The first step to getting a job is to prepare for the interview. Doing some research makes you feel more confident, calm, and prepared. 

Here we present to you some of the most commonly asked LINQ interview questions and answers that will help you crack the tech interview easily. 

LINQ refers to Language Integrated Query. LINQ allows joining several data sources in a single query and breaking complex problems into a set of short queries that are easy to debug. LINQ enables querying and manipulating data independently of data sources. It also gives full type safety and compile time checking. Read the top LINQ interview questions below:-

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Top LINQ Interview Questions and Answers For 2023

1. Explain what the Where clause?

It permits the addition of some filters to the query. The where clause filters the collection according to the given condition and returns a new collection. It requests a Boolean constraint (predicate) to each source element (referenced by the range variable) and returns those for which the defined condition is true.

2. What do you mean by an Anonymous function?

As the name suggests, the function with no name is called an anonymous function. Only parameters are defined for an Anonymous (unnamed) function, and code is written within the curly braces.

3. What is the use of anonymous functions?

Anonymous functions are usually arguments passed to higher-order functions or used for composing the result of a higher-order function that needs to return a function. If the function is used once or a limited number of times, then an anonymous function can be comparatively syntactically lighter than a named function.

4. How is LINQ better than the stored procedures?

  • Debugging Stored Procedures is tough, but it is relatively easier to debug LINQ's queries.
  • LINQ is Type Safe. Thus, query errors are revised at the time of compilation.
  • The deployment is managed by passing an extra script for stored procedures, but with LINQ, deployment is comparatively simple and easy.

5. Mention the advantages of using LINQ in a Dataset?

  • The main goal of using LINQ is to recover complex queries in data.
  • Strongly typed queries can be run on datasets by using LINQ. LINQ has a common syntax to query any data source type.
  • Values of two datasets can be combined using LINQ.
  • Unique values from a dataset can be extracted with the help of LINQ.

6. What are LINQ query expressions?

The query expression is a query expressed in the query syntax. LINQ query expression is a union of query clauses that recognize the data sources for the query. It holds information for sorting, filtering, grouping, or joining to apply to the source code.

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7. Explain what Query variables are?

A query variable is any variable that accumulates a query instead of the results of a query. In LINQ, a query variable is an enumerable type that will generate a sequence of elements when it is iterated over in a statement.

8. How are DataContext classes used in LINQ?

DataContext class works like a passing point between the SQL Server database and the LINQ to SQL. It consists of connection strings and functions to approach the database and modify the data in the database. It is the foundation of all accesses mapped over a database connection. It is used in the manipulation of data in the database. It is lightweight and very cheap to create.

9. Could you explain what LINQ compiled queries are?

This is used when you want to execute a particular query repeatedly. LINQ makes this task easy by enabling the creation of a query and always compiling it. Some benefits of compiled queries:

  • The query does need to be compiled each time; thus, the execution of the query is very fast.
  • The query does need to be recompiled even if the parameter of the query is being replaced.
  • The query is compiled once and can be used any number of times.

10. What is LET?

LET allows you to introduce a variable and assign a value calculated from the data values in a LINQ query. It allows storing the result of a query which can be used in a subsequent query.

11. What is LINQ to XML?

LINQ to XML provides integral document modification abilities of DOM and supports the LINQ queries. It provides to develop the queries and recover and lead a compilation of the attributes and elements. Through it, a query can be amended, and the modifications of the XML document can be stored.

12. Differentiate N-layer and N-tier architecture?

N-Layer

N-Tier

In this, communication between layers is explicit and loosely coupled.

Communication between the tiers is asynchronous to maintain scalability.

N-Layers refer to the internal architecture of the component.

N-Tier refers to the actual n system components of an application.

A layer mentions pieces of software that are logically separated, but they typically live within the same process and device.

A tier connects to pieces of software that live in distinct processes or AppDomains or devices.

13. Describe LINQ Architecture briefly?

LINQ consists of three-layered architecture. In the uppermost layer, there are language extensions. The bottom layer contains data sources. Data sources are the object execution of the IQueryable or IEnumerable generic interfaces. Apart from the fundamental LINQ query and the data sources, another element is called the LINQ provider. The applicability of LINQ providers is changing LINQ Query into the format so already existing data sources can understand it.

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14. What are LINQ entity classes?

Entity classes are used to compile a set of data operations in a single class. Entity classes are the fundamental building blocks of systems progressed on LINQ. In LINQ, the entity classes, which are object wrappers for any database table, have a stereotype of the entity. LINQ to entity implies drafting the LINQ queries over the entity framework object.

FAQs

1. What is the main purpose of LINQ?

LINQ implies Language Integrated Query (pronounced as “link”). It is a Microsoft .NET language extension that supports data retrieval from data sources such as XML documents, databases, and collections.

2. What is LINQ syntax?

LINQ syntax comprises a set of query keywords defined in the .NET Framework version 3.5 or Higher. This allows the programmer to write the commands similar to SQL style in the code (C# or VB.NET) without using quotes. It is also known as the Query Expression Syntax. It is integrated into C# or VB, by eliminating the inconsistency between programming languages and databases, furthermore providing a single querying interface for different types of data sources. 

3. Mention the three main components of LINQ?

Three main components of LINQ are mentioned below. 

  • Standard Query Operators
  • LINQ Providers
  • Language extensions 

4. What are the types of LINQ?

The types of LINQ are as follows:

  • LINQ to Dataset
  • LINQ to Objects
  • LINQ to Entities
  • LINQ to XML(XLINQ)
  • LINQ to SQL (DLINQ)

Apart from the above-mentioned types, there is one more LINQ type named PLINQ, which is Microsoft’s parallel LINQ. 

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Conclusion

These are the most important and common LINQ interview questions and answers for 2023. These questions and answers include both basic and advanced concepts of LINQ. The topics that you revised from this LINQ interview question blog will surely help you pass your technical job interviews. But you should ensure that you understand the concepts in detail and not just memorize the LINQ interview questions. If you understand the concepts and prepare for the HR interviews, you can surely get your dream job.

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