Java vs. Python: Which is the Best Programming Language?

The scope and use of Java and Python need no formal introduction. Java and Python are two widely used general-purpose programming languages. At present, developers use Java and Python for developing a variety of desktop and web applications, thus making them very popular. Both of these programming languages are also used for machine learning and data science.  

Often learners, programmers, and developers have the dilemma as to which programming language they should learn or use in their work. To solve these queries, we will be looking into the key characteristics of both programming languages. Let’s jump on to the major differences between Java and Python and help you overcome some of the challenges.

We’ll compare Java vs. Python based on the following categories:

  • History
  • Performance
  • Syntax
  • Web frameworks
  • Popularity worldwide
  • Practical Agility
  • Salary

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History of Java and Python


java.


python

Java was started as a project called ‘Oak’ by James Gosling in 1991, and the first implementation was Java 1.0 in 1995.

Python was created by Guido Van Rossum in the late 1980s, followed by the release of Python1.0 in 1994.

It is an object-oriented programming(OOP) language and with the provision of allowing the same program to be executed on multiple operating systems. 

It is a general-purpose, object-oriented language. It is in huge demand in the Rapid Application Development field due to its dynamic binding and dynamic typing options..

JDK, JVM, and JRE are the three main components of Java Programming Language.

There are no such components of the Python programming language.

Performance of Java and Python

Java

Python

speedo1

Java is faster than Python because it is a compiled language.


speedo2

Python is an interpreted language, making it slower than Java.

Syntax of Java and Python

Number of Lines

Java

Python

public class welcome {

public static void main (String args[ ] ) {

System.out.println (“ Welcome to Simplilearn ”) ;

}

}

print ( ‘ Welcome to Simplilearn ‘ )

Semicolon

Java

Python

Java requires a semicolon to present the end of the line.

Python does not require a semicolon to present the end of the line.

Indentation

Java

Python

Indentation does not affect the compilation of programs in Java.

Proper indentation is significant in Python. The program will not compile if there is no appropriate indentation.

class Example {

public static void main (String args[]) {

int a = 5;

if (a>0) {

system.out.println("a is greater than zero");

}

else {

system.out.println("a is less than zero");

}

}

}

a=10

b=3

if b > a:

print("b is greater than a")

elif a==b:

print("a and b are equal")

else:

print("a is greater than b")

Web Frameworks in Java and Python

Java web frameworks are faster as compared to Python

Python web frameworks are slower as compared to Java.

Spark, Spring, Structs are the few examples of Java web frameworks.

Django and Flask are examples of Python web frameworks.


Popularity Worldwide

The Google Trends for Java and Python suggest Python is more popular than Java and is widely searched on the internet.


google trends

Fig: Google Trends of Java vs Python

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Practical Agility of Java and Python

Java

Python

Java is used in many places, such as e-commerce websites, android applications, financial applications, and desktop applications.

Python is used in applications such as data analysis and machine learning, and artificial intelligence.

Salary Comparison of a Java and Python Developer

The comparison of the average salary of a Java and Python developer is given below:

google-trends-javaVspython

Fig: Average Salary of Java Developer in the United States

python-developer-salary

Fig: Average salary of Python Developer(source)

What is the Possible Answer?

Now, since you know the difference between both programming languages - Java and Python, you can make an informed choice of the right one for your requirements. 

Conclusion

With this, we have reached the end of this article. We hope that you gained better insight into the features of both Java and Python. Do you have any questions for us? Do leave your queries in the comments section below, and our experts will get back to you at the earliest!

About the Author

Aryan GuptaAryan Gupta

Aryan is a tech enthusiast who likes to stay updated about trending technologies of today. He is passionate about all things technology, a keen researcher, and writes to inspire. Aside from technology, he is an active football player and a keen enthusiast of the game.

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