Successful security teams are always looking for a critical vulnerability. One problem is that the average person or organization doesn’t typically encounter the most sophisticated or high-severity vulnerabilities that sufficiently large organizations do. And if they do, the average person or organization won’t know how to fix them. There are, however, no hard limits on what happens if a vulnerability is discovered. Vulnerability researchers sometimes release an exposure to the public and watch as thousands of people attempt to exploit it. In this scenario, the average person or organization may learn about the vulnerability but won’t know what they can do to protect themselves from it.

The only way a cybersecurity defense succeeds is to gather new information about vulnerabilities discovered by other groups and provide real-time alerts that allow immediate and relevant response capabilities, rather than rely on gut instinct or previous limited information.

Cybersecurity Bootcamp

Certificate and Masterclasses From UCI DCEExplore Now
Cybersecurity Bootcamp

Many security tools now offer that capability, but you must be able to assess the risk associated with each incident. The common problem is that because most organizations have limited people and budgets, it is difficult for teams to develop the expertise needed to assess the risk of an attack before it occurs. And even after an attack, there is typically a lag in providing alerts to employees, customers, and partners. In these cases, a “worst-case” analysis should be conducted to calculate the probability of discovering any lost data, network infiltration, and the amount of time required to remediate the problem. For example, you will want to protect your website from attacks that could lead to data loss. According to TechJury, the number of websites attacked daily is 30,000, with 64% of every business worldwide having received at least one cyber-attack.

This analysis should also quantify the likelihood of a repeat attack. The data analysis allows for better prioritization of the threat and research required to calculate what type of resources should be allocated to mitigate the risk. Examples include personnel and resources to manage the incident response, third-party resources to assist in remediation, and outside assistance to remediate the threat.

Finally, your organization must communicate with its technology and business unit teams about how it is mitigating the threat and train and educate others who might be affected. With a timely, proactive response to the danger, you can prove that your organization has appropriate systems to mitigate the risk.

Continuous Monitoring of Defenses

Security Monitoring uses technology to monitor defenses and enable you to see and respond to new behavior. The notification of a system attack can be an email, text message, or information to a communication tool such as Slack. IT Ticket Management Systems can send notifications when connected to security monitoring. This automated notification helps reduce the impact of new vulnerabilities.

These new behaviors in your system might include subtle anomalies like crashes, unexpected application behavior, or malicious activity. In addition to all the impact on a plan, it’s critical to identify any issues and risks associated with a given vulnerability and implement remediation, detection, and response. 

PGP in Cyber Security With Modules From MIT SCC

Your Cyber Security Career Success Starts Here!View Course
PGP  in Cyber Security With Modules From MIT SCC

Automation and Orchestration

Ultimately, an effective security monitoring and management platform helps you automate your processes, regardless of how small or complex the process is.

These automated processes should be built on best security practices and not compromise end-user privacy.

Nowadays, several solutions work across multiple areas of security:

  • User threat detection
  • System defense
  • Policy-based intrusion prevention
  • Endpoint security
  • Network defense

And others, including SCADA (Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition) and SCADA systems, are older platforms that haven’t yet moved beyond simple intrusion prevention or vulnerability assessment. Modern users should be concerned that lacking attention to these weaknesses could allow attackers to bypass defenses. For instance, network and other cyber security tools that prevent unauthorized access to information often employ default passwords that don’t match what the user may have assigned to the device. The result is that even if these systems can restrict access to some network regions, they may be unable to detect whether the information is reaching the right place. This vulnerability is the problem that many companies face when they have thousands of control systems. The solution is to give teams the ability to create access-control lists and sub-lists of authorized individuals or devices. They can create their own rules and write access controls into the configuration management system.

Centralized Vulnerability Scanning and Alerts

With centralized vulnerability scanning, you can find, identify, and remediate threats as soon as they appear, rather than doing extensive manual scanning that takes hours or days to complete and addresses a small percentage of threats.

The SCADA systems that are often used in enterprises are very complex, and, unfortunately, there is little understanding of how to implement the necessary patch management process. Some solutions like SCADA Security Scan include new features that might be considered essential for enterprises to manage their security and are trying to address that issue. Still, the main drawback is that these solutions lack a complete, automated vulnerability management tool.

A centralized vulnerability management solution is needed in these areas for enterprise systems and critical infrastructure. A centralized vulnerability scanning solution will also help eliminate single points of failure and help organizations track their progress towards their cybersecurity goals. The more vulnerability scanning you do on your network, the more likely you’ll get an accurate picture of it.

Similarly, a centralized vulnerability management solution will help to give you peace of mind. It enables IT to have greater visibility into the status of every security component in the company, and it ensures you can do everything necessary to manage their security as they perform their day-to-day duties. As mentioned earlier, visibility into the status of security components is critical because it allows you to prevent issues before they occur and manage everything after.

Cybersecurity Expert Master's Program

Master the Skills of a Cybersecurity ProfessionalView Course
Cybersecurity Expert Master's Program

Incident Response

A centralized vulnerability management solution helps ensure that you can quickly investigate and respond to incidents in your network and your company.

Organizations affected by a breach often attempt to respond immediately, but this involves multiple people. In many cases, the person who has to understand the incident response process and even write the response relies on external resources like Twitter or Reddit to find out what happened and what will make things better. If you’re a large enterprise, it may not be feasible to support your research, response, and event analysis staff, or you may have multiple teams responsible for performing that work. Instead, you may need to find a solution to assist your teams.

When finding the right cybersecurity solution for your organization, look for tools specifically tailored to the type of data or work your team is doing. These could range from instruments that can assist with threat analysis to agencies that provide context-aware alerting and remediation to tools that alert people to internal security events that might impact the organization. There are many different tools on the market: some solutions are designed for specific use cases, and others are designed to serve all the needs of an enterprise.

Grab the opportunity to be a part of the MIT CSAIL Professional Programs community and interact with your peers. Attend masterclasses from MIT faculty in our PGP in Cyber Security and expedite your cybersecurity career in no time!

Conclusion

Simplilearn offers a range of comprehensive skills training programs in cyber security, such as the Post Graduate Program in Cyber Security. This six-month online bootcamp featuring live virtual classrooms, hands-on labs, and projects. The curriculum includes modules and masterclasses from MIT. This program gives you in-depth expertise in cyber security.

About the Author

Matthew DavidMatthew David

Matt is a Digital Leader at Accenture. His passion is a combination of solving today's problems to run more efficiently, adjusting focus to take advantage of digital tools to improve tomorrow and move organizations to new ways of working that impact the future.

View More
  • Disclaimer
  • PMP, PMI, PMBOK, CAPM, PgMP, PfMP, ACP, PBA, RMP, SP, and OPM3 are registered marks of the Project Management Institute, Inc.
  • *According to Simplilearn survey conducted and subject to terms & conditions with Ernst & Young LLP (EY) as Process Advisors