The Excel Freeze Panes option allows you to lock your columns and/or rows so that when you scroll down or over to view the rest of your sheet, the column and/or row will remain on the screen.

Go to the View tab of a worksheet to select Freeze Panes, which locks specific rows and columns in place when you scroll to another area, or Split Panes, which creates separate windows of the same spreadsheet.

How to Freeze Top Row?

To freeze only the top row, execute the steps mentioned below:

  1. In the windows group, go to the View tab, and click Freeze Panes.
  2. Click Freeze Top Row.freeze

Your top row is now frozen. You can scroll down to the rest of the worksheet.

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How to Unfreeze Panes?

To unlock all the rows and columns, follow the steps mentioned below:

  1. Go to View > Freeze Panes > Unfreeze Panes.
  2. Click on Unfreeze Panes.


How to Freeze First Column?

You can freeze only the first column for your worksheet by following these steps:

  1. Go to View tab > Windows group > Freeze First Column.
  2. Select Freeze First Column.

first cloumn

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How to Freeze Rows?

Excel provides you with the option to freeze multiple rows at once. To freeze the multiple rows, follow these steps: 

  1. For example, select row 5.
  2. Go to View tab > Windows group > Freeze Panes.
  3. Select Freeze Panes.


As you can see below, it freezes all the rows above row 5.


In a similar way, you can freeze multiple columns as well.

Magic Freeze Button

The magic freeze button is a shortcut to freeze the rows and columns with a single click.

To add the magic freeze shortcut to the quick access toolbar, follow these steps:

  • Click on the down arrow and click more commands.


  • Add the Freeze Panes option to the quick access toolbar and click OK.


As you can see, it adds the shortcut to your toolbar.



In this article, we have discussed a useful function of freezing the rows and columns in Excel.

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About the Author

Shruti MShruti M

Shruti is an engineer and a technophile. She works on several trending technologies. Her hobbies include reading, dancing and learning new languages. Currently, she is learning the Japanese language.

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