AI engineers are in high demand and for good reason. Artificial intelligence has seemingly endless potential to improve and simplify tasks commonly done by humans, including speech recognition, image processing, business process management, and even the diagnosis of disease. If you’re already technically inclined and have a background in software programming, you may want to consider a lucrative AI career and know about how to become an AI engineer.
What Is Artificial Intelligence?
Artificial Intelligence (AI) is a computer system’s ability to mimic human behavior. Machines demonstrate this sort of intelligence, which can be compared to a natural intelligence that humans and animals demonstrate.
In artificial intelligence (AI), machines learn from past data and actions, which are positive or negative. With this new information, the machine is able to make corrections to itself so that the problems don't resurface, as well as make any necessary adjustments to handle new inputs. Finally, the machine is able to perform human-like tasks.
Let us understand what an AI engineer does in the next section of How to become an AI Engineer article.
What is AI engineering?
Artificial intelligence engineering is based on the principles of systems engineering, software engineering, computer science, and human-centered design to create artificial intelligence systems that align with humans' needs for achieving mission objectives.
What Does an AI Engineer Do?
An AI engineer builds AI models using machine learning algorithms and deep learning neural networks to draw business insights, which can be used to make business decisions that affect the entire organization. These engineers also create weak or strong AIs, depending on what goals they want to achieve.
AI engineers have a sound understanding of programming, software engineering, and data science. They use different tools and techniques so they can process data, as well as develop and maintain AI systems.
AI Engineers build different types of AI applications, such as contextual advertising based on sentiment analysis, visual identification or perception and language translation.
The next section of How to become an AI Engineer focuses on the responsibilities of an AI engineer.
What Does It Take To Be an AI Engineer?
To become an expert in artificial intelligence, you will need to follow these steps:
Obtain a Secondary School Diploma
The first need to fulfill in order to enter the field of artificial intelligence engineering is to get a high school diploma with a specialization in a scientific discipline, such as chemistry, physics, or mathematics. You also have the option of including statistics among your foundational disciplines in your schooling. If you leave high school with a strong background in scientific subjects, you'll have a solid foundation from which to build your subsequent learning.
Complete a Bachelor's Degree
You have the option of enrolling in a Bachelor of Science (B.Sc.) program that lasts for three years instead of a Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech.) program that lasts for four years. It is also possible to get an engineering degree in a field that is conceptually comparable, such as information technology or computer science, and then specialize in artificial intelligence alongside data science and machine learning. To get into prestigious engineering institutions like NITs, IITs, and IIITs, you may need to do well on the Joint Entrance Examination (JEE).
Pursue a Master's Degree
To give yourself a competing chance for AI engineering careers and increase your earning capacity, you may consider getting Artificial Intelligence Engineer Master's degree in a similar discipline. It might provide you with a comprehensive understanding of the topic as well as specialized technical abilities. You may be required to take the GATE exam in order to enroll in an engineering program.
On the other hand, participating in Artificial Intelligence Courses or diploma programs may help you increase your abilities at a lower financial investment. There are graduate and post-graduate degrees available in artificial intelligence and machine learning that you may pursue. You may get online certifications at your own speed via a variety of platforms, such as Simplilearn, which provides online training courses.
After you have obtained a sufficient amount of expertise in the subject, you may begin to apply for positions in the disciplines of artificial intelligence (AI), deep learning, and machine learning. In this industry, there is a wide variety of job types available, including data scientist, AI expert, machine learning developer, robotics engineer, and data scientist. You have the option to begin your career as an employee in a lower-level job and then work toward advancing to positions of more responsibility as your expertise grows.
The discipline of AI engineering is still relatively new, but it has the potential to open up a wealth of employment doors in the years to come. A bachelor's degree in a relevant subject, such as information technology, computer engineering, statistics, or data science, is the very minimum needed for entry into the area of artificial intelligence engineering.
A master's degree in artificial intelligence may be pursued after earning a bachelor's degree in computer science. Having credentials in data science, deep learning, and machine learning may help you get a job and offer you a thorough grasp of essential subjects.
Responsibilities of an AI Engineer
- Convert the machine learning models into application program interfaces (APIs) so that other applications can use it
- Build AI models from scratch and help the different components of the organization (such as product managers and stakeholders) understand what results they gain from the model
- Build data ingestion and data transformation infrastructure
- Automate the infrastructure that the data science team uses
- Perform statistical analysis and tune the results so that the organization can make better-informed decisions
- Set up and manage AI development and product infrastructure
- Be a good team player, as coordinating with others is a must
Skills Required to Become an AI Engineer
Professionals who are finding out how to become an AI engineer should also know about the skills required in this field. Some of them include:
The first skill required to become an AI engineer is programming. To become well-versed in AI, it’s crucial to learn programming languages, such as Python, R, Java, and C++ to build and implement models.
Linear Algebra, Probability, and Statistics
To understand and implement different AI models—such as Hidden Markov models, Naive Bayes, Gaussian mixture models, and linear discriminant analysis—you must have detailed knowledge of linear algebra, probability, and statistics.
