How to Create An Excel Worksheet: Step by Step Guide

Microsoft Excel is a software product designed and developed to store, organize and manipulate structured data. Excel Worksheet plays a vital role in offering multiple functionalities to ease the tedious process of managing data.

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What is an Excel Worksheet?

An Excel worksheet is a software program/document that collects rows and columns designed to store information in an organized manner. An Excel worksheet also enables users to apply mathematical and statistical logic to the data and manipulate it according to the requirements of the business strategies.

So, this was a brief introduction to Excel Worksheet. In the next section, you will learn how to create a new Excel Worksheet.

How to Create an Excel Worksheet?

To create a new Excel worksheet, you need to follow the steps mentioned below.

By default, when you start Microsoft Excel, there is an option of selecting a variety of worksheets, as shown below.


You can select the option based on the requirements. For now, create a blank worksheet. The blank worksheet looks as shown below.


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Insert a New Excel Worksheet

There might be a situation where you would need to include another worksheet along the side of the existing worksheet. This collection of Excel Worksheets is called an Excel Workbook. To insert a new worksheet, you can right-click on the sheet name in the bottom sheet tracker tray, as shown below.


By selecting the new worksheet option from the available options, you can create a new worksheet as displayed below.


A new dialogue box will appear on the screen, where you can select the option to include a new sheet.

In the next part, you will learn how to rename a worksheet.

Rename Excel Worksheet

You can rename the Excel Worksheet by right-clicking on the sheet name and selecting the rename option from the dialogue box as shown below.


In the next segment, you will learn how to delete a worksheet.

Delete Excel Worksheet

If you wish to eliminate the Excel Worksheet, you must right-click onto the worksheet tab and select the delete option from the dialogue box as shown below.


Worksheets in Excel can also be hidden. Now, you will see how that can be done.

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Hide Excel Worksheet

Sometimes, you might have to keep a particular worksheet hidden. You can achieve this by right-clicking the worksheet name on the worksheet tray and selecting the hide option from the dialogue box, as shown below.


If you want to unhide the hidden worksheet, you can right-click on the existing worksheet and choose the option of Unhide, as shown below.


The following dialogue box will show the list of hidden sheets, and you can choose the sheet you wish to unhide, as shown below.


In the next part, you will learn to move or copy an Excel Worksheet

Move or Copy an Excel Worksheet

To move or copy an excel worksheet, you must right-click on the sheet name you wish to move or copy and select the option of copy or move option from the dialogue box as shown below.


After selecting the option, you will find a new dialogue box, as shown below.


The first step is to select the workbook where you want to copy or move the current worksheet. It can be the current workbook or a different workbook, as shown below.


The next step is to select if you want to move (cut and paste) the worksheet or copy the worksheet. If you wish to copy the sheet, then make sure you select the tick option as shown below.


If you wish to move the worksheet to a new workbook, then select the new workbook option in the first menu and do not select the tick in the last option that reads "make a copy".

In the upcoming part, you will learn to protect the cells in the excel worksheet.

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Protect Cells in Excel Worksheet

To protect the cells in the Excel Worksheet, you should right-click on the sheet and select the safeguard cells option on the dialogue box, as shown below.


The following dialogue box will help you select the contents on the sheet with a password, as shown below. 


With this, you have come to an end of this "Excel Worksheet" article. 

Next Steps

"UserForms in Excel" can be your next stop. Generating a user form in excel will help you simplify the process to insert, delete, and manipulate data in Excel Worksheet.

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Have you got any questions for us on this Excel Worksheet tutorial? If yes, do feel free to share them in the comments section below. Our subject matter experts will resolve them for you as soon as possible.


1. What is an Excel worksheet?

You can sort and analyze raw data on excel. It is a collection of rows and columns. Each worksheet has 1048576 rows and 16384 columns. 

2. What are the basic Excel functions? 

Most basic and essential Excel functions are as follows: 

1. =IF(logical test, value if true, value if false)


=SUMIFS(sum range, criteria range 1, criteria 1, …)


=COUNTIFS(criteria range 1, criteria 1, …)




=CONCATENATE(text1, text2, text3, …)


=LEFT(text, num chars)

=RIGHT(text, num chars)


=VLOOKUP(lookup value, table array, column index number, range lookup)


=IFERROR(VLOOKUP(B2,$G$2:$H$12,2,FALSE),"Name not found. Check both lists")




=UNIQUE(array, by col, exactly once)

3. How many worksheets are there in Excel?

In one workbook you can add 255 separate sheets. 

4. What are Excel files called?

Excel has worksheets or spreadsheets where we usually work.These worksheets are stored in a workbook. One book can have multiple worksheets in it.

5. What are the shortcut keys for Excel?

Some common shortcut keys for excel are as follows: 

  1. Close a workbook - Ctrl+W
  2. Open a workbook - Ctrl+O
  3. Go to the Home tab - Alt+H
  4. Save a workbook - Ctrl+S
  5. Copy selection - Ctrl+C
  6. Paste selection - Ctrl+V 
  7. Undo recent action - Ctrl+Z 
  8. Remove cell contents - Delete 
  9. Choose a fill color - Alt+H, H 
  10. Cut selection - Ctrl+X 
  11. Go to the Insert tab - Alt+N 
  12. Apply bold formatting - Ctrl+B 
  13. Center align cell contents - Alt+H, A, C 
  14. Go to the Page Layout tab - Alt+P 
  15. Go to the Data tab - Alt+A

About the Author

Ravikiran A SRavikiran A S

Ravikiran A S works with Simplilearn as a Research Analyst. He an enthusiastic geek always in the hunt to learn the latest technologies. He is proficient with Java Programming Language, Big Data, and powerful Big Data Frameworks like Apache Hadoop and Apache Spark.

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