The abbreviation "BDC" refers to "Batch Data Communication." The procedures of BDC are as follows:

  • Direct Input Method
  • Batch Input Session Method
  • Call transaction Method

29. Clarify your definition of one-time vendors.

There are some sectors of the economy in which it is not feasible to generate fresh master records for each and every vendor or trade partner. The one-time vendor feature permits the use of a fake vendor code during invoice submission. Additionally, the information that would typically be saved inside the vendor master is entered directly into the invoice itself.

30. What are the typical phases of the SAP payment run?

SAP's typical phases include the following when doing the SAP Payment Run:

  • Parameterization Input

This requires the input of corporate codes, vendor accounts, various forms of payment, and so on.

  • Planning for a Proposal

A list of bills that need to be paid is suggested by the system.

  • Reservation Costs

The process of entering the real transactions into the ledger

  • Payment Forms are Printed

The printing of forms for making payments

31. Explain the distinction between the “Residual payment” and “Partial payment” strategies for distributing funds in accounts receivable.

Among the differences between a partial payment and the residual payment are:

Partial Payment 

Suppose invoice A456 is issued for $200, and the buyer pays $140. After deducting the partial payment from the invoice, a balance of $60 is left.

Residual Payment 

During the time that the customer is receiving residual payments, invoice number A456 is paid in full, clearing the way for the production of a new financial statement that accounts for the outstanding amount of $60.

32. Tell us about the several types of databases: Internal, check, value, and transparent.

  • Internal 

It is the common data type object, and its only existence is at the time that the program is being executed.

  • Check 

Examining the table will include verifying each field individually.

  • Value 

Checking of the value table will take place at the domain level.

  • Transparent 

The transparent database will have the same architecture and columns in both the dictionary and the database.

33. What are SAP R/3's application, Interface, and Database Servers?

The message server and the application server make up the R/3 system's application layer. Application servers are used to execute R/3 applications. The message server is used by application servers to interact with interface modules, the databases, and with each other. All of the information is kept in one place, which is a specialized kind of server called a database server.

SAP Interview Questions for Experienced

34. What does SAP code pushdown entail?

Data-intensive computations are sent to the underlying database through code pushdown. There will be no need to save all computations in the database; just those that are absolutely necessary will be included. You don't have to use a loop to calculate the total of all invoice places if you just want to discover the invoice amounts in a single location, for example. This may be accomplished with ease by utilizing a database aggregation method.

35. What does SAP S/4HANA consist of?

The SAP S/4HANA enterprise resource planning (ERP) software package is built on the SAP HANA, and it gives businesses the ability to make ERP trades and perform real-time analysis of their business data.

S/4HANA is more user- and administrator-friendly than its predecessors, making it ideal for complicated problem solutions and the management of large amounts of data simultaneously. Along with the fact that it may be deployed on-premises, in the cloud, or in a hybrid environment, SAP is pressuring its clients to switch to the cloud deployment model.

Organizations use SAP S/4HANA primarily for the purpose of real-time integration and management of business operations such as selling, accounting, sourcing, human resource management, and support, as well as production.

36. Explain the differences between the SAP S/4HANA On-premises and S/4HANA Cloud deployments.

Attributes

S/4HANA On-premises

S/4HANA Cloud

Licensing model



It utilizes the Traditional licensing model, which requires the payment of an up-front cost in addition to an annual fee for software maintenance by an organization in order to get the program.

An organization will pay a monthly or quarterly subscription fee to use the software.

The paradigm for infrastructure and operational support

The client is in charge of installation and management, and they do it with the assistance of their own dedicated IT personnel.

Both the system and its maintenance are provided by SAP.

Methodology for putting things into action



Highly specific needs in terms of business procedures and personalization.

Setup based on predefined best practices, with very little room for specialization.

Focus on the job at hand

SAP Ariba and SAP JAM networks, as well as SAP Hybris Marketing connection, are all part of the whole ERP scope. 

SAP field-glass, compatibility with SAP SuccessFactors Workforce, SAP JAM and SAP Ariba ecosystem, and SAP Hybris Marketing connectivity.

The rapidity of technological change

Innovation pace, scheduled downtimes, and system modifications are all at the customer's discretion.

Customers are automatically included in quarterly updates to innovative technology.

37. How many SAP modules are available? 

The following is a list of the many SAP Modules available:

  • BW (Business Warehousing)
  • CO (Controlling)
  • EAM (Enterprise Asset Management)
  • EC (Enterprise Controlling)
  • FI (Financial Accounting)
  • HR (Human Resource)
  • IM (Investment Management)
  • MM (Materials Management)
  • PP (Production Planning)
  • QM (Quality Management)
  • SD (Sales and Distribution)TR(Treasury)

In addition to this, SAP also offers a wide variety of additional solutions that are specifically tailored to particular industries.