Spark and Big Data Technologies
AI engineers work with large volumes of data, which could be streaming or real-time production-level data in terabytes or petabytes. For such data, these engineers need to know about Spark and other big data technologies to make sense of it. Along with Apache Spark, one can also use other big data technologies, such as Hadoop, Cassandra, and MongoDB.
Algorithms and Frameworks
Understanding how machine learning algorithms like linear regression, KNN, Naive Bayes, Support Vector Machine, and others work will help you implement machine learning models with ease. Additionally, to build AI models with unstructured data, you should understand deep learning algorithms (like a convolutional neural network, recurrent neural network, and generative adversarial network) and implement them using a framework. Some of the frameworks used in artificial intelligence are PyTorch, Theano, TensorFlow, and Caffe.
The difference between successful engineers and those who struggle is rooted in their soft skills. Although being an AI engineer is primarily a technical job, the ability to effectively communicate with others, deal with problems, organize one's time effectively, and work in collaboration with others are the key factors that determine whether or not a project is successfully completed and delivered.
There is a broad range of people with different levels of competence that artificial intelligence engineers have to talk to. Suppose that your company asks you to create and deliver a new artificial intelligence model to every division inside the company. If you want to convey complicated thoughts and concepts to a wide audience, you'll probably want to brush up on your written and spoken communication abilities.
To be a successful data scientist or software engineer, you must be able to think creatively and solve problems. Because artificial intelligence seeks to address problems as they emerge in real-time, it necessitates the development of problem-solving skills that are both critical and creative.
Engineers in the field of machine learning must recognize both the demands of the company and the sorts of obstacles their designs are addressing in order to create self-running programs and optimize solutions utilized by organizations and customers. A lack of expertise in the relevant field might lead to suggestions that are inaccurate, work that is incomplete, and a model that is difficult to assess.
Engineers in the field of artificial intelligence must balance the needs of several stakeholders with the need to do research, organize and plan projects, create software, and thoroughly test it. The ability to effectively manage one's time is essential to becoming a productive member of the team.
Members of the AI and IT communities often collaborate with one another. The ability to operate successfully and productively in a team is a valuable skill to have. You may be required to work with both small and big groups to accomplish complicated objectives. Taking into account the opinions of others and offering your own via clear and concise communication may help you become a successful member of a team.
The majority of problems relating to the management of an organization may be resolved by means of successful artificial intelligence initiatives. If you have business intelligence, you will be able to transform your technological ideas into productive commercial ventures. You may strive to establish a fundamental grasp of how companies function, the audiences they cater to, and the rivalry within the market, regardless of the sector in which you are currently employed.
Critical Thinking Ability
Creative AI models and technology solutions may need to come up with a multitude of answers to a single issue. You would also have to swiftly evaluate the given facts to form reasonable conclusions. You can acquire and strengthen most of these capabilities while earning your bachelor's degree, but you may explore for extra experiences and chances to expand your talents in this area if you want to.
AI Engineer Salary
According to Glassdoor, the average annual salary of an AI engineer is $114,121 in the United States and ₹765,353 in India. The salary may differ in several organizations, and with the knowledge and expertise you bring to the table.
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How to Build a Career in AI
Since several industries around the world use AI to some degree or the other, including healthcare and education, there has been exponential growth in the career opportunities within the field of AI. Some of these job roles are:
An AI developer works closely with electrical engineers and develops software to create artificially intelligent robots.
AI architects work closely with clients to provide constructive business and system integration services. They also create and maintain the entire architecture.
Machine Learning Engineer
Machine learning engineers build predictive models using vast volumes of data. They have in-depth knowledge of machine learning algorithms, deep learning algorithms, and deep learning frameworks.
Data scientists collect, clean, analyze, and interpret large and complex datasets by leveraging both machine learning and predictive analytics.
Business Intelligence Developer
They're responsible for designing, modeling, and analyzing complex data to identify business and market trends.
How Can Simplilearn Help You?
Simplilearn has teamed up with IBM to offer the Artificial Intelligence course, especially for professionals willing to know how to become an AI engineer. This program consists of a number of practical courses, such as:
- Introduction to Artificial Intelligence
- Data Science with Python
- Machine Learning
- Deep Learning Fundamentals by IBM
- Deep Learning with TensorFlow
- AI Capstone Project
After completing this program, you'll earn certificates from both IBM and Simplilearn, which are recognized worldwide. IBM is the second-largest predictive analysis and machine learning solutions provider globally.
A joint partnership with Simplilearn and Purdue University introduces you AI and Machine Learning Courses to integrated blended learning, making you an expert in AI and ML. This PG Program, co-developed with IBM, will make you industry-ready for AI and Machine Learning job roles. Additionally, you can get the following:
- Job assistance from Simplilearn
- Experience with more than 25+ projects
- Assistance with over 20 in-demand skills and tools, such as NumPy, SciPy, Apache Spark, Watson, Keras, Python, and R
- Access to exclusive forums moderated by expert faculty and industry thought leaders
- $1,200 worth of IBM cloud credits that you can leverage for hands-on experience
- Industry recognized IBM certificates for IBM courses
- The industry-recognized PG Certificate from Purdue University
Now that you have understood how to become an AI engineer, get started on your journey to becoming a certified AI Engineer and prepare yourself for AI and Data Science interview questions and landing at your dream job!