Tutorial Playlist

Cyber Security Tutorial: A Step-by-Step Guide

Overview

What is Cybersecurity?

Lesson - 1

Cyber Security for Beginners

Lesson - 2

How to Become a Cybersecurity Engineer?

Lesson - 3

What is Ethical Hacking?

Lesson - 4

What is Penetration Testing?: A Step-by-Step Guide

Lesson - 5

What Is SQL Injection: How to Prevent SQL Injection

Lesson - 6

How to Become an Ethical Hacker?

Lesson - 7

What Is a Firewall and Why Is It Vital?

Lesson - 8

The Complete Know-How on the

Lesson - 9

A Definitive Guide to Learn the SHA 256 Algorithm

Lesson - 10

What Is a Ransomware Attack and How Can You Prevent It?

Lesson - 11

A Look at the Top 5 Programming Languages for Hacking

Lesson - 12

The Most Informative Guide on What Is an IP Address?

Lesson - 13

The Best Ethical Hacking + Cybersecurity Books

Lesson - 14

10 Types of Cyber Attacks You Should Be Aware in 2022

Lesson - 15

The Top Computer Hacks of All Time

Lesson - 16

Top 6 Cyber Security Jobs in 2022

Lesson - 17

The Best Guide to The Top Cybersecurity Interview Questions

Lesson - 18

What Is a Brute Force Attack and How to Protect Our Data Against It?

Lesson - 19

The Top 8 Cybersecurity Skills You Must Have

Lesson - 20

Your Guide to Choose the Best Operating System Between Parrot OS vs. Kali Linux

Lesson - 21

All You Need to Know About Parrot Security OS

Lesson - 22

The Best and Easiest Way to Understand What Is a VPN

Lesson - 23

What Is NMap? A Comprehensive Tutorial for Network Mapping

Lesson - 24

What Is Google Dorking? Your Way to Becoming the Best Google Hacker

Lesson - 25

Your Best Guide to a Successful Cyber Security Career Path

Lesson - 26

The Value of Python in Ethical Hacking and a Password Cracking Tutorial

Lesson - 27

The Best Guide to Understand What Is TCP/IP Model?

Lesson - 28

What Are Keyloggers and Its Effect on Our Devices?

Lesson - 29

Best Guide to Understand the Importance of What Is Subnetting

Lesson - 30

Your Guide to What Is 5G and How It Works

Lesson - 31

How to Crack Passwords and Strengthen Your Credentials Against Brute-Force

Lesson - 32

A Look at ‘What Is Metasploitable’, a Hacker’s Playground Based on Ubuntu Virtual Machines

Lesson - 33

One-Stop Guide to Understanding What Is Distance Vector Routing?

Lesson - 34

Best Walkthrough for Understanding the Networking Commands

Lesson - 35

Best Guide to Understanding the Operation of Stop-and-Wait Protocol

Lesson - 36

The Best Guide to Understanding the Working and Importance of Go-Back-N ARQ Protocol

Lesson - 37

What Are Digital Signatures: A Thorough Guide Into Cryptographic Authentication

Lesson - 38

The Best Spotify Data Analysis Project You Need to Know

Lesson - 39

A One-Stop Solution Guide to Understand Data Structure and Algorithm Complexity

Lesson - 40

Your One-Stop Guide ‘On How Does the Internet Work?’

Lesson - 41

An Introduction to Circuit Switching and Packet Switching

Lesson - 42

One-Stop Guide to Understanding What Is Network Topology?

Lesson - 43

A Deep Dive Into Cross-Site Scripting and Its Significance

Lesson - 44

The Best Walkthrough on What Is DHCP and Its Working

Lesson - 45

A Complete Look at What a Proxy Is, Along With the Working of the Proxy Server

Lesson - 46

A Detailed Guide to Understanding What Identity and Access Management Is

Lesson - 47

The Best Guide to Understanding the Working and Effects of Sliding Window Protocol

Lesson - 48

The Best Guide That You’ll Ever Need to Understand Typescript and Express

Lesson - 49

Express REST API

Lesson - 50

All You Need to Know About Express JS Middleware

Lesson - 51

An Absolute Guide to Know Everything on Expressions in C

Lesson - 52

A Definitive Guide on How to Create a Strong Password

Lesson - 53

Ubuntu vs. Debian: A Look at Beginner Friendly Linux Distribution

Lesson - 54

Your One-Stop Guide to Learn Command Prompt Hacks

Lesson - 55

Best Walkthrough to Understand the Difference Between IPv4 and IPv6

Lesson - 56

What Is Kali NetHunter? A Deep Dive Into the Hackbox for Android

Lesson - 57

A Perfect Guide That Explains the Differences Between a Hub and a Switch

Lesson - 58

The Best Guide to Help You Understand What Is Network Security

Lesson - 59

What Is CIDR? And Its Importance in the Networking Domain

Lesson - 60
Best Walkthrough to Understand the Difference Between IPv4 and IPv6

To access the internet from our devices, you require an IP address, which acts as a unique address for the device. But there are two versions of IP addresses to choose from, IPv4 and IPv6. In this tutorial on 'IPv4 vs IPv6', you will understand the differences between the IP address and which IP to choose for our system.