38. Describe the SAP portal

  • The SAP Enterprise Portal (SAP EP) gives users web-based accessibility that is tailored to their responsibilities, as well as secure access to all of the operations, resources, and products that are hosted inside SAP infrastructures. The only thing that's required of workers is a desktop computer and a web application, and they may go to work as soon as they've authenticated themselves via the portal. Gateway, Connectivity, and Organizational Learning are all components of NetWeaver that are included in this product. Additionally, pre-defined material is made available by the SAP system. At the moment, the portfolio consists of more than one hundred business bundles, each of which may be delivered in a variety of dialects.
  • The ability to utilize many Java Server Pages (JSP) at the same time is the most significant benefit of using this platform. Each view may be a JSP section or a website link that interacts with the J2EE server, allowing you to manage several projects on the same page.
  • Additionally, it may be utilized with non-platform-specific software. It may be used to manage a wide range of programs, including Microsoft Outlook and others.

39. Describe the SAP launchpad

The SAP launchpad makes it easier to access a corporate solution that provides a launchpad site that is both personalized and based on the user's activity. This service will make it possible for an organization to build a centralized location for SAP, custom-made apps, third-party services, and other types of software, both on-premises and in the cloud.

The following capabilities are made available by the SAP Launchpad service:

  • The Integration of Applications

It offers a centralized entry point for apps and tasks, with endless integration to a variety of user interface methods and third-party software programs.

  • A User Experience That Is Both Easy to Use and Interesting

In addition to providing a customized and role-based launchpad, it also provides a data structure that is adaptable and adheres to the SAP Fiori 3 design criteria.

  • Integration Services

Integration with core SAP BTP services, such as email and cloud identity services, is a feature of this product.

  • Adaptability

It is regarded as an extendable foundation for alterations that may be accomplished with the assistance of shell extensions and personalized branding.

40. How do we make an Online Analytical Processing (OLAP) link in CMC?

It is possible to link a BEX query using a BICS connection, which is sometimes referred to as an OLAP connection, beginning with SAP BO 4.0. The OLAP connection may be created and saved with the assistance of the Central Management Console or the Information Design Tool. 

If the connectivity is going to be used only for a single Cube, Search, or Multi-provider, then it will be formed in the base of either the search term or the cube. In the event that this does not occur, a relationship will be established on the BI platform that may be used to establish a link to any BEx query. The fact that just a single OLAP connectivity is necessary for all BO reports is one of the benefits of creating connections on the business intelligence server.

41. What exactly is a posting key?

When a transaction is put into a line item, the posting key, a two-digit numeric code, is used to identify the kind of transaction that was made. It decides the sorts of accounts, the structure of the input screens, and the different kinds of posting. When publishing specific transactions to the general ledger, special posting keys might be of assistance.

Examples of posting keys circumstances include the following:

  • You will be granted permission to use the regular posting and will be allowed to edit or modify it in accordance with the requirements imposed by the business organization. The conventional SAP system is the one responsible for delivering the typical posting key.
  • Using SAP-provided posting keys, you may manage the document items in a given line item.
  • It determines whether the money should be posted to the credit or debit side of the account.

42. What exactly is an Information model?

In order to make data modeling simpler for corporate customers with just a functional understanding of a repository but no technical background, information models such as Attribute, Analytic, and Calculation models are often used. Hence, the information model is able to disguise its complexity while still providing satisfactory results for users that run queries on it.

Information models may be:

  • Utilized for the purpose of transforming a regular pattern into a structure with several aspects without requiring technical expertise.
  • The process of converting the source data, which are presented in tables, into a structure that is comprehensible to a company.
  • Make effective advantage of the available hardware advances in HANA.
  • By establishing information models inside of HANA DB, it is feasible to cut down on the amount of data that is sent between the protocol stack and the database.
  • Having both complex logic and transformations that are carried out at the database layer.

43. What is the definition of a transactional RFC?

Transactional RFC, also known as Transactional Remote Function Call, enables the retrieval of a previously made request in the event that it was incorrectly entered into the system. This takes place once the transaction process, also known as TID, has been assigned a unique identifier. Access to the distant system is not required right now in the Transaction RFC, so don't worry about it.

44. What benefits can SQL script provide?

SQL scripts are more convenient to work with since they may be stored and loaded anytime it is necessary to do so.

  • There are no instructions that are typed manually, thus there is no room for human mistakes in the process. This helps to lower the overall error rate.
  • We have the option of running the SQL script at a time that is more convenient for us or when there is no one else around to do it.
  • A local variable may be defined inside of a SQL script in order to save the intermediate result.
  • Table types that may be used as arguments in a SQL statement can be defined locally or globally.

45. What are the most frequent transit mistakes?

Among the most prevalent transportation mishaps are:

  • Return code 4

Rows or columns are missing from the data when it is imported, and warnings are sent.

  • Return code 8

Errors in the import process include program creation, syntax, glossary activation, and more.

  • Return code 12

It indicates that the import was halted due to the absence of an item, an inactive object, or anything similar.

