The role of a web developer is one that almost always makes it to the lists of high-paying IT jobs. And why not? In today’s digital world, web developers are indispensable. Whether it's a stunning website, a high-performing e-commerce site, or any other web-based application, it's the handiwork of a web developer.
If you’re aspiring to wear the hat of a web developer, you’d be thrilled to know that full stack developer skills are in high demand. But do you know how full-stack vs. front end vs. back end web development stack up against each other? In other words, what makes these job roles different? We’ll break it down for you. In this article we will cover the following topics that will give you clear understanding of the differences between front end developer, back end developer and full stack developer:
- What is web development?
- Types of web development
- What is frontend development?
- Who is a front end developer?
- What are the front end developer skills?
- Front end developer salary
- What is backend development?
- Who is a back end developer?
- What are back end developer skills?
- Back end developer salary
- Frontend vs. backend development
- Who is a full-stack developer?
- What are the full stack developer skills?
- Full stack developer salary
But first, let’s get a couple of basics out of the way.
What is Web Development?
Web development is the process of creating a website on the internet. Web development refers to the non-design aspects of a website, such as creating features and functionality using programming, markup, and scripting languages. Developers concentrate on the technical aspects of website development, such as architecture, programming, and application integration, and graphics.
A web developer is someone who -
- Builds and maintains websites and other web applications
- Converts a web design into a website
- To comprehend the vision, they collaborate with clients, stakeholders, and designers
- Can specialize in either frontend or backend development. If required, even as a full-stack developer
Now that you know what web development is, look at the different types of web development.
Looking forward to advance your career as a Full Stack Developer? Check out this Full Stack Java Developer Certification Training. Enroll now!
Types of Web Development
Web development mainly includes frontend development, backend development, and when the two are put together, there is Fullstack development.
If you’re wondering what exactly they mean, don’t worry. Before learning about frontend vs. backend development, you will look at them separately and understand each of them in detail below in this tutorial.
What is Frontend Development?
- The aspect of web development that codes and produces frontend elements of a website, or features that are immediately observable and accessible by the end-user or client, is known as frontend development.
- Essentially, a frontend developer is in charge of everything you see be it styling, graphics, text, alignment, navigation, colors, and so on, and attempts to improve the user experience to make it as seamless as possible.
- They also contribute to the overall design and aesthetic, along with debugging.
- The major goals of frontend development are responsiveness and performance.
If what you see in an application is the front end, then what do you think makes this happen? That’s right, it is the backend of the application. Continue reading this tutorial to understand this concept better, and start to learn about frontend vs. backend development.
Who is a Front End Developer?
Front-end web developers take care of the website’s style and user interface. As you’d probably know, HTML is the structural skeleton of a webpage. You can think of Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) as the physique or the body of the skeleton. CSS enables front-end, web developers, to modify the shape of the physique, which, in terms of websites, is like pre-defining certain sections to make the website display a specific style.
For instance, if the website is a human body, using CSS, you can alter the build of muscles and change the way specific muscles look. Now, with regards to websites, you can use CSS to adjust specific sections of the site to define the look and style it displays. Front-end web developers integrate these "style and look" into a CSS file and include it on top of the HTML file. Whenever they need a particular style, they refer to the CSS file that contains the pre-defined styles.
What are the Front End Developer skills?
Besides, working as a front end developer also requires skills around JQuery, Ajax, UI (User interface), UX (user experience) as well as familiarity with frameworks like AngularJS, EmberJS, Foundation, Bootstrap, and Backbone.
Front End Developer Salary
An average front end developer in the US can make an approx. $104,893 every year.
What is Backend Development?
- Web development that occurs at the back end of programs is accurately termed backend development.
- backend development covers server-side web application logic and integration, and activities, like writing APIs, creating libraries, and working with system components as opposed to frontend development, which focuses on customer-facing services and programs.
- backend developers create code that allows a database and an application to communicate with one another.
- backend developers are in charge of the back end of a website, which includes servers, databases, and apps. They are in control of what you don't see.
Surely you clearly understand what frontend and backend of an application means. But what really sets them apart? What constitutes the two? These questions are answered in the next section.
Who is a Back End Developer?
The user-facing interface of a website needs to be aesthetically pleasing. But, without the software that runs in the background, the website's UI wouldn't even exist in the first place. That’s something that puts back end developer skills to test. Back end developers work on the server-side.
What are Back End Developer skills?
The programming languages that back end developers typically need to know include PHP, Ruby, Python, and .Net to build applications. Plus, they should have good command over database technologies like Oracle, Microsoft SQL Server, and MySQL.
Since the developer community widely embraces PHP, let’s take that as an example. A scripting language, PHP, works together with Structured Query Language, or SQL, which is the database from where PHP pulls information out to enter it into an HTML file for display. You can find examples of this process everywhere.
For instance, when a user registers on a website, the SQL database stores the submitted information. Every time they log in, the server-side language gets the information from the database, and HTML displays it on your screen. It’s the job of a back end developer to set this process in motion.
Back End Developer Salary
Wondering what’s the salary package of back end web developers? Compared to front end developers, they generally get a higher annual salary, which may fall within $128,880 per annum.
Frontend vs. Backend Development
There are several parameters to consider when differentiating between frontend and backend. Let’s dissect them one by one.
Languages and Frameworks
These are some of the points to note when learning about frontend vs. backend development. However, it is also vital for a backend developer to have a basic understanding of frontend and vice versa.
Who is a Full-Stack Developer?
A full-stack developer can be best explained as the “jack of all trades.” They are skilled in both front end and back end languages and can work with multiple frameworks.
What are the Full Stack Developer skills?
Full-stack developer skills and expertise are relevant in all layers of the web development process, starting from the planning stage of projects, to managing databases, building user interfaces to data structuring, and solving mission-critical needs. Therefore, full-stack developers must understand all levels of a website and how the web works.
Full Stack Developer Salary
Given their versatility and broad knowledge spectrum, full-stack web developers are sought-after professionals. The annual paycheck of an average full stack developer can fall within the $112,788 range but can go as high as $150,000 depending on their skillset and experience.
Full-stack developers command the higher salary package than front end or back end developers. Employers are willing to pay more for a full stack developer because it makes more business sense to hire an individual with front and back end skills, rather than getting two people to do the same job.
Therefore, for aspirants who are planning to carve a career in the tech industry, the role of a full stack developer is a lucrative option.
Your Next Step
The demand for skilled full-stack developers is at an all-time high and shows no sign of slowing down. Over the next ten years, job opportunities for web developers will grow by 13 percent — that’s much faster than average for any other profession. Plus, with millions of websites adding every year to the 1.5+ billion sites existing globally, more web developers are needed to build them. There is no job shortage for web developers for sure. So, it’s not hard to see why web development is a popular career choice.
While web developers are getting good salaries and being viewed as valuable assets, they need to be on their toes, always learning and adapting to new trends and technologies. If you want to be part of a fast-moving career, being a full-stack developer can be a rewarding experience for you. An online full-stack developer course will set you on the right track, and fortunately, you can start learning the strands of full stack development easily and effectively right now. So, what’s the wait for?