The Top Five Open-Source AI Frameworks

A popular misconception is that programming languages are crucial for an AI framework based on neural networks. The results of an AI application are determined by the model architecture rather than the particular language.

Unsurprisingly, Natural Language Processing (NLP), computer vision, and image processing are massive driving forces in AI.

Most popular neural processing frameworks are available as cloud services, such as Google's Tensorflow. According to my data analysis from Stack Overflow, Google's Tensorflow was the most popular machine learning framework, both by installations and downloads, in 2018.

Let us now look at the top open-source AI frameworks.

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1) Tensorflow

Google Tensorflow, an open-source software framework for building and using machine learning neural networks, is very easy to set up and extend. It's the most popular deep learning framework, with the largest number of GitHub stars and the second-highest percentage of open source repositories. 

Tensorflow is probably the most comfortable framework for beginners to work with. However, some neural processing experts may feel a little overwhelmed by the sheer amount of tools and features, making it almost impenetrable to experienced developers.

We will now learn about the next AI framework, RNN.

2) RNN

RNN is an emerging framework for supervised learning and has an extremely flexible and intuitive interface. It's also suitable for designing algorithms for "deep learning," which can be used to distinguish between "like" and "dislike" in data sets. 

RNN is the second most popular deep learning framework for neural processing and natural language processing. The user community has been extraordinarily active and very helpful, and the project is under active development. According to neural processing experts, it's not the right choice for general ML coding because of the extra layers of abstraction. Neural processing expert Joe Callaghan compared RNN to WATM and said, "RNN is too hard to learn, but a lot of fun to experiment with." (Source: Stack Overflow)

The next AI framework is theano.

3) Theano

Theano, an open-source python library for deep learning, is also popular in the neural processing and data science communities. It's widely known for making it easy to implement complex neural networks by abstracting away the neural network components (such as the layers and hidden layers). It's often used to build and train AI models on graphics processing units (GPUs) and has been adopted by Facebook for both training and deploying AI applications.

Theano comes with a library of algorithms that perform neural network operations on data frames. It works with Python, C++, Java, Julia, Scala, and Tensorflow and is currently the most popular AI framework used by developers who use either Tensorflow or Theano. Theoretically, Theano can be used on any platform, but most Theano developers use Tensorflow and Tensorboard.

Theano is a deep learning framework with a comprehensive library of complex algorithms. It is used for training models to perform image classification, object detection, language translation, and speech recognition. Theano has the most extensive library of popular machine learning algorithms, easily combined with Tensorflow.

Tensorflow and Theano are used for most deep learning applications. However, they are not the best choice for NLP.

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4) PyTorch

PyTorch is an optimized Python framework for building machine learning algorithms. Researchers often use it for research purposes, but it's also popular among developers who use Tensorflow. 

Medium is a free, open-source Python framework for creating systems, large or small. According to the developers, it's the most "intuitive" framework for building systems because it has the most comprehensive interface to hardware accelerators and a friendly API. However, it has a reputation for slow response times when dealing with GPUs.

Torch's versatility is impressive, and developers can use it to train, test, and deploy systems for deep learning and NLP. However, it can also be challenging to set up and maintain, and it doesn't seem to be used as much as other, more established frameworks. 

Parsey McParseface is a Python library for building machine learning models. Its interface is similar to Theano, but it supports a broader set of APIs and supports a more comprehensive range of training data types. 

We will now look at the next AI framework.

5) Caffe2

It is essential to understand that Caffe2 is not a traditional framework for AI training. Instead, it is a trained inference engine based on Neural Networks. The end goal of Caffe2 is to provide the best results in a highly efficient manner compared to Caffe. 

Caffe2 is a powerful open-source library that makes it easy to create deep learning models using the PyTorch framework. We can quickly develop scalable models and get rid of the typical computations involved in traditional models. That is why with Caffe2, we can make the most of our machines and get maximum efficiency out of them.

It is a Python library, and there is no need to worry about any other libraries or third party applications as you can rely on it to furnish the whole framework you will use in the project.

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The Best Neural Processing Frameworks for Beginners

Some advanced deep learning frameworks allow neural processing, but many developers are unaware of the many prebuilt plugins and libraries that can enhance RNN and Tensorflow. These frameworks have been incorporated into products such as Microsoft Azure ML and Google Cloud Machine Learning.

  • Mylica is a Python framework for running neural processing, reinforcement learning, and reinforcement learning, easily customized for specific projects' needs. 
  • Karos is an open-source reinforcement learning framework that includes a library of reinforcement learning algorithms. It's famous for training reinforcement learning systems on GPUs, and it is compatible with Tensorflow. 
  • Trainedata is a Python library for creating large-scale reinforcement learning systems. The library's algorithms can run on Python 2.7, 3.4, and 4.x.
  • Vowpal Wabbit is an open-source deep learning framework that supports reinforcement learning. The idea behind Vowpal Wabbit is to accelerate the training of neural networks in reinforcement learning systems. 

Python has emerged as the most popular language for NLP development. Although useful for other applications, most of these frameworks and libraries are optimized for running on the Python Virtual Machine, which provides highly efficient performance for processing tensor data. It is a very convenient framework for the development of neural network applications.

Deep learning and neural networks are becoming more popular in some fields, including computer vision, health care, and cybersecurity. Machine learning in this emerging field has led to many new applications. As data sources increase, data scientists' demand is likely to increase significantly, leading to more demand for neural processing skills. To take advantage of this trend for your career, consider a comprehensive skilling program like the Post Graduate Program in AI and Machine Learning, a collaboration between Simplilearn and Purdue University. 

About the Author

Matthew DavidMatthew David

Matt is a Digital Leader at Accenture. His passion is a combination of solving today's problems to run more efficiently, adjusting focus to take advantage of digital tools to improve tomorrow and move organizations to new ways of working that impact the future.

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