Technology assumes a core part of our day-to-day lives. We have made greater progress in terms of technology in the past 5 years than in the last 2 decades. Owing to its rapid progress and technology taking over every area, be it education, healthcare, construction, banking, and entertainment, everyone asks the same question— what is technology, and what are some of the technological breakthroughs in today’s time?
Technology is the application of scientific knowledge to make different operations easier and more convenient. There are a host of technologies in different fields that are considered significant for their applications. In the subsequent section, you will find a host of technologies, what they mean, and how they make lives easier.
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Types of Technology
1. Artificial Intelligence
Artificial intelligence is the simulation of human intelligence by computer systems and other machines aimed at performing higher-level tasks that require human intelligence and are normally performed by human beings.
Smart assistants on our devices, such as Siri, Google Assistant, and Alexa are some of the most popular examples of AI. Scientists make continuous efforts to improve AI technology and make it as closely intuitive to human intelligence as possible.
2. Information Technology
Information Technology, also known as IT, involves the use of computer systems—hardware and software— and telecommunications for the purpose of storing, sending, and retrieving information. This technology finds its applications in resolving business challenges and helps streamline organizational processes.
Some significant examples of IT are performance management software, content management software, and telephone and radio equipment.
3. Space Technology
Space technology is a field that helps space scientists plan and execute space exploration, spaceflight, and the observation of Earth. It is mainly used for communication and navigation and to support human activities beyond Earth’s atmosphere.
Telescopes, GPS systems, radio and imaging, space traffic management, and low-Earth orbit satellites are some of the most notable contributions of space technology toward making space exploration accomplishable.
4. Entertainment Technology
Entertainment technology aims at providing better entertainment experiences to users through the use of science and technology. It caters to different subfields of the entertainment industry, such as television, gaming, advertising, streaming, animation, etc.
Some of the common examples of entertainment technology used for various purposes include virtual reality, augmented reality, interactive environments, automation, simulations, and audio-visual areas.
5. Medical Technology
Medical technology aids in more efficient and accurate health assessments, diagnosis, management of health ailments, and treatment, along with implications in the field of pharmacology.
Medical technology has a prominent place in the healthcare industry through techniques, such as robotic surgery, therapeutic devices, biometrics, and diagnostic imaging.
6. Operational Technology
Operational technology, popularly known as OT, is the use of software and hardware for controlling industrial equipment in order to carry out security measures. This technology enables monitoring, controlling, and detecting changes in the processes, devices, and events of industrial networks.
Fire control systems, physical access control mechanisms, and building management systems are some instances of operational technology useful in industrial and building equipment.
7. Assistive Technology
Assistive technology makes various daily activities, such as bathing, walking, hearing, movement, and climbing stairs convenient. This technology has the widest application for individuals with disabilities, thus aiming to improve their quality of life.
Some of the most common and widely used assistive technologies include artificial limbs and arms, wheelchairs, walkers, and crutches.
8. Communication Technology
A crossover of information and communication, communication technology deals with the transfer of information in the form of messages among machines and people. It contributes to the decision-making process and solving problems in people.
Communication technology has made huge strides in recent times, with some examples of this technology being virtual assistants, social media platforms, Wi-Fi, and Bluetooth.
9. Hospitality Technology
This technology aids in client interactions in the hospitality sector using technological infrastructures, such as software and networking means. It has various applications, such as making reservations, offering assistance in various languages using machines, and other areas where it facilitates off-site assistance to add convenience to client interactions.
The use of artificial intelligence and computer systems to facilitate the betterment of human life is referred to as superintelligence. This form of technology replaces various operations that humans would have to do otherwise accomplish manually. Some examples of superintelligence are chatbots, virtual agents, and self-driving cars, among others.
11. Business Technology
The application of technology and science to provide high-level assistance in business activities is known as business technology. This technology has a very wide scope percolating down through different areas of business management, such as information technology, digital marketing, data management, and E-commerce technology to name a few.
12. Agriculture Technology
Agriculture technology is helping replace many manual operations in agriculture that can often be complex and time-consuming with the help of science. Farmers who handle large-scale agricultural production and management are often equipped with modern agricultural technology, such as machines that help regulate temperature and moisture and GPS technologies.
13. Robotics Technology
A combination of science and mathematics, robotics technology is associated with developing machines and software to manufacture intelligent robots. Such robots are used in various other industries. One of the industries that widely use this technology is healthcare, which has immensely beneficial medical robotics implications.
14. Educational Technology
EdTech, or educational technology, has revolutionized the teaching and learning processes with breakthroughs, such as computer-based teaching, interactive learning tools, audio-visual systems, and online learning resources. Educational technology mainly aims to improve the learning process by replacing or complimenting the more traditional approaches with scientific and technological tools.
