Web Developer Job Description: Role Overview, Skills Needed, Career Paths, and Job Trends

Before digging deeper into the web developer job description, the skills needed to succeed, career prospects, and job trends, let us begin with some fascinating facts that will surprise you.

Nowadays, the popularity of online marketing is on the rise, and many organizations intend to sell their products and services on the Internet. However, not all organizations are successful in achieving their digital marketing goals.

Here are some stats that illustrate why only a few companies succeed in cyberspace while most cannot make an impact:

  • Visitors create an impression of a website in 0.05 seconds
  • 75 percent of users base their opinion on the aesthetics of a site
  • 38 percent of users will not return to a website if it has an unattractive and sloppy layout
  • Based on how the website looks, in less than 10 seconds, visitors decide whether to trust the company
  • Over 47 percent of users prefer sites to load in under 2 seconds.
  • 88 percent of people do not return to websites that have a frustrating user experience
  • 90 percent of visitors proceed with their shopping if a website's UX is user-friendly.

The above data reveal that online businesses must have a fast and responsive website that incorporates a seamless user experience.

It is quite common for people to judge a book by its cover, which is why it has become crucial to make a good first impression.

A website with a 5-year-old layout will not trigger interest among today's online customers.

Serious players know this, and hence, they routinely improve their websites to deliver the most up-to-date experience.

The rising interest among small business owners in introducing online platforms, along with the constant need for the upgrade of legacy technologies, are driving the web development job market to new heights.

The Bureau of Labor Statistics forecasts that demand for web developers will be robust between 2019 and 2029, with an estimated growth rate of 8 percent, which is higher than other career alternatives.  

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Web Developer Roles and Responsibilities

Front-end web developer, back-end web developer, and full-stack web developer are the three major segments that dominate the web development landscape.

Who Is a Front-End Web Developer?

Front-end developers are programmers or coders who work on the structural layout of websites. They find the right balance between the visual, functional, and aesthetic aspects of the web design to ensure optimal performance across all devices.

The web front end developer job description includes: 

  • Assessing the design and structure of websites
  • Implementing features that deliver superior user experiences
  • Verifying that the aesthetic, functional, and visual layout achieve optimized performance on tablets, smartphones, notebooks, and desktop computers
  • Developing reusable code for continued use
  • Ensuring maximum scalability, performance, and speed
  • Using multiple programming languages to build webpages
  • Sustaining brand consistency throughout the website design

Skills Needed for Front-End Web Developer Job 

  • Bachelor's degree in CS (Computer Science) / Job-focused certification from a renowned academy
  • Knowledge of web design fundamentals
  • Expertise in jQuery, JavaScript, CSS, and HTML
  • Proficiency in graphic design software, for instance, Adobe Illustrator.
  • Experience in adaptive and responsive design
  • Awareness of Search Engine Optimization (SEO) principles
  • Excellent problem-solving abilities
  • Outstanding communication skills
  • Superb interpersonal qualities

Who Is a Back-End Developer? 

Back-end web developers build code for server-side applications and databases, which, when coupled with front-end technologies, help produce a seamless, customized response for an end-user's request to a webpage. Back-end web development professionals specialize in server-side scripting languages, mentioned in the skills section below. 

The back-end web developer job description includes:

  • Compiling and analyzing processes, code, and data to troubleshoot critical problems and determine areas for performance enhancement
  • Partnering with front-end web developers and all stakeholders to set objectives for improving the user experience
  • Tracking key industry trends to develop concepts for new features, products, and programs 
  • Recording and presenting relevant data to management, clients, and the team
  • Participating in training and educational events to stay informed on best practices 

Skills Needed for Back-End Web Developer Job

  • Bachelor's degree in computer science or computer programming / Certification from a premier educational institution
  • Fluency in server-side scripting languages, including Python, Perl, Ruby, Java, Node. js, ASP.NET, and PHP 
  • Strong grasp of process improvement tools and techniques
  • Solid knowledge of web development cycles 
  • Exceptional time and project management skills
  • Excellent communication and problem-solving skills

Who Is a Full-Stack Developer?

A full-stack web developer is a computer programmer adept at back-end and front-end coding. Full-stack developers are the highest-paid professionals in the web development industry for their expertise in both back-end and front-end technologies. 

The full stack web developer job description includes: 

  • Building front-end web architecture 
  • Developing server-side, back-end web applications
  • Ensuring database and server functionality
  • Maintaining application responsiveness 
  • Streamlining cross-platform capabilities
  • Monitoring the entire web development cycle, from conceptualization of a product to its delivery 
  • Designing and creating APIs
  • Staying up-to-date on the latest technologies, programming languages, and applications  

Skills Needed for a Full Stack Web Developer Job

  • Degree in (CS) Computer Science / Comprehensive full-stack certification course from an industry-recognized institution 
  • Expertise in front-end programming languages, including JavaScript, HTML, and CSS
  • Knowledge of JavaScript frameworks - Amber, Angular JS, and React 
  • Experience in server-side programming languages like Java, .NET, Python, Ruby, and PHP 
  • Familiarity with technologies related to databases, such as MongoDB, MySQL, and Oracle 
  • Outstanding problem-solving and communication skills
  • Superior project management and organizational skills

Senior Web Developer Job Description

Senior web development professionals design, develop, and optimize web applications and websites. They are highly experienced and well-versed in SEO (Search Engine Optimization) best practices and web development programming languages. Senior web developers usually lead teams consisting of junior developers.   

The sr web developer job description includes:

  • Determining website features according to the client's expectations
  • Creating work schedules and timeframes to meet project delivery deadlines
  • Establishing effective communication channels between clients, teams, and other stakeholders
  • Developing a strong network of freelance content creators, designers/developers to outsource projects if required.
  • Updating software documentation and debugging websites
  • Building close relationships with brands and key industry players
  • Conducting research on digital marketing trends
  • Training, mentoring, and supervising junior developers.

Senior Web Developer Skill Requirements 

  • Degree in IT or Computer Science / Top-notch web development certification course
  • 3–5 years of industry experience
  • Experience in CMS (Content Management System) 
  • Expertise in diagnostic tools and wireframes 
  • Management and leadership skills
  • Extraordinary research abilities, interpersonal and communication skills
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Web Development Career Paths

Front-end, back-end, or full-stack, no matter what the web developer job description is, aspiring web development professionals have two major career paths they can pursue.

You can apply for a salaried position in an organization or work as a freelance web developer, depending on what suits your needs the best.

While salaried professionals benefit from a steady stream of income and can learn from their colleagues, freelancers, on the other hand, enjoy the freedom to set their work schedules and pick projects of their choice.

Regardless of your work preference, Simplilearn can help you accomplish your goals. Simplilearn, the world's #1 certification provider, offers a variety of industry-aligned blended-learning programs designed to help students become job-ready web developers in a short time. Simplilearn's full-stack web development can help you learn from the comfort of your home through expert-led courses. Visit Simplilearn now. 

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