What is Software Testing?

Software testing is assessing the quality and functionality of a software application or system.  This systematic process involves executing test cases and scripts to identify defects, bugs, or errors and ensure that the software meets the desired requirements and specifications. The primary goal of software testing is to uncover any issues or vulnerabilities that may affect the software's performance, usability, and reliability before it is released to end users.

Software testing encompasses various techniques and methodologies such as functional testing, performance testing, usability testing, security testing, and more. Also, it involves designing test scenarios, creating test cases, executing tests, analyzing results, and reporting defects to the development team for resolution. By conducting thorough and rigorous testing, software testers help improve the overall quality, stability, and user experience of the software, ensuring that it functions as intended and meets the expectations of its users.

What Does a Software Tester Do?

A software tester is responsible for evaluating the quality and functionality of software applications or systems. Their primary role is to identify and report defects, bugs, or errors in the software to ensure its overall reliability and performance. Software testers collaborate closely with the development team and follow established testing methodologies to ensure that the software meets the desired requirements and specifications.

Software testers design test cases and scenarios based on the software requirements and execute them to simulate real-world usage and identify any potential issues. They use various testing techniques and tools to perform functional testing, performance testing, regression testing, and other types of testing to validate the software's behavior and performance under different conditions.

Qualifications Required to Become a Software Tester

To become a software tester, certain qualifications and skills are necessary to perform the job effectively. The specific requirements may vary depending on the organization and the complexity of the software being tested. Here are some essential qualifications commonly sought after in the field:


An undergraduate degree or Bachelor’s Degree in Computer Science or Information Technology is preferred. However, practical experience and certifications can also compensate for formal education.

Software Development Lifecycle

Understanding the software development process and different phases, including requirements gathering, design, development, testing, and deployment, is crucial for a software tester.

Testing Methodologies and Tools

Familiarity with various testing methodologies such as black-box testing, white-box testing, and automated testing is essential. Knowledge of testing tools and frameworks like Selenium, JUnit, or TestNG is advantageous.

Programming and Scripting

Proficiency in programming languages like Java, C#, Python, or scripting languages like JavaScript is valuable for creating and executing automated test scripts.

Testing Techniques

Knowledge of different testing techniques, such as functional testing, performance testing, security testing, and usability testing is important for effective software testing.

Attention to Detail

Software testers need to have a keen eye for detail to identify and report even the smallest defects or anomalies in the software.

Analytical and Problem-Solving Skills

Strong analytical skills are necessary to understand complex software systems and troubleshoot issues effectively.

Average Salary of a Software Tester in India

The average salary of a software tester in India varies based on their level of experience. Here is a breakdown of the average salary range for software testers at different stages of their career:

Salary by Experience

  • Entry level - Average Salary Range: ₹3,00,000 - ₹5,00,000 per annum
  • Early Career (1-4 years) - Average Salary Range: ₹4,50,000 - ₹7,00,000 per annum
  • Mid Career (4-9 years) - Average Salary Range: ₹7,00,000 - ₹12,00,000 per annum
  • Experienced (10+) - Average Salary Range: ₹12,00,000+ per annum

Software Testing Salary Based on Testing Types

The demand for automation testers and performance testers is often higher, leading to relatively higher salary ranges compared to manual testers or ETL testers.

  • Manual Tester - Average Salary Range: ₹3,00,000 - ₹6,00,000 per annum
  • Automation Tester - Average Salary Range: ₹4,00,000 - ₹9,00,000 per annum
  • ETL tester/ Data warehousing tester - Average Salary Range: ₹4,50,000 - ₹10,00,000 per annum
  • Performance tester - Average Salary Range: ₹5,00,000 - ₹12,00,000 per annum

Factors Affecting Software Tester Salary in India

Company - The reputation, size, and financial stability of the company can influence the salary offered to software testers. Established companies and multinational corporations often offer higher salaries compared to smaller organizations.

Location - The city or region where the job is located can impact the salary. Major IT hubs like Bengaluru, Hyderabad, Pune, and Chennai typically offer higher salaries due to the presence of numerous technology companies.

Experience - The level of experience plays a significant role in determining the salary. More experienced testers with a proven track record may command higher salaries due to their expertise and ability to handle complex testing scenarios.

