PostgreSQL vs. MySQL: Know The Major Differences

PostgreSQL and MySQL are among the most popular open-source RDBMS. The decision to choose the correct RDBMS for your project may even make or break it. MySQL is widely known for its ease of use and speed, while PostgreSQL is famous for its advanced features. In this article, we will look at PostgreSQL vs. MySQL.

In this article, we will discuss the following topics - 

  • What is PostgreSQL?
  • Advantages and Disadvantages of PostgreSQL
  • What is MySQL?
  • Advantages and Disadvantages of MySQL
  • Difference between MySQL and PostgreSQL

What is PostgreSQL?

PostgreSQL is a relational database management system that competes with real-time, top-ranked databases such as Oracle. It employs multi-version concurrency control (MVCC), allowing several writers and readers to work on the same system, together.

PostgreSQL is used by several companies, including Apple, BioPharm, Red Hat, and Skype.

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Advantages of PostgreSQL

  • PostgreSQL source-code is freely available and is developed by a large and devoted community.
  • PostgreSQL is compatible with a wide array of programming languages and platforms. 
  • Developers can change open-source code as they license it under BSD without the need to contribute back enhancements.

Disadvantages of PostgreSQL

  • It is slower than MySQL.
  • Installation and configuration can be difficult for beginners.

Now that we have understood PostgreSQL, let's learn the next topic in this article which is - PostgreSQL and MySQL.

What is MySQL?

MySQL is a relational database management system based on SQL–Structured Query Language. It is available in both open-source and commercial versions and is compatible with various platforms using all major languages and middleware.

MySQL is the most widely used database, according to the developer survey from ScaleGrid.  MySQL is broadly utilized as a part of the LAMP (Linux, Apache, MySQL, PHP) stack of open-source programs that form many websites on the Internet, including Facebook, Twitter, and YouTube.

Advantages of MySQL

Here are some of the main advantages of MySQL:

  • Data Security: MySQL is globally renowned for being the most secure and reliable database management system used in popular web applications, including WordPress, Drupal, Joomla, Facebook, and Twitter.
  • High Performance: MySQL features a different storage-engine framework that facilitates system administrators to configure the MySQL database server for flawless performance.
  • Cost-Effective: The database is open-source and free.

Disadvantages Of MySQL

Here are some of the key disadvantages of MySQL:

  • MySQL does not support a huge database size efficiently.
  • It is challenging to debug stored procedures.
  • MySQL is not fully SQL compliant. Because of this, developers find it challenging to cope with the syntax of SQL in MySQL.

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MySQL vs. PostgreSQL

Parameter

MySQL

PostgreSQL

Development

MySQL is an open-source product

PostgreSQL is an open-source project

Licensing

GNU General Public License 

MIT-Style License

Implementation programming language

C/C++

C

GUI tool

MySQL Workbench

PgAdmin

Storage engine

Multiple storage engines

Single storage engines

Acid Compliance

MySQL is ACID-compliant only when it is used with InnoDB and NDB Cluster storage engines

PostgreSQL is primarily SQL compliant

Supported Platforms

Solaris, Windows OS, Linux, and FreeBSD OS

Windows OS, Linux, OS X, and Solaris

Programming Languages Support

C/C++, PHP, Perl, Go, and others

C/C++, Python, Javascript, and others

Security

A lot of security features are built-in MySQL, and it is highly secure

PostgreSQL offers native SSL support for connections for encryptions

Connection Scalability

Each new connection is an OS thread

Each new connection is an OS process

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Conclusion

This article discussed the key differences and features of two of the most widely used RDBMS PostgreSQL and MySQL. Each has its set of unique features and drawbacks and excels in particular scenarios.

If you wish to learn more about SQL, then check out our SQL certification course.

Taking this SQL certification course will equip you with all you need to work with SQL databases and use them in your applications. From structuring your database correctly to authoring efficient SQL statements and clauses and managing your SQL database for scalable growth, getting excellent work-ready training on SQL, and its multitude of applications at work.

If you have any questions, please feel free to ask them in our comments section, and our experts will promptly answer them for you. 

About the Author

Aryan GuptaAryan Gupta

Aryan is a tech enthusiast who likes to stay updated about trending technologies of today. He is passionate about all things technology, a keen researcher, and writes to inspire. Aside from technology, he is an active football player and a keen enthusiast of the game.

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