15. Product and Food Technology
Product and food technology aims to improve and automate various manufacturing operations in the food industry, which is very beneficial to food businesses involved in mass production. Whether it is the automation of manufacturing a food product or quality testing and control, there are various types of machinery involved in the food production process— all thanks to food product technology.
16. Architecture Technology
Today, architecture is so much more than the mere process of designing structures. It involves eco-friendly buildings, space-saving approaches, green buildings, and much more. Architectural technology, while helping architects with the more conventional designing processes, also extends to creating better ways for architects to understand different elements of the design and the geographical considerations while creating sustainable and practical models.
Some examples of architecture technology are Building Information Modeling (BIM), renderings, generative design, 3D printing, and IoT.
17. Construction Technology
The construction industry benefits greatly from construction technology, which is the application of computer systems and software to the construction processes. While it has a certain level of overlap with architecture technology, some common types of technological aids used in construction are drones, virtual reality, data collection apps, and various forms of AI to automate certain processes.
18. Blockchain Technology
Blockchain technology is a web-based monetary system that allows information to be encrypted. While it was initially created for digital assets, this technology is currently used to create applications for online stock exchanges and even social media sites.
19. Aerospace Technology
Aerospace technology is one of the most important technological advancements, which finds its applications in the field of space flight, aerospace engineering, and airplane designing. With the advent of this technology, we have access to innovative ways to use space technology and develop components that are more efficient, such as wings for spacecraft and airplanes with a high form of precision and accuracy.
20. Environmental Technology
With the need of the hour being the conservation of resources and our ecosystem, environmental technology has received significant focus, which involves the use of scientific knowledge and techniques that help improve the environment. Some common examples of environmental technology are wind turbines, solar panels, wastewater purifiers, and photovoltaics.
Biotechnology deals with the use of living organisms to create different types of products. It is based on biology and makes use of biochemical and cellular processes to come up with technologies. Biotechnology aims to improve our lives. Some of the modern-day biotechnological processes are genetic engineering, stem cells, and tissue engineering, transgenesis, and DNA cloning, among others.
22. Vehicle Technology
Vehicle technology involves vehicle development, wherein the internal parts of cars and aircraft are upgraded from time to time for improved efficiency. It also aims at bringing down carbon emissions while enhancing the comfort of the vehicle. Some of the notable vehicle technologies are parking sensors, collision avoidance systems, and the most recent development— self-driving cars.
23. Forensic Science Technology
An important area to add more precision to criminal justice, forensic science technology helps identify facts in the investigation process with the help of scientific knowledge surrounding the elements of evidence. Fingerprint analysis, DNA profiling, and facial reconstruction are some of the most remarkable strides in forensic science technology.
24. Military Technology
Military technology aims at creating better tools, weapons, and equipment to better equip military personnel for wars. With heavy investment and the need for countries to outpower each other, some of the notable technological advancements in this area include nuclear weapons, radar equipment, and advanced guns and missiles.
25. Sports Technology
Sports technology is the use of scientific knowledge to design and implement technologies for sports. This technology has helped take sports to the next level with innovative training techniques and designing better competitive surroundings. Video assistant referees, flying drones, camera movements, and edge detectors are among the most popular and commonly used technologies in sports.
26. Electrical Engineering Technology
EET, or electrical engineering technology, combines science and the principles of electrical engineering for improved design, installation, operation, and maintenance of electrical systems. Some of the products of EET are transmission lines, lighting systems, power plant generators, microsensors, and nanosensors.
27. 3D Printing Technology
3D printing technology makes the task of printing objects in three dimensions achievable and more efficient. One of the most prominent technologies for this purpose is CAD software, which helps design the object, which is then entered into a printer to create the object.
28. Quantum Technology
A subfield of physics, quantum technology has various applications in fields, such as communication technology, electric and magnetic sensors, quantum computing, modeling, metrology, and cryptology.
29. Industrial and Manufacturing Technology
This form of technology helps improve industrial and manufacturing processes and operations with scientific techniques. Some of the common technological advancements in this area include automated machines, large and efficient furnaces, conveyor belt systems, and CNC milling machines.
30. Marine Technology
Marine technology helps come up with sophisticated equipment for safe use, protection of, and intervention in the marine environment. Digital route management of ships, integrated control systems, smart defense technology, and IoT on vessels are some of the most widely used modern marine technologies.
Hope this article was able to give you a fair understanding about the different types of technology. If you are looking to enhance your software development skills, we would recommend you to check Simplilearn’s Post Graduate Program in Full Stack Development. This program, in collaboration with Caltech CTME, will help you gain key technological and development skills which can make you job-ready.
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