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What Is an IP Address?

Internet Protocol address (IP address) is a set of rules and a method designed to allow the device to access the internet and serve as a unique identification medium.

IPv4_vs_IPv6_1.

An Internet protocol address (IP address) is designed to have a unique combination of numbers and periods, such as 192.178.13.2. This combination of numbers acts as an identity for the system when it connects to the internet for accessing data.

Further in this tutorial on ‘IPv4 vs IPv6’, you will look into the need for understanding the difference between the IPv4 and IPv6 for assigning addresses for the system.

Versions of IP Address

To meet the increasing demand of the IP address for network devices, the original IP version, i.e., IPv4 (IP address version type 4), will not be able to cover the need of users, so to overcome the situation of IP address unavailability, IPv6 (IP address version type 6) address were introduced.

IPv4_vs_IPv6_2

IPv4

IP addresses in version 4 type are designed to be of 32-bit type binary format and contain around 232 addresses, and these addresses were sufficient as a primary requirement.

IPv4_vs_IPv6_3.

The addresses in this address type range from 0 to 255 in terms of 0s and 1s, with four octets, each of them separated by a period (.). The network device uses the binary format, whereas the numerical format is used for the host's reference.

IPv6

An IPv6 address type is designed of 128 bits from which 4 are hexadecimal digits, and it created eight sets, with each block containing 16 bits separated by a colon (:).

IPv4_vs_IPv6_4.

                      2001:0000:3238:DFE1:0063:0000:0000:FEFB

The total number of addresses in IPv6 address type is around 320 undecillion.

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IPv4 vs IPv6

The difference between IP addresses of version types 4 and 6 can be made based on multiple features and applications, which are:

  • Address Length

IPv4

IPv6

IPv4 is composed of 32-bit address length and is the fourth version of the Internet Protocol (IP).

IPv6 is composed of 128-bit address length and is the latest updated version of the Internet Protocol (IP).

  • Address Configuration Settings

IPv4

IPv6

Requires manual and DHCP configuration for communication with the network.

IPv6 configuration depends according to the requirement of the system and supports manual, and auto-configuration.

  • Address Size

IPv4

IPv6

IPv4 consists of approximately 4 billion addresses.

IPv6 addressing consists of 320 undecillion addresses.

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  • Address Fields

IPv4

IPv6

IPv4 address is numerically based with 4 fields separated by a dot (.).

IPv6 address is alphanumeric based consisting of 8 fields separated by a colon (:).

  • Address Encryption and Authentication

IPv4

IPv6

In the case of IPv4 addressing no encryption or authentication services are initiated.

IPv6 provides proper encryption and authentication services for the address.

  • Address Routing Performance

IPv4

IPv6

In the case of Ipv4, it follows routing protocol (RIP), for functioning, hence more preferred over IPv6.

In the case of IPv6, no routing support protocol is applied. It uses static routes for functioning.

  • Address Security Function

IPv4

IPv6

IPv4 does not provide any mandatory security measures, and it depends on the application being used.

IPv6 provides, integrated Internet Protocol Security {IPSec} over different levels of the network architecture.

  • IP Classes

IPv4

IPv6

In the case of IPv4, it has 5 types of classes, Class A, Class B, Class C, Class D, and Class E.

IPv6 type addresses do not include any class type.

  • Address Integrity

IPv4

IPv6

IPv4 settings do not allow to configure integrity settings.

IPv6 type addresses allow configuring integrity settings.

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Conclusion

In this article on 'IPv4 vs IPv6', we understood the need for an IP address in the system followed by understanding which IP address type to choose for our network device through the detailed explanation of the difference between both the types.

If you want to further know about the working and configuration of both IPv4 and IPv6 address types, you can visit Simplilearn's Cyber Security Expert course and gain more knowledge on the working of the network models and configuration.

Do you have any questions related to this tutorial on ‘IPv4 vs IPv6’? If yes, feel free to mention them in the comment section at the bottom of this page. Our team will help you solve your queries ASAP.

About the Author

SimplilearnSimplilearn

Simplilearn is one of the world’s leading providers of online training for Digital Marketing, Cloud Computing, Project Management, Data Science, IT, Software Development, and many other emerging technologies.

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