The Python programming language offers us a function to debug what type of information is stored in the variables. This function tells us what data type is being used. Python type is the name of this function (). Python type() is a built-in Python function that enables the programmer to evaluate the type of data used in the programme for each variable.

Python Training Course

Learn Data Operations in PythonExplore Course
Python Training Course

What Is Python's typeof function?

Python typeof is a built-in function that, depending on the arguments passed, returns the form of the objects/data elements stored in any kind of data or returns a new type object.

The Python type() function returns information about the data structures used to store data elements in a program. For storing data elements, we do not explicitly specify the variable's data type in Python. As a result, we can use Python's built-in type() function to determine what type of data is stored in a variable. Python type() is a built-in function that prints the type of function parameters based on their arguments.

Syntax of the Python typeof Function

The Python typeof function is a built-in function that returns the type of an object. And this function is a polymorphic function, which means it can take arguments of any type and return a value of any type.

The typeof function is typically used for debugging purposes, to help identify the type of an object. It can also be used to check the type of the argument passed to a function. In python, type() is used to get the type of an object.

Syntax:

While single argument passed- type (object)

While triple argument passed - type (name, bases, dict)

  • When a single argument is passed, then this function returns the same type of object.
  • When three arguments are passed, then this function returns a new type of object.

Examples of typeof

The type() function allows you to determine the data type of a variable or parameter. For example, the following code prints "int" when called on the input "5":

Input: 

x = 5

print(type(x))

s = 'xyz’'

print(type(s))

from collections import OrderedDict

od = OrderedDict()

print(type(od))

class Data:

    pass

d = Data()

print(type(d))

Output

<class 'int'>

<class 'str'>

<class 'collections.OrderedDict'>

<class '__main__.Data'>

The type () function returns the type of the object with the module name. But our Python script doesn’t have a module, so this script module becomes __main__.

Python type() With a Single Parameter

If you have a single parameter, the Python typeof function will return the type of that parameter. You can use this to check whether a parameter is a string, an integer, a list, etc. 

For example, if you have a variable x that is set to "Hello", you can use type (x) to check that it is a string.

Python type() With Three Parameters:

When the function is used with three parameters, type() returns the name of the type of an object passed as the second parameter. The first parameter is the name of the object, and the third parameter is the name of the type.

Syntax:

type (name, bases, dict)

Here, 

  • name specifies the class name,
  • base specifies the base classes,
  • dict specifies the dictionary, which helps to create the base class.

Free Course: Python for Beginners

Master the fundamentals of PythonEnroll Now
Free Course: Python for Beginners

Applications

  • In Python, humans do not declare the variable's data type. We define the variable directly and store the values in it. We can use this Python built-in function to determine which variable contains which type of data. This function is beneficial for debugging.
  • It allows us to create classes and their attributes dynamically during program execution. Passing three arguments to the type() function can accomplish this. 
  • The Python type() function can also create SQL tables in a database.

Real-Life Usage of the type() Function

  • Python's type() function can be helpful when debugging your code, or when you're trying to figure out why a particular object isn't behaving as you expect.
  • The type() function is also useful for checking the data type of a variable before using it in a program, which helps to avoid errors and improves the efficiency of the program. 

For example, the type() function can be used to check the data type of a string before concatenating it with another string. If the data type is not a string, the concatenation will not be executed, and an error will be thrown.

FAQs

1. What is the use of the type function?

Python type( is a built-in function that returns the type of data stored in the program's objects or variables. For example, if a variable has a value of 45.5, the variable's type is float. Another example: if variable'subj' holds the value 'Python,' the type of'subj' is a string. The dictionary data type also creates dynamic classes and their attribute values.

2. How do you get typeof in Python?

To determine the type of a variable in Python, use the built-in type() function. In Python, everything is an object. As a result, when you use the type() function to print the type of a variable's value to the console, it returns the class type of the object.

3. What is type code in Python?

The typecode character that was used to generate the array. The internal representation of one array item's length in bytes. Add a new item with the value x to the array's end. Return a tuple (address, length) containing the current memory address and the length of the buffer used to hold the array's contents in elements.

4. What is type class in Python?

type is a metaclass, and classes are instances of it. Any new category in Python, and therefore any class in Python 3, is an instance of the type metaclass, just as any ordinary object is an instance of a class.

5. What does the type function return?

The result of a function is referred to as its return value, and the data type of the return value is referred to as its return type. Whether or not a function returns a value, its declaration and definition must include a return type.

Looking forward to making a move to the programming field? Take up the Python Training Course and begin your career as a professional Python programmer

Conclusion

Hope this lesson was able to give you a detailed understanding of Python’s typeof function and how it can be used. If you are looking to enhance your Python skills we would recommend you check our Python Certification Course which will help you enhance your Python coding skills further.

If you are looking to further enhance your software development skills we would highly recommend you to check out our Post Graduate Program in Full Stack Web Development. This course, designed in collaboration with Caltech CTME can help you hone the relevant skills and make you job-ready in no time.

If you have any questions or queries regarding the article or the course, please feel free to post them in the comments section below. Our team will get back to you at the earliest.

About the Author

SimplilearnSimplilearn

Simplilearn is one of the world’s leading providers of online training for Digital Marketing, Cloud Computing, Project Management, Data Science, IT, Software Development, and many other emerging technologies.

View More
  • Disclaimer
  • PMP, PMI, PMBOK, CAPM, PgMP, PfMP, ACP, PBA, RMP, SP, and OPM3 are registered marks of the Project Management Institute, Inc.
  • *According to Simplilearn survey conducted and subject to terms & conditions with Ernst & Young LLP (EY) as Process Advisors