Top Microsoft Azure Interview Questions and Answers

If you’re pursuing a career in cloud computing, you’re making a smart move. Cloud computing is becoming the norm in the business world as organizations realize they can be more efficient and lower costs with this model. Spending on public cloud services is expected to reach $302.5 billion by 2021.

This increase in spending means rapid job growth in the field, with LinkedIn reporting that “cloud and distributed computing” topped the list of sought-after skills in 2017. Job postings for cloud computing grew by 121 percent between 2013 and 2017, according to Burning Glass Technologies and the money is there for those who are qualified for the jobs. The average salary for a cloud engineer is $116,820, according to Indeed.

What does that mean for you? Plenty of potential in the cloud computing space! And that’s regardless of the cloud platform. Although Amazon Web Services (AWS) tends to dominate the market when you look at market share, Microsoft Azure is rapidly gaining, with a growth rate that’s almost double that of AWS. Azure revenue grew by 89 percent in the fourth quarter of 2018, and 97 percent during the same period the year before.

Preparing for Azure Interview Questions 

Are you preparing for Azure interview questions as you get ready to make your next cloud computing move? If so, read on for practice Azure interview questions and answers. We can’t promise you that you’ll be asked all these questions, nor can we tell you exactly what you’ll be asked, but preparing ahead of time with these will help you get mentally ready for the experience. And remember: although the cloud computing job market is booming and plenty of businesses are hiring Azure cloud architects, you will still have competition for that job. Be ready to make your best first impression by preparing for that interview.

Q: Why did you choose a career in cloud computing?  

A: These types of Azure interview questions require a thoughtful, honest response. By thinking through your answer ahead of time, you’ll be ready to say something your interviewer will approve of. Show that you care about the field and that you have a passion for cloud computing and the problems it can solve.

Q: Why did you choose Microsoft Azure and not AWS?

A: Your response to this question is based on your own background and experience. Maybe you come from a developer background so Azure appealed to you. Maybe your first cloud computing role just happened to be with Azure. As with the question above, the key here is to be ready to give an intelligent answer to the question.

Q: How does Microsoft Azure compare to AWS?

A: This might be a matter of opinion for you, so answer as you see fit. In general, people say Azure is a better choice because it’s a Microsoft product, making it easier for organizations already using Windows Server, SQL Server, and Exchange to move to the cloud. In addition, because of Microsoft’s deep knowledge of developer tools, Azure offers multiple app deployment options for developers which makes it stand out against AWS.

Q: How did you learn Azure?

A: Did you learn Azure through a certification? Through on-the-job experience? A little of each? However you learned it, make sure to demonstrate to the interviewer that you have practical experience (if you’re new to the field) and that you are continuing to learn.

Q: Tell me about a problem you solved at your prior job.

A: This is something to spend some time on when you’re preparing responses to possible Azure interview questions. As a cloud architect, you need to show that you are a good listener and problem solver, as well as a good communicator. Yes, you need to know the technology, but cloud computing does not usually involve sitting isolated in a cubicle. You’ll have stakeholders to listen to, problems to solve, and options to present. When you answer questions like these, try to convey that you are a team player and good communicator, in addition to being a really good Azure architect!

Q: What are the different storage options with Azure?

A: Should your interview start to get technical, there are countless questions you might be asked. You can’t predict them. We can’t predict them. So we’ve brainstormed some possible Azure interview questions and answers for you to study, prepare for and practice. Do this, and you’ll walk into your interview with much more confidence! Now, onto the different storage options with Azure. These options include a blog, table, and queue options. Be prepared to expand on the benefits of each as well.

Q: What is the benefit of the Azure CDN?

A: The Content Delivery Network (or CDN) in Azure offers the same benefits as other CDNs: it can be used to reduce load times and bandwidth as well as speed up responsiveness.

Q: What is Azure Virtual Network?

A: Azure Virtual Network enables Azure resources like Virtual Machines to securely communicate with each other, with the Internet and with on-site networks. It lets you implement multiple virtual networks, as well as filter or even route network traffic, and to connect virtual networks to each other.

Q: What are Azure Virtual Machines used for?

A: Speaking of virtual, Azure Virtual Machines are used in the same way any virtual machines are used: to add computing power without adding hardware. Azure supports Windows Server (of course), Linux, SAP, Oracle, IBM and SQL Server.

Q: What is Azure Cloud Service?

A: Azure Cloud Service lets you deploy a multi-tier web application in Azure, with multiple roles to distribute processing and enable flexible scaling of your application. It lets you support more complex multi-tier architectures.

Q: What is Azure Active Directory?

A: Azure Active Directory is an Identity and Access Management system, similar to other active directories. It lets you grant employee access to specific products and services within your network.

Q: What is PowerShell and how is it used?

A: Windows PowerShell has been around for a long time. It can be used to automate tedious tasks. Azure PowerShell is used to manage and administer Azure resources from the command line, as well as to build automation scripts for use with the resource manager.

Q: Explain HDInsight.

A: Azure HDInsight is a cloud service that makes it easy, fast and cost-effective to process massive amounts of data using open-source frameworks like Hadoop, Spark, Hive, LLAP, Kafka, Storm and R. HDInsight can enable a broad range of scenarios, including ETL, data warehousing, and Machine Learning, to name a few.

Q: How do you stay current on Microsoft Azure?

A: Technology is rapidly changing, especially in the cloud computing space, and Microsoft regular makes updates to Azure. How do you stay on top of it all? Your interviewer will want to know that if you’re hired for the job, you’ll stay current. If you’ve earned a certification, definitely mention that. But also look into forums, user groups and other resources for staying current, and be ready to talk about them when answering Azure interview questions.

Are You Ready for These Microsoft Azure Questions?

If reading through these Azure interview questions and answers has you a little unsure about how well you’ll do in an interview, here’s a solution: earn a certification first. With an Azure certification, you’ll know more about the platform and you’ll be able to answer even very technical questions. More importantly, you’ll add credibility to your résumé as well as give your confidence a boost.

The Architecting Microsoft Azure Solutions (70-535) certification training course will help you master Microsoft Azure solution design and architecture. Through demonstrations and practical applications, you’ll learn to design scalable, resilient infrastructure and platform solutions. In addition, you’ll learn to make informed decisions when designing public and hybrid cloud solutions. This training is designed specifically for the 70-535 exam, which focuses on design and architecture elements.

When it comes to cloud computing, the sky’s the limit. And when it comes to your cloud computing career, your only limitations are your knowledge, experience and interview skills. Earn a certification to boost your knowledge and experience, then practice for your critical Azure interview. What then? Then you’ll say of your own career: the sky’s the limit!

About the Author

Shardul Prakash MohiteShardul Prakash Mohite

Shardul heads Product Management at Simplilearn. He has over 10+ years of entrepreneurial experience in building products for international markets in domains such as education, video, and sports. Prior to this role, Shardul was a co-founder at a SaaS-based video-tech startup. He believes in first-principle thinking and is a life-long student of human behavior, user experience, data-driven decision making, and lean thinking. Shardul is a computer engineering graduate from Pune University, India. He is an avid reader, enjoys long drives and travel.

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