The Microsoft Excel LOOKUP function is one of the most popular excel functions. It returns a value from a range (one row or one column) or an array. We can use it as a worksheet function (WS) in Excel. This tutorial will explain the basics of Lookup in Excel and provide several examples for you to decide as to which Lookup function is best in a particular scenario.

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Data Analyst Master’s Program ## What Is a LOOKUP Function?

Lookup functions in Excel mean referencing a cell to match values in another row or column against the cell and thereby retrieving the corresponding results from the respective rows and columns.

## Uses of LOOKUP functions

Some uses of LOOKUP functions are:

• You can find the exact or appropriate match by using the lookup function.
• Users can search for data both vertically (columns) and horizontally (rows).
• It is simpler to use and does not require selecting the entire table.

## Key Terms

• Lookup - Looking for a specified value in the data table.
• Lookup Value - A value to be searched for.
• Return Value - A value at the same position but in another row or column depending upon whether you are doing a horizontal or vertical lookup.
• Master Table - The table from where you will get the matching value.

## VLOOKUP Function

The VLOOKUP function in Excel is a powerful function used to lookup data in a table organized vertically. It looks down the left column of a range to find a value.

Syntax: =VLOOKUP(lookup_value, table_array, col_index_num, [range_lookup] )

Consider the master employee dataset. #### Your Data Analytics Career is Around The Corner!

Data Analyst Master’s Program We will look for the Emp ID in the master dataset and fill the first name corresponding to the Emp ID. To use the VLOOKUP function, follow the steps mentioned below.

Step 1. Click on the cell that you’d like the VLOOKUP formula to be calculated. In this case, the cell is C3. Free Webinar | 6 Dec, Wednesday | 7 PM IST Step 2. Click on the formula at the top of the screen, and in the lookup and reference, select VLOOKUP. Step 3. Select the VLOOKUP option. The argument window will appear. Step 4. Click the OK button. There is another way you can implement the VLOOKUP function. Use the formula bar and enter the required fields there. You will get the same result.

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Data Scientist Master’s Program ## HLOOKUP Function

The HLOOKUP function looks up for a value in the first row of a given range and gives a value in the same column from a row that you specified.

Syntax: =HLOOKUP( lookup_value, table_array, row_index_num, [range_lookup] )

Consider the following master table. We will get the warehouse 2 inventory details from the master table where the product code is XP200. To use the HLOOKUP function, follow the steps mentioned below.

Step 1. Click the cell where you want the HLOOKUP formula to be calculated. Step 2. Click formula at the top of the screen, and in the Lookup and reference, select HLOOKUP. Step 3. Select the HLOOKUP option. The argument window will appear. Step 4. Click OK. To use the formula bar for HLOOKUP, go to the formula bar and enter =HLOOKUP After entering the formula, hit Enter. You will get the same result.

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Data Scientist Master’s Program ## XLOOKUP Function

The XLOOKUP function is the improved version of VLOOKUP and HLOOKUP. XLOOKUP function is used when you need to find things in a table or a range by row. The difference between VLOOKUP and XLOOKUP is that XLOOKUP can search for a return value regardless of which side the return column is on. You will get the first name corresponding to the last name. The if_not_found and Match_mode are optional columns and can be left blank.

## LOOKUP Function

The LOOKUP function in Excel can perform the simplest types of vertical and horizontal lookups.

There are two forms of LOOKUP in Excel: Vector and Array.

#### Become an AI-powered Business Analyst ### Vector Form

The vector form looks for a value in a specified column or row.

Syntax: LOOKUP(lookup_value,lookup_vector,result_vector)

Example:

Consider the following Master table. We will fetch the Dept corresponding to Emp ID using vector form of Lookup From the Lookup & Reference option, select LOOKUP. The following window will appear. Select the vector form. Lookup_value is the value that LOOKUP function searches in an array. It can be a number, text, a logical value, or a name or even a reference to a value.

Lookup_vector is a range that contains only one row or one column of a text, numbers, or logical values, placed in ascending order.

Result_vector is a range that contains only one row or column, the same size as Lookup_vector.

You will get the Department corresponding to the Employee ID. ### Array Form

The array form looks for the value in the first row or column of an array.

Syntax: LOOKUP(lookup_value,array)

Example:

From the Lookup & Reference option, select LOOKUP. The following window will appear.

Select the array form. The argument window will appear. Lookup_value is a value that LOOKUP searches for in an array and can be a number, text, a logical value, or a name or reference to a value.

An array is a range of cells that contains text, number, or logical values that you want to compare with Lookup_value.

The Pay Rate is fetched from the master table. Gain expertise in the latest Business analytics tools and techniques with the Business Analyst Master's Program. Enroll now!

### Conclusion

In this article, you have learned various LOOKUP functions in MS Excel. They can be used to perform many operations and tasks that are otherwise time-consuming automatically.

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