Objects and Classes in Python: Create, Modify and Delete

Python is a super-popular programming language particularly suited for developing GUIs and web applications. It is also an extremely popular choice for application development because it offers dynamic typing and binding options. In this article, we will be learning about objects and classes in Python.

In this article, we’ll be exploring the following topics:

  • What is a Class?
  • What is an Object?
  • The _init_ method
  • Creating Classes and Objects in Python
  • Modify Object Properties
  • Delete Object Properties

What is a Class?

The class can be defined as a collection of objects that define the common attributes and behaviors of all the objects. To sum up, it can be called a blueprint of similar objects.

For better understanding, let’s go through an example. In this case, we are considering a Person as a class. Now, if a person is a class, every person has certain features, such as name, gender, and age. Every person has certain behaviors, they can talk, walk, run, or vote.

person

Class is defined under a “class” keyword.

Example:

defining

Fig: Defining a class-objects and classes in Python

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What is an Object?

Just like everything in the real world is an object, so is the case with the OOPS programming paradigm.

The object is an entity that has state and behavior. It is an instance of a class that can access the data.

Example:

defining-2.

Fig: Defining an object

The _init_Method

The _init_ method is run as soon as an object of a class is created. This method is useful for passing initial value to your objects. 

init.

Fig: _init_ method

“Self” represents the instance of the class. It binds the attributes to the given arguments. 

Creating Classes and Objects in Python

creating-class

Fig: Creating class and objects

Here, emp1 and emp2 are objects of the class employee.

Modifying Object Properties

You can modify object properties in the following manner:

Fig: Modify object properties-objects and classes in Python

In the example above, we mentioned the attribute that we wanted to change by specifying the object and its properties.

Delete Object Properties

You can delete the object property by using the ‘del’ keyword.

deleting.

Fig: Deleting object properties

As you can see, the attribute has been deleted, and you get an error message when you try to print the ‘age’ attribute.

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Conclusion

In this article, we took a look at the Objects and Classes in Python through some visual examples. 

If you have any questions, please mention them in the comments section, and we'll have our experts answer them for you as soon as possible!

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About the Author

Aryan GuptaAryan Gupta

Aryan is a tech enthusiast who likes to stay updated about trending technologies of today. He is passionate about all things technology, a keen researcher, and writes to inspire. Aside from technology, he is an active football player and a keen enthusiast of the game.

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