Skills - Additional skills and certifications in specific testing tools, programming languages, and methodologies can positively impact salary negotiations. Testers with in-demand skills and domain knowledge often receive higher compensation.

How to Become a Software Tester?

Earn an Undergraduate Degree

Even though it is not always mandatory, having an undergraduate degree in a relevant field like engineering, math, or computer science can provide a strong foundation for a software testing career. The specific area of study can offer different insights and skills that are valuable in the testing process. Even some companies specify undergraduate degrees as recruitment eligibility.

Learn Coding Skills

Familiarizing yourself with computer coding can enhance your abilities as a software tester. Hence, taking online courses or attending coding classes is recommended to improve your skills and be better equipped to identify issues or challenges in software programs.

Gain Relevant Experience

Building practical experience is crucial in software testing. Look for opportunities such as quality assurance or data analyst positions that allow you to develop analytical capabilities and understand consumer needs. Depending on your educational background, seek positions that closely involve working with computer programs or coding.

Earn Certifications

Earning certifications are not mandatory but can enhance your credentials and showcase your expertise. Two notable certifications in software testing are the International Software Testing Qualifications Board (ISTQB) Tester and the Certified Software Tester (CSTE). These certifications assess your knowledge and skills in software testing, quality control, and IT proficiency.

Choose The Right Software Development Program

This table compares various courses offered by Simplilearn, based on several key features and details. The table provides an overview of the courses' duration, skills you will learn, additional benefits, among other important factors, to help learners make an informed decision about which course best suits their needs.

Program Name Full Stack Java Developer Career Bootcamp Automation Testing Masters Program Post Graduate Program in Full Stack Web Development
Geo IN All Non-US
University Simplilearn Simplilearn Caltech
Course Duration 11 Months 11 Months 9 Months
Coding Experience Required Basic Knowledge Basic Knowledge Basic Knowledge
Skills You Will Learn 15+ Skills Including Core Java, SQL, AWS, ReactJS, etc. Java, AWS, API Testing, TDD, etc. Java, DevOps, AWS, HTML5, CSS3, etc.
Additional Benefits Interview Preparation
Exclusive Job Portal
200+ Hiring Partners
Structured Guidance
Learn From Experts
Hands-on Training
Caltech CTME Circle Membership
Learn 30+ Tools and Skills
25 CEUs from Caltech CTME
Cost $$ $$ $$$
Explore Program Explore Program Explore Program


Hope this article was able to help you gain a better understanding of software tester salary in India. If you are looking to enhance your skills as a software tester further, we would highly recommend you to check Simplilearn’s Automation Testing Masters Program. This program can help you hone the right software testing skills and become job-ready in no time.

If you have any questions or queries, feel free to post them in the comments section below. Our team will get back to you at the earliest.


1. What are the top skills required to be a software tester?

Top skills for software testers are:

  • Analytical thinking 
  • Attention to detail 
  • Problem-solving
  • Communication 
  • Technical proficiency

2. What are the top-paying industries for software testers in India?

Top-paying industries for software testers in India: 

  • IT services
  • Software development
  • E-commerce
  • Finance 
  • Healthcare

3. Is software testing a good career?

Software testing is a good career choice with growth opportunities, job security, and a critical role in ensuring software quality and user satisfaction.

4. Are software testing jobs in demand?

Software testing jobs are in high demand due to the increasing reliance on software and the need for thorough testing to deliver high-quality products.

5. Is testing a coding job?

Testing involves some coding, but it is not purely a coding job. Testers use coding skills to create automated tests and analyze code, but they focus on testing software functionality and quality.

Our Software Development Courses Duration And Fees

Software Development Course typically range from a few weeks to several months, with fees varying based on program and institution.

Program NameDurationFees
Caltech Coding Bootcamp

Cohort Starts: 5 Aug, 2024

6 Months$ 8,000
Full Stack Java Developer

Cohort Starts: 30 Jul, 2024

6 Months$ 1,449
Full Stack Developer - MERN Stack

Cohort Starts: 30 Jul, 2024

6 Months$ 1,449
Automation Test Engineer

Cohort Starts: 7 Aug, 2024

11 Months$ 1,499

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