GitHub is a great way to manage the code you want to commit to your projects. The site allows you to mark your code as ready to commit (file changes) and gives you access to all of the project's repositories for additional regulation.

To get started, go to the developer tools tab of the GitHub site and click on the upload button to initiate a code upload. You should view a sample file with all the information you need to edit your code. We'll go into detail on how to create a GitHub account later.

After you upload your code, you will need to authorize the person who will have the final say in approving or disapproving of your changes. This person is called a pull request reviewer. The pull request format will become familiar to you after covering it more.

To make a pull request, simply select the pull request you want to contribute to, provide a brief description, and make a contribution. Remember, the information you give will be accessible to the entire GitHub community for approval or disapproval. If you don't mind interacting with the Github community, then go ahead and submit a pull request.

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Using the GitHub Issue Tracker

A project's issue tracker allows you to provide feedback and receive feedback from others. A new issue is created for every change you make and the file you upload. You can follow the progress of your changes by viewing the issue tracker and waiting for feedback from the community.

The steps for creating an issue can be similar to the steps above. You will need to use an account with GitHub to do this. If you want to use a work email address, you can get your employer's permission to use it. In addition to a GitHub account, you will also need to create a GitHub account. You can learn more about GitHub accounts here.

Reviewing a Pull Request

After creating a pull request, you can check it to make sure everything is working correctly. However, your contributions are still being reviewed. The reviewer's name, email address, and password are also visible. In addition to watching for issues, they will also want to see if you have followed the guideline for writing clear and concise comments.

The best way to provide a reasonable comment is to follow the guideline for writing good code comments on GitHub. 

Making Your First Pull Request

If you're at the point where you are ready to create your first pull request, let's go over the steps. To do so, first, click on the "Repository" button on the right. You will be taken to the project's dashboard. The first step is to click on "View" in the left navigation. From there, select the "Repository" menu item and click on "Pull Request."

The page will display a project with two pull requests, each one awaiting review. Click on the "Summary" button on the left. You will be prompted for the name of the contribution. You will then need to summarize the code change you want to make. This summary can include the file's name, a description of the changes, and an explanation for the proposed code changes. It is also recommended that you provide an example of what the code should look like. Remember, the reviewer's name, email address, and password are still visible in the left navigation on the project page.

Once the contributor has provided the description and the summary, you will need to provide any additional comments that you would like the reviewer to review. Remember, you should only write words that will be helpful to the reviewer. Once the contributor has provided a sufficient description, you can click on the "Update Review" button at the bottom of the page.

The reviewer will then review your proposal. Once they are done, you can check the review results and accept the pull request. Note that the reviewer will not have any ownership over the contribution you just made. Instead, they will review the contribution to ensure it aligns with the code review guideline and any additional comments you provided. They will then send a message to the contributor to let them know that the review is complete and waiting for a response.

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A Review

After you have reviewed your contribution, the reviewer will send you an email to let you know if they approved the pull request or rejected it. If you have followed the rules, you will receive an email from the reviewer, who can add additional comments to your pull request.

If you do not receive a response from the reviewer within two business days of the review, the pull request will be automatically rejected. If the study does not meet the reviewer's expectations, the project team can still leave the contribution on the pull request. It is recommended that you do not attempt to modify the code or add new code until you have had a chance to review the review from the project team.

Pull Request Guidelines

There are some essential guidelines to keep in mind when reviewing pull requests. These guidelines are intended to make the process of contributing to a GitHub project more pleasant and to make sure your code is reviewed in a way that works well. You can find the complete list of pull request guidelines here. However, you will notice that there are several related sections. These sections cover pull request formatting and code style, how to address pull request conflicts, and how to respond to reviews.

Pull Request Formatting and Code Style

If you want your pull request to look professional, you will need to format your code appropriately. You should follow several guidelines to do this. The most important is the guideline for indentation.

Eight spaces should indent each line of code. If a line of code is more than 16 characters, you will need to indent the code multiple times. For example, the following code is already indented but is over 16 characters long.

The most important part of formatting your pull request is the Equality Case when Nodes are referenced.

You can style your pull request in some ways. It is important to remember that you should always use the equality case when referring to nodes. To use case-insensitive styles for Node identifiers, you will need to include the "[case]" modifier on the first line of the first attribute of the Node:

One common mistake is to use the equality case for Node identifiers. There is no point in having your entire pull request with your node identifiers case-insensitive. There will be bugs in the pull request, which will require merging back to the main branch. The more lines of code you have in a pull request, the more likely one of those lines will cause a merge conflict.

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Code Style and Manipulation

The code style you will need to follow while submitting pull requests is different from that you need to follow while writing your pull request. The Pull Request Style Guide provides an example of a pull request style expected to be used by many projects. However, you will need to take special care when modifying the pull request you submit to GitHub. There are four things to be mindful of while changing your pull request, and you must follow each of them to ensure that your code is checked and is consistent:

  1. Avoid repetition.
  2. Use capitalized names for named parameters and return values.
  3. Use the same name for a variable and a function, regardless of how many times they are used in the body of a block of code. This consistency will make it easier for your review to locate the code and review it thoroughly. You should use capitalized names for named parameters and return values.
  4. Use a consistent naming convention. Don't use words like lambda, function, and module anywhere in your code unless your code is written in Python. It is better to use language-specific terms, such as the Python keyword for a function, rather than your school-of-choice.

Creating a GitHub Account

You will need a GitHub account to use GitHub to create pull requests. You can find information on how to create a GitHub account at http://developer.github.com/faq. You will also need an account to generate pull requests. You can create an account by clicking on the "Sign Up for Free" button at http://create.github.com/.

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Summary 

GitHub issues provide the first and most crucial step toward getting code into production. By using GitHub issues, you will improve your business processes and simultaneously make it easier to become better at programming. It is always a good idea to apply any tips you have learned about GitHub issues when writing your pull requests.

Simplilearn offers a Git Training Course as standalone training. Git training is also included in Simplilearn’s comprehensive DevOps programs, such as the Post Graduate Program in DevOps in collaboration with Caltech CTME.

About the Author

Matthew DavidMatthew David

Matt is a Digital Leader at Accenture. His passion is a combination of solving today's problems to run more efficiently, adjusting focus to take advantage of digital tools to improve tomorrow and move organizations to new ways of working that impact the future.

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