A few years ago, programming languages were only known by software developers. These days, with the rise of new technologies, programming skills are needed for almost all non-developer jobs as well. As such, there is a need for a simple programming language that is easy to learn, but can also provide fast edit cycles and smooth development. Python is a language that meets all of these needs. According to the TIOBE Programming Community Index, Python is one of the top programming languages of 2020. Python’s rise in popularity is due to its use in booming fields such as AI, data mining and numerical computing. 

Let us begin with the Python features and advantages.

Python Features and Advantages

The following are some of the features in Python that are discussed below:

1. Easy to Code

Python is a very high-level programming language, yet it is effortless to learn. Anyone can learn to code in Python in just a few hours or a few days. Mastering Python and all its advanced concepts, packages and modules might take some more time. However, learning the basic Python syntax is very easy, as compared to other popular languages like C, C++, and Java. 

Let us now look at the next feature of python.

2. Easy to Read

Python code looks like simple English words. There is no use of semicolons or brackets, and the indentations define the code block. You can tell what the code is supposed to do simply by looking at it. 

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We will now look into the next Python features.

3. Free and Open-Source

Python is developed under an OSI-approved open source license. Hence, it is completely free to use, even for commercial purposes. It doesn't cost anything to download Python or to include it in your application. It can also be freely modified and re-distributed. Python can be downloaded from the official Python website.

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4. Robust Standard Library

Python has an extensive standard library available for anyone to use. This means that programmers don’t have to write their code for every single thing unlike other programming languages. There are libraries for image manipulation, databases, unit-testing, expressions and a lot of other functionalities. In addition to the standard library, there is also a growing collection of thousands of components, which are all available in the Python Package Index.

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We'll now learn about the next feature of python.

5. Interpreted

When a programming language is interpreted, it means that the source code is executed line by line, and not all at once. Programming languages such as C++ or Java are not interpreted, and hence need to be compiled first to run them. There is no need to compile Python because it is processed at runtime by the interpreter. 

Let us now look at the next feature of python.

6. Portable

Python is portable in the sense that the same code can be used on different machines. Suppose you write a Python code on a Mac. If you want to run it on Windows or Linux later, you don’t have to make any changes to it. As such, there is no need to write a program multiple times for several platforms.