The web development industry is ever-evolving, primarily due to the changing technologies controlling the industry and the increasing availability of programming languages. Python and Go (Golang) are the two most notable advanced web languages among the numerous programming languages available for designing websites. Coders often find it extremely difficult to choose between Python and Go. Even though they are largely dissimilar, both Python and Go have immense potential depending upon the programmer's purpose, skills, and capabilities.

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What Is Python?

Python, a high-end object-oriented programming language, is used in Machine Learning applications, web development, data science apace with all modern software technologies. It facilitates rapid application development by integrating dynamic binding and typing with built-in data structures. It enables system modularity and code reuse by supporting modules and packages. Python necessitates only a few lines of code, thus ensuring readability and reduced cost of program maintenance.

Features of Python

  • Programmer-friendly - Unlike other programming languages, Python is extremely easy to learn and code in. It only takes a few hours or days to understand the basics of this high-end programming language.
  • Object-oriented - It supports the concept of classes, encapsulation, objects and object-oriented language.
  • High-level and Interpreted - It is a high-end language that does not necessitate its users to remember the system architecture or perform memory management. 

Python code does not require code compilation. At a time, the code is run line by line, making it an Interpreted Language.

  • Free and Open Source - Users can avail Python language and download it from the official website. The source code of this open-source language can be accessed by the public, allowing users to download, use and share it.
  • GUI Programming Support - Graphical User Interface can be developed by using modules such as PyQt5, PyQt4, wxPython, or Tk in python.
  • Extensible and Portable - It is an extensible language as users can formulate certain Python code into C or C++ language and further compile that code in C/C++ language.

The same python code can be deployed on all platforms.

  • Powerful Standard Library - It offers a huge collection of standard libraries for the following:
  1. Machine Learning
  2. Web frameworks such as Django
  3. GUI Applications such as PyQt Tkinter, Kivy, etc
  4. Text processing
  5. Image processing such as OpenCV, Pillow, etc
  6. Multimedia
  7. Web scraping such as Scrappy, BeautifulSoup, Selenium, etc
  8. Scientific computing
  9. Test frameworks

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What Is Go?

Go, or Golang, is an open-source and statically typed compiled language launched by Google in 2009. It supports concurrent programming and allows the simultaneous operation of multiple processes by using goroutines, channels, etc. The garbage collection possessed by Golang is responsible for memory management and allowing delayed execution of functions. It is a popular choice for infrastructure with some of the most common infrastructure tools, including Kubernetes, Docker, and Prometheus written in it.

Features of Go

  • Simplicity - The developers of Go focus on credibility, readability and manageability by incorporating only the essential attributes to the language. They avoid any kind of language complications resulting from the addition of complex traits.
  • Concurrency - Go deals with concurrency using channels and Goroutines. Concurrency ensures the efficient utilization of Multi-processor architecture and enables enhanced scaling of large applications.
  • Robust Standard Library - Go streamlines code composition by offering a powerful set of library packages. Although Go does not have a diverse library like Python or Java, it includes adequate fundamental material.
  • Web Application Building - The easy constructs and flexible execution speed offered by Go have resulted in its growing popularity as a web application building language.
  • Compilation Speed - Golang offers a much more powerful speed of completion and compilation than several other popular programming languages. 
  • Testing Support - Go enables users to test their code composed in ‘*_test.go” files by offering the “go test” command.

Difference Between Python VS Go

Python

Go

High-end programming language based on object-oriented programming.

Procedural programming language based on concurrent programming.

Has classes and objects

Does not support object-oriented programming, hence lacks classes and objects.

Supports inheritance

Does not support inheritance

Does not support channels and Goroutines

Supports channels and Goroutines

Does not support interfaces

Supports interfaces

Less verbose

More verbose

Does not possess any in-built concurrency mechanism

Provides absolute concurrency support

Supports exceptions

Do not support exception

Suitable for computing and data analysis

Suitable for system programming

Employs an interpreter as it is a dynamically typed language

Employs a compiler as it is a statically typed language

The syntax is based on indentation for indicating code blocks

The syntax is based on the opening and closing braces

Require a few lines of code

Requires more code

Looking forward to make a move to programming? Take up the Python Training Course and begin your career as a professional Python programmer.

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Python is an extremely versatile and popular programming language among AI engineers, Data Scientists, Machine Learning engineers, etc. It is the second most loved programming language globally. 

The Python Certification Course offered by Simplilearn is a great choice for anyone willing to learn Python for software development or for starting a career in data science. Individuals without any prior programming knowledge or expertise can also benefit from this course. This Python course emphasizes the fundamentals of Python and its application in the real world to make individuals industry-ready. 

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