  • Return code 18

Due to the expired user or system downtime, and restricted roles or authorization, it implies the import has been terminated.

46. What exactly are .sca files?

.sca files are important in the installation of elements, Java upgrades, as well as many other java advancements in the format of .sda, .jar, .war, and .sca files.

47. What products does SAP offer?

There are several SAP products that fall into various categories. SAP products include

  • Ariba

It is an interesting approach that is hosted in the cloud, and it enables customers and sellers to communicate with one another in order to conduct business on a unified platform. It has simplified business operations, which has led to an improvement in the company's overall system for managing vendors. These improvements have resulted in cost savings for the firm. Your purchasing, supplier management, and contractual management procedures will all undergo a digital transformation owing to Ariba.

  • SuccessFactors

SuccessFactors is a cloud-based human resources management system that makes it simpler for businesses to handle various HR tasks. The SaaS paradigm provides the foundation for the SuccessFactors platform. It was primarily developed with the purpose of catering to the requirements of enterprise-level businesses.

  • Fieldglass

It is hosted in the cloud and comes along with an open VMS, both of which assist businesses in managing, finding, paying, and engaging vendors, among other things. Using SAP Cloud Platform Interface, SAP Process Management, or web applications, SAP Fieldglass is able to integrate into an unlimited capacity with on-premise SAP applications.

  • Concur

You will be able to relate all of your spending on transportation, expenditures, and seller bank statements in a unified system with the assistance of SAP Concur solutions. This will be accomplished by offering a single technique to gather greater transaction permeability, manage spending from inception to delivery, promote compliance, and simplify processes for everyone.

  • Fiori

A new user interface has been implemented across all SAP software packages. It comes with a collection of programs that are used in routine company operations. Some examples of these applications are financial applications, process authorization programs, information processing software, computation systems, and self-service implementations. They provide access that is not only straightforward but also intuitive across mobile devices, desktop computers, and tablets.

Frequently Asked Questions

1. How can I best prepare for the SAP interview?

It should come as no surprise that the market for talent is becoming more competitive, given that SAP-based employment prospects provide greater compensation and attractive perks to those who possess the required technical aptitude. The following are some things to consider while preparing for the interview questions about SAP:

  • Investigate the Position.
  • Do your homework on the firm.
  • Determine the anticipated format for the interview.
  • Do your homework on the interviewer(s).
  • Get some questions ready for the people who will be interviewing you.
  • Before you come in for the interview, make sure you carefully go through your resume.
  • Give some examples of your work together with any references or exhibitions.
  • Get your mind in the game.
  • Conclude on a solid note.

If you prepare yourself well on the aforementioned themes, there is little doubt that you will have no trouble succeeding in the SAP interview.

2. How many rounds of interviews does SAP India conduct?

In most cases, there will be four stages involved in the interview process at SAP India, and they are as follows:

  • Online Exam
  • Technical interview
  • Interview with a Manager
  • Interview with HR

The interview process will often be the same for both inexperienced applicants and those with many years of experience. However, if you are applying for a particularly significant post or your degree of expertise dictates it, you will have to go through two or even more stages of technical screenings before moving on to the HR assessment.

3. Are SAP Labs and SAP India interchangeable?

Not at all. SAP Labs India is a subsidiary of SAP's R&D division, and it is in charge of all software maintenance for the company. However, SAP India is a commercial branch and is in charge of SAP software consultation and installation for several customers.

4. What is the SAP curriculum?

There are many different kinds of functional modules that make up SAP, which is a fairly wide field. When signing up for an SAP class, you need to have a clear idea of the subject matter you want to concentrate on and become an expert in. You have the option to get your SAP Certification either as a component of a degree program or by taking a course on its own. A person who has completed the SAP Course will have the ability to develop input displays, retrieve data tables, and create data warehouses. There are several other applications that are compatible with this SAP software, but SAP ERP is by far the most widely used of all of them.

5. How can I get a position at SAP?

The market for SAP software is now more cutthroat than ever. Many times, businesses may have more than one applicant to choose from for any particular SAP job. Therefore, We have compiled a list of a few pointers that might be competitive and increase your likelihood of getting chosen for SAP employment.

  • Connect with coworkers who work with SAP technology.
  • Keep abreast of the latest SAP advancements.
  • Contact reputable SAP recruiting firms.
  • Ensure that your resume highlights all of your key SAP-related abilities.

6. In India, what is the average compensation for SAP developers?

Annual compensation of around 5 Lakhs Indian Rupees is considered to be typical for an SAP Developer in India. There is a disparity in pay not only between individuals working in the same firm but also between those working in different locations within the same organization.

Learn SAP With Simplilearn 

In order to be considered for any specialized task, young graduates looking for SAP job positions just need to be familiar with the theory and fundamental ideas. However, an experienced applicant has to be familiar with both the application part and the practical concepts involved. If you are an experienced applicant, you may expect a significant portion of the SAP questions to be centered on the projects and responsibilities you have had in the past.

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