Open-source technology has been shaping tech companies over the years, from being the preferred tool of programmers to the default choice for software architecture in organizations worldwide. As data becomes more ubiquitous and valuable, open-source has transformed how organizations do business. More and more organizations are adopting open source technology to gain a competitive advantage and better business outcomes. Unsurprisingly, the ability to work with open-source software is becoming a must in the software industry. We have curated a list of the leading open-source technologies for 2022. 

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What Are Open Source Technologies?  

Open source is a kind of licensing agreement that allows users to freely inspect, copy, modify and redistribute a software, and have full access to the underlying source code. Simply put, open source refers to software created by a developer who pledges to make the entire software source code available to users. On the other hand, proprietary or “closed source” software has source code that only the creator can legally copy, inspect, and modify. Top Open source technologies celebrate the principle of open exchange, shared participation, transparency, and community-oriented development. 

However, open-source software is not necessarily free. The source code is freely available to anyone, but the executable software is sometimes available upon subscription. The best open source technologies allow users to download, modify and distribute it without paying any license fees to its original creator.  

Different kinds of software programs like operating systems, applications, databases, games, and even programming languages can be open source. Open source technology can be used by programmers as well as non-programmers because it enables anyone with skills to become innovators and contribute code. When source code is open, it offers advantages to businesses and individual programmers. Businesses can customize open-source software to meet their specific needs or make innovations that are not included in the original source code. People worldwide are using open-source software like Linux or browsers like Firefox to develop websites and applications. 

Top Open Source Technologies for 2022

Today’s open-source technologies produce cutting-edge software for free, lowering IT costs for businesses. Here’s a list of some of the most innovative and top open source technologies to master for software development, cloud computing, devops, machine learning, and many more applications. 

1. Mozilla Firefox

Mozilla Firefox is a free and open-source internet browser that offers numerous plugins which can be accessed with a single mouse click. Available for Android, iOS, Linux, and Windows, Mozilla is free to use, modify and redistribute. Mozilla was born about 20 years ago out of the open-source software movement, and over the years, it reshaped the technology industry and the way social networks and operating systems operate. Today, open-source is mainstream, and it powers tech giants like Google, Facebook, and even Microsoft.   

2. LibreOffice

LibreOffice is a free and open-source alternative to Microsoft Office. It is a complete office suite like MS Office, with which you can offer presentations, documents, spreadsheets, and databases. LibreOffice is used by millions of people all over the world. The clean interface and feature-rich tools of this open-source software allow users to use their creativity and enhance productivity. Unlike Microsoft Office, which is available at a price, LibreOffice is accessible totally free. This makes it the most versatile open-source office suite available in the market. The software is available in Mac, Linux, and Windows and is compatible with all kinds of document formats, including Microsoft Word, Excel, PowerPoint, and Publisher.

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3. GIMP

The photo editing tool GIMP is one of the most popular and best maintained open-source software available. It offers image editing, filters, effects, and flexibility features like some of the expensive image editing tools, yet it is completely free. With GIMP, you can use layers, filters, automatic photo enhancement features, and create new graphic design elements easily. Available across different operating systems, including Windows, Mac, and Linux, GIMP has a fully customizable interface and allows users to download plug-ins created by the GIMP community. It is a favored photo editor of photographers, graphic designers, and illustrators. 

4. VLC Media Player

The VLC multimedia player is a free open source software used for video, audio, and media files. Most users use VLC to play discs, webcams, streams, and devices. VLC media player allows optimizing multimedia files for specific hardware configuration and offers numerous extensions for users to create customized designs. On top of it, the software runs on different platforms like Android, Mac OS X, Linux, Windows, iOS. 

5. Shotcut

This free, open-source video editing software offers advanced editing features like premium editors. Preferred for its ability to edit every format of audio, video, or photo media, Shotcut also offers HDMI preview and capture, a plethora of codecs, and non-destructive audio and video editing. This allows users to compile effects without any loss in video quality. 

6. Brave

The open-source Brave web browser is designed to keep browsing activity private by automatically disabling website trackers and blocking ads. Brave offers a faster and more secure browsing experience than with Google Chrome, plus users can access most Google Chrome extensions. 

7. Linux

Linux is the most in-demand open-source operating system available in the market. Most commonly used on desktops and Android devices, Linux comes absolutely free and is extremely customizable. The reasons for the immense popularity of Linux are its user-friendliness, strong security features, and excellent community support. 

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8. Python

One of the most popular programming and scripting languages used by software developers, Python, is an open-source software that is free to use and distribute. It is powerful and fast, easy to learn and use, and runs everywhere, which is why developers choose Python as one of the top open-source technologies available. 

9. PHP

PHP is an open-source scripting language used for creating dynamic and interactive web pages and various digital platforms. PHP can be embedded into HTML. What sets PHP from other languages is that it is extremely simple for a beginner to learn but offers many advanced features for professional developers. Some of the most powerful websites like Slack and Spotify have been powered by PHP. 

10. GNU Compiler Collection

The GNU Compiler Collection is a set of compilation and development tools used for software development in C, C++, Ada, Fortran, and other programming languages. This free software provides regular, high-quality releases which work well with native and cross targets. The sources of the GNU Compiler collection are available for free via Git and weekly snapshots. The collection is available on Linux, Windows, and other operating systems.   

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How to Build a Career in Open Source Technologies?

The Open Source Services market includes services in consultation, implementation, support, management, maintenance, and training. With open source making huge inroads in networking, database, and security, numerous job opportunities have opened up in the domain. 

If you are a developer looking to master new skills through collaborative work, you can pursue a career in Open source. Being part of an open-source community will expand your network with fellow programmers and add more credentials to your resume. 

Kick-start a career in open source technologies with certification courses on free and open-source software. Learn how to use PHP XML on the Linux platform to develop, test and deploy open source applications. 

Upgrade your web development skills with online certifications like Java Certification Training Course from Simplilearn, the leading online Bootcamp. Another certification to consider is the Big Data Engineering certification course to help you master job critical big data engineering skills. Visit Simplilearn to learn more about how to get hired as an Open source professional.

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Simplilearn is one of the world’s leading providers of online training for Digital Marketing, Cloud Computing, Project Management, Data Science, IT, Software Development, and many other emerging technologies.

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